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How Impacted COVID-19 on U.S. Shale Gas in Chemical Industry ?
Impact of COVID-19 on U.S. Shale Gas in Chemical Industry INTRODUCTION Shale gas and shale oil are defined as natural gas & oil from shale formations. Shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is made up of very small clay particles and is highly porous in nature. It is formed in deep ocean water, lagoons, wetlands, and swamps where the water is still enough for extremely fine clay and silt particles to settle to the bottom. Since shale is a porous formation, it serves as both a source and a reservoir for unconventional hydrocarbons. The extraction of oil and gas from a shale formation involves mechanical stimulation. One such technique for stimulation is hydraulic fracturing or fracking. In the fracking process, cracks in and below the Earth's surface are opened and widened by injecting water, chemicals, and sand at high pressure. The combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracking has made it possible to access vast quantities of shale gas that were previously uneconomical to generate. Natural gas output from shale deposits has given the United States natural gas industry a new lease on life. The demand for safe access to energy sources is growing globally. Shale oil and gas have played an important role in meeting global energy demand during the energy revolution and are expected to continue to do so for decades as society transitions to lower-carbon energy sources. The rapid growth of shale oil and gas contributes to increased supply stability and lower commodity prices. According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), in the year 2011, the country’s estimated available natural gas resources totaled 2,552 trillion cubic feet (Tcf). Natural gas from shale deposits, which was once considered to be uneconomical, accounted for 827 Tcf of this resource total. In the year 2020, U.S. dry shale gas production was about 26 trillion cubic feet (Tcf), and equal to about 78% of total U.S. dry natural gas production. IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON U.S. SHALE INDUSTRY Shale oil and gas exploration have, in particular, given the US oil and gas industry new dimensions of development. It has also fueled significant investment in associated infrastructure for gathering, storing, and delivering hydrocarbons to both domestic and foreign markets. In less than a decade, the US shale industry turned the global energy landscape upside down and re-established the US as the global energy leader. The onset of a global pandemic and subsequent drop in oil prices, on the other hand, has taken the momentum out of the shale boom. Due to a sudden drop in demand, the shale industry has immediately self-corrected. Many oil and gas players succumbed to the economic shock resulted from the CoVID-19 and filed for bankruptcy. Chesapeake Energy, a shale leader and once second-largest gas producer in the United States, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in late June. According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), the crude-oil output from seven major shale formations in the United states fell by around 56,000 barrels per day (BPD) in August 2020 to just under 7.5 million BPD, which would be the lowest level in two years. The shale industry is closely looped in with the oil and gas industry. The recent downfall of the oil and gas industry during the pandemic has had a severe impact on shale output. Post pandemic, the shale industry peaked, but the industry as a whole lost money. Since 2010, the US shale industry has produced USD 300 billion in net negative free cash flows, damaged more than USD 450 billion in invested capital, and seen more than 190 bankruptcies. With the advent of the coronavirus, the future for shale producers has become even bleaker, with a new bankruptcy filing occurring every week or so in the last few months. The pandemic's effects will be felt far beyond the US shale industry. Despite accounting for less than 10% of global oil and gas output, US shale oil extraction activity accounts for 40% of global shale oil extraction activity and accounts for nearly 100% of the growth in US midstream and export-oriented refining and petrochemical sectors over the last decade. STRATEGIC INITIATIVES DURING COVID-19 · Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agreed on a continuation of March production levels for the month of April, with the exception of Russia and Kazakhstan, which will be authorized to increase production by 130,000 and 20,000 barrels per day, respectively, at their most recent meeting · Saudi Arabia has also agreed to extend its one-million-barrel-per-day voluntary cut for the month of April. · Companies such as Chevron, Shell, Schlumberger, and others have taken initiatives to safeguard their workforce in the ongoing pandemic situation. CONCLUSION On Conclusion, the pandemic has placed the shale industry in a delicate spot as major players are forced to cut down the output. The potential energy landscape in the United States and around the world is highly complex, and its drivers are interconnected. In the not-too-distant future, a wave of consolidation in the US shale industry could be triggered by the poor financial position of many firms and the weak economic outlook. The continuous demand for a ban on fracking, coupled with the effect of COVID, has cracked the shale industry severely. Although, the historic evidence indicates that the shale producers operate more economically. In comparison to 2019, producers in the Permian Basin are saving roughly 20% on good costs.
