conifersgarden
10+ Views

Pinus durangensis - Durango pine, Pino blanco, Pino real (Spanish)

Conservation Status
Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened
The large extent of occurrence and the area of occupancy based on comprehensive locality sampling and a grid width of 10 km because this is a forest forming species, both place it outside a threatened category. However, exploitation has reduced formerly “extensive pure forests in Durango and southern Chihuahua… to only scattered, open stands over most of its range” (Perry 1991). It is therefore listed as Near Threatened as it nearly meets the criteria A2cd; B2ab(ii,iii,v) for listing as threatened. Although this decline has not ceased there is insufficient data to allocate one of the threatened categories. The change in status since the previous assessment of Least Concern, can therefore be seen as a genuine recent change. Populations have been substantially reduced within the last 25 years due to exploitation, fires and forest clearance. The decline is ongoing. In the Sierra Madre this species is an important constituent of the 'yellow pine' forest, where it occurs in pure stands or mixed with several other species of pine, e.g. Pinus arizonica, Pinus leiophylla, and Pinus engelmannii, or in pine-oak forests. This pine is adapted to grow on shallow, rocky soils, but its better stands are found on deeper soils, where it can successfully compete with most other pines. The soils are mostly derived from volcanic rock. At the highest elevation Pinus durangensis occurs with Abies and/or Cupressus lusitanica, at the lowest with Juniperus deppeana and Pinus oocarpa. Other pines are Pinus montezumae, Pinus teocote and in the southern part of its range Pinus ayacahuite can occur with it. In addition this species is associated with Quercus sideroxyla, Quercus rugosa, Pinus ayacahuite and Pseudotsuga (Garcia and Gonzalez 2003). Durango pine is an important timber tree. It grows straight and tall and is (or was) abundant and wide spread in many areas within its range. Logging from natural stands at the current rate is unsustainable and plantations are now being attempted in the state of Durango. The timber is used for construction such as roof beams, general carpentry, furniture, floors, and plywood. This species is virtually unknown in horticulture.
Comment
Suggested
Recent
Cards you may also be interested in
How To Spray Paint Fresh Flowers
Since I can't get blue roses for my wedding, I looked into dying them blue, which can be done, but with limited success and too much labor and time. Instead, I stumbled upon this informational tutorial about getting the job done but with floral spray paint. Here are five methods for spraying fresh flowers for your wedding or any other use. Technique 1: Misting Hold the can 15" - 18" away from the flower when spraying. Move the flowers, not the can. Let it dry before adding coats. Tip here is to layer the color. Technique 2: Air Brushing Hold the can 20" away from the flower when spraying. Move the flowers, not the can. Here, you're just highlighting. Do not apply full coverage. Technique 3: Toning Hold the can 15" - 18" away from the flower when spraying. Hit just the edges of the petals to tone the flower. Don't completely cover the blossom. Technique 4: Back Spray Hold the can 15" - 18" away from the flower when spraying. Flat and wide single petal flowers are best for this. Mist the flowers ONLY from the back to develop deeper intensity. Technique 5: Tipping Hold the can 15" - 18" away from the flower when spraying. This works best for roses and carnations. Cup the flowers in your hand so just the tips are bunched together and exposed. After spraying, you will notice that just the tips are marked with color. If you've ever tried to dye your flowers and have found quick solid success, I would love to hear from you. My wedding theme is Tiffany Blue and as the new year gets closer to my wedding day, I still haven't figured out the flowers. HELP!! <3 Thank you!
