1) Hofmann, Spring 1940 2) Hofmann, Magenta and Blue, 1950 Hans Hofmann left for Germany and came to the United States around 1940; many artists were moving to the US because the center of the contemporary art world for multiple reasons. First, Paris was financially spent during and after World War II. Second, France was only collected French art (so, young artists could not see their favorites, like Picasso). And thirdly, many modernists fled Germany to Paris, and eventually left for New York because of WWII (this was called Brain Drain). Hofmann accepted a few jobs teaching art, but didn't like them very much. He started the Hofmann school in New York. He taught modern art because he knew so much about famous artists and their styles. Hofmann was never considered a great artists himself, but he definitely tried! It is said Hofmann used Picasso's space, but Matisse's color (comparison in image 3). Spring and Magenta and Blue used an abstract space, shattering the cubist space and bring it forward. In turn, Hofmann created a very tight, flat, modernist space. Side note: Although Hofmann says he painted Spring in 1940, he probably painted it around 1944 when spill and splatter painting was more popular.