Significant Impact of COVID-19 on Bulk Material Handling System in Semiconductors & Electronics Industry
COVID-19 Impact on Bulk Material Handling System in Semiconductors and Electronics Industry The lockdown situation during the COVID-19 pandemic has highly impacted the global economy. Most of the governments from different countries imposed a lockdown to break the chain of coronavirus spread. All companies related to various industries have been shut down except a few dealing with COVID-19 operations such as pharmaceutical, essential goods and services and the food industry. As a result of the COVID-19 crisis, many bulk material handling companies throughout the world have had to either temporarily close or reduce their workforces to prevent the spread of the virus. Through worldwide shortages of goods, it soon was apparent how important the world’s manufacturing and warehouse productivity is to the economy. In the bulk material handling system market, the business impact eventually proved to be less severe than first anticipated once lockdowns and restrictions were lifted. Nevertheless, the limited access to customers’ sites affected both capital and aftermarket sales of suppliers throughout the year. The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted that automation is needed for supply chains to increase efficiency. During the recent period, very few percent of supply chains felt fully prepared for the coronavirus impact. However, the bulk material handling industry can develop this situation with innovation, automation and perseverance. AFTERMATH OF GLOBAL BULK MATERIAL HANDLING SYSTEM MARKET COVID-19 pandemic affected a wide range of industries, from small to large manufacturing companies. It hampered the worldwide demand for solutions in the bulk material handling system market up to a certain extent. Limited workforce and operational restrictions negatively affected the product development life cycle. But at later stages, when lockdown restrictions were lifted, demand got stable up to a certain point. The companies developed different strategies and technologies specific to tackle problems that occurred because of the COVID-19 pandemic. For instance, · Daifuku Co., Ltd., a material handling company, stated some measures and strategies to overcome the challenges faced during the COVID-19 pandemic in their annual report 2020. To prevent the spread of COVID-19 and maintain distance from one another required a new approach to service activities for systems post-delivery. Accordingly, they are working hard to use the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI) and information and communications technology (ICT) to establish material handling systems that never stop or that will be able to recover immediately even if blocked. They will continue to support stable operations of customer facilities by introducing new technologies and services, including remote operation, while ensuring the lives, safety and health of employees and their families. Likewise, many companies have started introducing new technologies and methodologies in the COVID-19 situation to remain better positioned in the market. Losses during this period can be overcome in the future by taking this slowdown to redesign and refresh the business processes and logistics operations. OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE MARKET IN COVID-19 SITUATION Market players have an opportunity to upgrade their operations and prospective for the betterment of their companies. Automation is the key to success in this unpredictable world. Different crises, labour shortages, natural disasters impact a lot on every industry. So being one step ahead of time and understanding the market well will ensure the success of the market player. In this COVID-19 pandemic, many companies adopted process automation and customization as an opportunity to survive and grow. Some of the instances are mentioned below: § Automation to overcome labor shortage: Though recent events have worsened the labor gap, the labor shortage is not new for many industries, as more workers retire and skills requirements increase. Automation offers solutions to some of these problems. Automated Process Equipment Corporation provides solutions and services for bulk material handling companies to overcome labor shortages during this pandemic situation. Super sack handling, accurate measuring, automatic routing, easily reprogrammable controls and electronic record keeping are solutions that will improve automation and reduce the dependency on the massive number of laborers. § Customized Solutions for Booming Market: KWS Manufacturing Company Ltd. partnered up with Coperion K-Tron to provide the solution for the world’s most significant high-density polyethylene and polypropylene suppliers, which