Chia sẻ kinh nghiệm làm đẹp da (p2)
Chào cả nhà, em đã dùng sữa ong chúa được hơn 1 năm và giờ đây em cảm nhận được hiệu quả của sữa ong chúa mang lại. Bằng chứng là trước đây khi chưa dùng sữa ong chúa thì da em bị mụn cám và mụn trứng cá, có cả mụn bọc nữa, da em thuộc da dầu và lỗ chân lông to, nên khi dù dùng các loại kem hay thuốc trị mụn gì cũng không hết. Vì những vấn đề này xuất phát từ nội tiết tố trong cơ thể bị rối loạn, không cân bằng được. Em tìm đủ mọi phương pháp, uống tây, nam gì cũng không giảm được nhiều. Nhưng khi em biết đến sản phẩm sữa ong chúa tươi từ một người bạn, lúc đầu nghe nói e cũng không tin lắm, nhưng cũng tìm hiểu chỗ bán uy tín và đặt về dùng thử xem có hiệu quả không?. Sau khi em sử dụng được một thời gian, có khi em sẽ đắp mặt nạ sữa ong chúa tươi, có khi em sẽ trộn sữa ong chúa với các nguyên liệu tự nhiên khác, ví dụ như mật ong, tinh bột nghệ, bột yến mạch, hay bột trà xanh, nha đam,… mỗi tuần em chỉ đắp mặt nạ sữa ong chúa từ 2 - 3 lần vì da mặt em là da nhạy cảm nên không dám đắp nhiều. Cứ thế em đã kiên trì được một thời gian thì da mặt mình có sự thay đổi rõ ràng, khi soi gương mình không còn thấy mụn nổi nữa mà lỗ chân lông cũng đã nhỏ hơn trước, lượng dầu cũng giảm hẳn. Sáng ngủ dậy, rửa mặt thấy da mình trông trắng hồng và mịn màng nhìn thấy thích lắm. Bây gờ, chỉ cần một chút son là có thế ra đường đi cà phê với bạn bè rồi.
Hexagon Shelf Black - 3 pc Honeycomb Shelves Geometric floating mini pot holder | eBay
Hexagon Shelf Black Cyperus Alternifolius Umbrella Plant does best in a tropical environment, but it quickly adapts to the home. You cannot over water this plant! It will thrive when its roots are kept continuously wet. To ensure that the plant does not dry out, it is best to put the pot inside a second larger pot that has water in it, or grow Umbrella Plant in an aquarium or swamp type environment. Umbrella Grass Plant is well-suited as an ornamental water plant. Umbrella Plants can tolerate some shade. Brown leaf tips will form on the Umbrella Palm plant if it is allowed to dry out. Umbrella Palm - 50 Seeds (Bog, Container, Pond plant) The most effective method to Grow Umbrella Plant: Sow Umbrella Plant seeds inside. Pre-dampen peaty starter blend. Plant the Umbrella Palm seed on a superficial level, delicately cover. Keep the seeds consistently wet until germination. Keep the seed protected from direct daylight. - Excellent decision for more modest lakes and compartment water gardens - In colder environments, umbrella palm will over-winter whenever brought inside and situated close to a bright window. - Prefers to be kept wet consistently - Tropical Plant - Average Germination time: 15-20 days - Keep seeds sodden until germination - Height: 3-5' - USDA Zone: 8-10 Items for sale by - jas_illinois Cost: US $2.95 Umbrella Palm - 50 Seeds (Bog, Container, Pond plant) Adding to your truck The thing you've chosen was not added to your truck. Add to truck Add to Watchlist Unwatch This sum incorporates material traditions obligations, charges, financier and different expenses. This sum is dependent upon future developments until you make installment. For extra data, see the Global Shipping Program agreements opens in another window or tab This sum incorporates appropriate traditions obligations, assessments, financier and different expenses. This sum is liable to change until you make installment. In the event that you live in an EU part state other than UK, import VAT on this buy isn't recoverable. For extra data, see the Global Shipping Program agreements opens in another window or tab No extra import charges on conveyance Conveyance: Assessed between Wed. Oct. 27 and Sat. Oct. 30 to 97229 Conveyance time is assessed utilizing our restrictive strategy which depends on the purchaser's nearness to the thing area, the transportation administration chose, the vender's delivery history, and different components. Conveyance times might fluctuate, particularly during top periods. Website: - https://www.ebay.com/itm/255143805827
Larix griffithii - Sikkim larch, Himalayan larch, Binya (Nepalese), Xizang hongshan (Chinese)
Conservation Status Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern Whilst logging of Larix griffithii occurs in some valleys, there are no reports that this has been or is causing a decline in the global population, which is widespread and numerous in large parts of the Himalayas. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern. The typical variety is also Least Concern and not assessed separately. Two varieties are recognized. The typical variety is relatively widespread in the eastern Himalayas while Larix griffithii var. speciosa (W.C.Cheng & Y.W.Law) Farjon is currently only known from NW Yunnan and SE Xizang. The typical variety is not threatened whereas var. speciosa has been separately assessed as Near Threatened. Larix kongboensis R.R.Mill, described from the Yarlung Zangbo river drainage in Xizang, is treated as a synonym of Larix griffithii var. griffithii. It occurs in pure forests up to the tree line, at lower elevations it is often mixed with Abies spectabilis, Abies densa, Pinus wallichiana, Picea spinulosa, Tsuga dumosa and Juniperus sp. Betula utilis and various large species of Rhododendron are the most common broad leaved trees associated with it. Logging would be of potential threat to this species if and where it was unsustainable, i.e. not allowing regeneration to productive age of the same species. Sikkim larch is of minor economic importance as a timber tree due to its occurrence in remote valleys and on high slopes. It was introduced to Britain in the 19th century but was not very successful and remains restricted to a few arboreta and other large gardens with collections of exotic trees, usually in countries or regions with a mild climate and rare occasions of frost. The main problem seems to be early flushing of leaves in regions with erratic warm spells in winter, which then get damaged by 'late' frosts. It would thus be expected to perform better in countries with a more continental, but not extreme winter cold climate. This species is present in some protected areas throughout its range. https://conifersgarden.com/encyclopedia/larix/larix-griffithii
Growing Raspberries For Beginner Gardeners
You may have recently taken up gardening, and are wondering where to start. After all, there are many different options to choose from when it comes to items to plant. You can plant cucumber, peas, zucchini, or tomatoes. However, perhaps you’d like to plant something different, an item that not every other gardener in your neighborhood will have. Why not try your hand at growing raspberries this year? If this sounds good to you, how do you get started? The first thing you need to grow any type of plant is a well-prepared bed for growing. Growing raspberries are no exception to this rule. Before planting, till up the bed making sure to pull out any perennial weeds that you find. As you till, work in some manure or compost to give your new raspberry bushes the nutrition they will need. If your soil is particularly acidic, consider adding some lime as well. The perfect pH for raspberries hovers in the 6.0 range. If you don’t know how to detect the pH of your soil, ask a gardening expert at your local nursery for instruction. Raspberries bushes do best when not waterlogged, so it is best if your bed drains well. If it does not, you can build a raised bed that will drain nicely no matter how wet the conditions in your area are. Now, you are ready to move on to the second step in growing raspberries. Now that you have a beautiful new growing bed prepared, you need to know when to plant your raspberry bushes for optimum success. Spring is the right time to plant your raspberries for two reasons. First, this is the best time of year to find healthy plants at your local nursery. Second, this gives your new plants the longest season in which to grow. You may find that you even get a few berries your very first summer when you plant early. If you aren’t able to get to planting until summer, don’t despair, you can still plant your berries then – though you probably won’t see a harvest until the following year. You can read the most detailed Raspberry grow and care guide with more than 50 varieties here: https://organicgardeningeek.com/all-about-raspberry-plant-50-varieties/ You now have your raspberry bushes planted in a well-prepared area. What next? The third step to take when growing raspberries is to provide nourishment to your bed. Though you included some compost or manure when you tilled the soil, for best results, add some on an ongoing basis or I often will also use an organic time-release fertilizer to make things easier. This will continue to provide much-needed nutrition to your budding plants, and you will be much happier with your results. The last item you need to know when growing raspberries is how to prune your new crop. In the second year, before your raspberry bushes have blossomed in early spring is the time to do so. Prune your one-year-old plants to just below the fruiting area. This will allow them to produce fruit in July. You will find new shoots growing up between the established ones as the season progresses. It is best to thin these out, to give your older stock a better harvest. The following spring, you will want to clear out the two-year-old shoots and trim the one-year-old ones to below the fruiting area just as before. So, now you know all you need to know about growing raspberries to get started! Prepare your bed, pick out some plants, and you’ll be on your way to growing your very own crop of raspberries just like the ones I have in no time!
DIY Address Number Wall Planter
You all know by now how much I love planters, pots, terrariums, etc so it should come as no surprise that I'm sharing this awesome DIY I found over on Shanty2Chic. Here's a simple walkthrough of how to create your own house number/flower planter! Depending on the supplies you choose, this costs less than $35! Supply List 1 – 5.5″ cedar fence picket 1 x 4 x 8 cedar board Metal Address Numbers Succulents (or plants of your choice but, come on, succulents!!!) 1. Using a small hand saw or a ridgid miter saw, cut your fence picket into 3 pieces that are each 18″ long. Using a drill, add 3/4″ pocket holes on two of those 3 boards you just cut (see above photo) 2. Use a drill to attach the three boards using 1 1/4″ pocket hole screws through the pocket holes. Your boards will then look like the photo above. (the back of the boards are shown) 3. Next make your 1×4 cuts. This will be your planter. I made 4 cuts… 1 – 10.5″ 2 – 3.5″ 1 – 12″ I added 3/4″ pocket holes to one side of the 10.5″ piece. Use these pocket holes to attach the planter to the planked back. These will face up and will be covered by the plants. After adding those pocket holes, attach your two 3.5″ side pieces to the 10.5″ bottom piece using Gorilla wood glue and 1.25″ brad nails. Your box should look like this so far. 4. The final step (of making the frame) is attaching the top 12″ board. Use a nailer with 1.25″ brad nails and wood glue to attach it. 5. Stain and sand (optional) then when dried, attach your metal numbers using a drill. 6. Add in your plants and attach to a wall with nails, duct mounting tape, etc! And you're done!
Picea orientalis - Caucasian spruce, Oriental spruce, Aghmosavluri Nadzvi (Georgian), Jel Kavkasskaja, Jel Vostochnaya (Russian), Doğu Ladini (Turkish)
Conservation Status Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern Picea orientalis is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category but population monitoring as well as control over logging are necessary conservation actions to avoid future decline. The species makes up coniferous and mixed forests in upper montane zone covering large areas within the distribution range. This shade-enduring and moisture-loving tree usually grows on brown forest soils but can often be found  also on stony and rocky slopes from the Black Sea coast to the Central Greater Caucasus and the eastern ends of the Trialeti ridge on the Lesser Caucasus. It forms pure stands or is associated with Abies nordmanniana, Pinus kochiana (Pinus sylvestris var. hamata), Fagus orientalis. Oriental spruce dominated forest may have various types of undergrowth, of which the Colchic type made up of evergreen shrubs and dwarf trees such as Laurocerasus officinalis, Ilex colchica, Buxus colchica, Taxus baccata, Rhododendron spp. is worth special mentioning. Selective logging, agricultural land development and insect damage are the major threats to the species although these are not thought to be causing an overall decline. Oriental spruce is an important timber tree in the Caucasus, where it forms extensive pure stands, many of which are managed for forestry. It has also been introduced as a forestry plantation tree in countries in the eastern Mediterranean. The wood of this species is of good quality, comparable to that of Norway spruce, and is put to similar uses. Among these are construction, flooring, carpentry, furniture making, and parts of musical instruments. In horticulture, this spruce is sometimes grown as a Christmas tree, but more commonly as an amenity tree for parks and large gardens in many European countries and in the USA. A good number of cultivars is in the trade, among which are dwarf forms, forms with yellowish flushing leaves and those with 'mounding' habits. Picea orientalis occurs in a number of protected areas throughout its range, e.g. Meryemana Forest (Pontic Mts., Turkey),  Kintrishi, Ritsa, Algeti Protected Areas (Georgia), Teberda Nature Reserve (Russian Caucasus). Population monitoring; species based actions such as selective logging and trade management are needed. https://conifersgarden.com/encyclopedia/picea/picea-orientalis
Paying it Forward
I started growing flowers when our kids were still really small. To put that into perspective, Elora is in her third year of college and Jasper just graduated from high school. So I have been growing flowers for a very long time.  When the kids were little, Chris was working as a mechanic down in Seattle and commuting back and forth to work every day. During the week he was hardly home and I was by myself caring for two young children so I had a lot of time to think about what I wanted to be when I grew up.  I tried out numerous small business ideas during those early years to see what would stick, including planting an heirloom cider orchard (I didn’t take into account that it would be at least five years until my first viable harvest). I raised more than a hundred chickens in our backyard for a rainbow egg business, but the birds kept escaping from their coop, and I would get angry calls from our neighbors daily.  I even tried my hand at growing miniature vegetables for local customers, but quickly realized it takes a lot of baby zucchini to make $5. I attempted so many different ideas but none of them went anywhere.  Along the way, I added flowers to my garden and started selling the extra blooms. Unlike all the other things I made or grew, flowers had the power to stir such deep emotion. Every time I delivered my homegrown blooms, complete strangers would open up and share the most beautiful stories with me.  Almost every recipient had a flower memory that they could recall as if it were yesterday. It wasn’t until I started sharing flowers, which I had grown myself, that I felt like I had finally found my calling.  From that season forward, every waking minute was devoted to the garden. I was obsessed. But I knew very little about flower farming. 
Qu'est ce que le survivalisme ?
Le survivalisme par définition est un mode de vie qui constitue à une préparation à une éventuelle catastrophe. La préparation des survivants repose principalement sur l'apprentissage des techniques de survie et des concepts médicaux. Avec la bonne préparation, le bon équipement et les bons vêtements avec notre boutique militariat, vous pouvez survivre à la forêt ou prévenir les catastrophes. L'origine du survivalisme a commencé avec l'herbertisme. Il s'agit d'un événement pour former l'officier de marine Georges Hébert. Le but de cette activité est de devenir puissant et utile. Pour ce faire, il est nécessaire de réaliser une éducation sportive, nature et utilitaire. Aux États-Unis dans les années 1960, l'inflation et la dépréciation ont incité les gens à adopter l'idée de kits de sauvetage. À partir des années 1970, certains livres sur le mot « survie » et les méthodes appropriées ont commencé à paraître. Kurt Saxon sera le premier à utiliser le terme "survivaliste". Cependant, John Pugsley publiera "Strategy Alpha" dans les années 1980. Ce livre est devenu une référence pour les survivalistes américains. Dans les années 1990, le mythe du bug du millénaire a donné un nouvel élan au mouvement survivaliste. Les divers événements catastrophiques de 2000 à nos jours continuent d'alimenter la peur et de stimuler la motivation survivaliste. La survie est parfois liée aux croyances religieuses. Être préparé signifie parfois commencer un long voyage avec la famille, les amis et les voisins, mais parfois le voyage doit être commencé seul. Ne pas se préparer, bien ou mal, à l'effondrement imminent, souvent appelé survivalisme. En revanche, il peut y avoir rupture plus ou moins normale. Ils dépendent de l'âge, du sexe, du lieu de résidence, de la formation précédente, des personnes accompagnantes, du matériel disponible... Ainsi, notre magasin survivaliste a pour objectif de regrouper au même endroit du matériel utile et de qualité, et à un prix abordable, dans le respect des grandes règles des survivalistes : eau, alimentation, énergie, hygiène/santé, défense, et blog Connaissances. Par conséquent, nous ne parlerons pas d'invasion extraterrestre...
Ait Ben Haddou Kasbah
The ksar, a group of earthen buildings surrounded by high walls, is a traditional pre-Saharan habitat. The houses crowd together within the defensive walls, which are reinforced by corner towers. Ait-Ben-Haddou, in Ouarzazate province, is a striking example of the architecture of southern Morocco. Located in the foothills on the southern slopes of the High Atlas in the Province of Ouarzazate, the site of Ait-Ben-Haddou is the most famous ksar in the Ounila Valley. The Ksar of Aït-Ben-Haddou is a striking example of southern Moroccan architecture. The ksar is a mainly collective grouping of dwellings. Inside the defensive walls which are reinforced by angle towers and pierced with a baffle gate, houses crowd together - some modest, others resembling small urban castles with their high angle towers and upper sections decorated with motifs in clay brick - but there are also buildings and community areas. It is an extraordinary ensemble of buildings offering a complete panorama of pre-Saharan earthen construction techniques. The oldest constructions do not appear to be earlier than the 17th century, although their structure and technique were propagated from a very early period in the valleys of southern Morocco. The site was also one of the many trading posts on the commercial route linking ancient Sudan to Marrakesh by the Dra Valley and the Tizi-n'Telouet Pass. Architecturally, the living quarters form a compact grouping, closed and suspended. The community areas of the ksar include a mosque, a public square, grain threshing areas outside the ramparts, a fortification and a loft at the top of the village, an caravanserai, two cemeteries (Muslim and Jewish) and the Sanctuary of the Saint Sidi Ali or Amer. The Ksar of Ait- Ben-Haddou is a perfect synthesis of earthen architecture of the pre-Saharan regions of Morocco. Criterion (iv): The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou is an eminent example of a ksar in southern Morocco illustrating the main types of earthen constructions that may be observed dating from the 17th century in the valleys of Dra, Todgha, Dadès and Souss. Criterion (v): The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou illustrates the traditional earthen habitat, representing the culture of southern Morocco, which has become vulnerable as a result of irreversible socio-economic and cultural changes Integrity (2009) All the structures comprising the ksar are located within the boundaries of the property and the buffer zone protects its environment. The earthen buildings are very vulnerable due to lack of maintenance and regular repair resulting from the abandonment of the ksar by its inhabitants. The CERKAS (Centre for the conservation and rehabilitation of the architectural heritage of atlas and sub-atlas zones) monitors, with difficulty, respect for the visual integrity of the property. Authenticity (2009) In comparison to other ksour of the region, the Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou has preserved its architectural authenticity with regard to configuration and materials. The architectural style is well preserved and the earthen constructions are perfectly adapted to the climatic conditions and are in harmony with the natural and social environment. The large houses in the lower part of the village, with well conserved decorative motifs, are regularly maintained. The construction materials used still remain earth and wood. The inclination to introduce cement has so far been unsuccessful, thanks to the continued monitoring of the «Comité de contrôle des infractions» (Rural Community, Town Planning Division, Urban Agency, CERKAS). Only a few lintels and reinforced concrete escaped its vigilance, but they have been hidden by earthen rendering. Particular attention is also paid to doors and windows giving on to the lanes, to ensure that the wood is not replaced by metal. Protection and management requirements (2009) Protection measures essentially relate to the different laws for the listing of historic monuments and sites, in particular the Law 22-80 concerning Moroccan heritage. The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou currently has a five-year management plan (2007-2012). This management plan is the result of two years of reflection and workshops involving all the persons and institutions concerned with the future of the site, in particular the local populations. The recommendations of this plan are being implemented. Furthermore, two management committees have been established (a local committee and a national one) in which all the parties are represented and cooperate in decision-making. As well as managing the property, CERKAS ensures coordination in the implementation of this management plan. visit our site for more informations...