is used in consumer and industrial goods ranging from plastic bags and bottles to N95 medical masks and face shields. Due to the increased demand for polyethylene and polypropylene, expanding the client’s extrusion line required new loss-in-weight additive feeders and a mixing screw conveyor. KWS and Coperion K-Tron sales and engineering teams collaborated to ensure the extrusion line expansion would be successful. IMPACT ON SUPPLY AND DEMAND COVID-19 has disrupted the supply chain on a global scale. International trade restrictions and customs regulations resulted in longer wait times and a lack of capacity for long-haul deliverables. During this pandemic, the demand for bulk material handling solutions decreased because of the limited access to customers’ sites. This affected both capital and aftermarket sales throughout the year. Most of the companies faced challenges in managing on-time project completion and order deliveries. However, many companies took this to redesign their operation and logistic models with digital capabilities to increase operational efficiency and effectiveness in such a period. For instance, · ThyssenKrupp AG Company adopted the digitization of their business processes and supply chains in 2019-2020. Their focus was on the introduction of automation solutions which included the new mobile app “Paperless”. This app allowed digitizing day-to-day processes in warehouses such as bookings, preparation of work schedules and material identification. It also created the conditions for using other automation solutions, such as driverless transportation systems, to be used in a new state-of-the-art logistics center for ThyssenKrupp Schulte. Such positive changes and automation in the supply chain will enable the companies to emerge stronger and supply chains that are more resilient to future disruptions. CONCLUSION The global bulk material handling system market suffered losses during the recent period because of COVID-19’s negative impact on global demand and supply chains. Yearly sales for the market-related products got hampered due to limited access to customer’s sites. But relaxation in lockdown regulations after few months helped the market to somewhat come back on track. However, many companies started building new technologies to overcome supply chain problems in pandemic situations. They adopted digitization and automation in day-to-day business processes and supply chains. Although it will take some more time for companies to come back on track, this period made everyone realize the need for up-gradation in many business aspects.
Perusahaan Konsultan Human Resource IT Terbaik di Jakarta
Diabad 21 ini, era teknologi semakin berkembang dari waktu ke waktu dan sebagian besar sendi kehidupan manusia dikuasai oleh teknologi, termasuk di dalamnya adalah kaum pebisnis yang memiliki perusahaan. Persaingan antar perusahaan pun sangat ketat sekali, terutama perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang IT. Oleh karena itu, Jasa konsultan Human Resource IT untuk perusahaan sangat diperlukan karena profesi tersebut akan sangat membantu kemajuan perusahaan. Apa itu Konsultan Human Resource IT? KonsultanHuman Resource IT adalah bidang yang fokus pada bisnis memberikan saran tentang cara terbaik untuk menggunakan teknologi informasi demi memenuhi tujuan bisnis mereka. Baca Selengkapnya di: https://toghr.com/perusahaan-konsultan-human-resource-it-terbaik-di-jakarta/ Keberadaan seorang Konsultan IT di Indonesia sendiri pun tidak terlihat sebagai suatu profesi yang asing, bahkan terdapat suatu perusahaan jasa konsultan dalam bidang teknologi informasi. Mereka sebagai seorang IT Consultant sangat lah mengetahui teknologi yang berkualitas maupun kurang berkualitas yang baik bagi suatu perusahaan atau klien nya. Untuk menjadi seorang IT Consultant diperlukan suatu kemampuan atau “skill” tersendiri di bidang computer. Mereka pun juga harus dapat memahami kepribadian serta harapan seorang klien. Dalam hal ini, seorang IT Consultant juga harus memiliki kemampuan untuk dapat berkomunikasi dengan baik, karena profesi ini sangat lah berhubungan langsung dengan klien. Tugas dan tanggung jawab yang umum di pegang oleh seorang Konsultan IT diantaranya: Baca Selengkapnya di: https://toghr.com/perusahaan-konsultan-human-resource-it-terbaik-di-jakarta/ Terdapat 5 prinsip sebagai Konsultan IT, yaitu; Baca Selengkapnya di: https://toghr.com/perusahaan-konsultan-human-resource-it-terbaik-di-jakarta/ Keuntungan Memakai Jasa Konsultan Human Resource IT Untuk Perusahaan Anda Perusahaan yang memberikan jasa Konsultan Human Resource IT harus mempunyai keahlian khusus yang berkaitan dengan bidang tertentu. Baca Selengkapnya di: https://toghr.com/perusahaan-konsultan-human-resource-it-terbaik-di-jakarta/ Dengan menggunakan jasa para konsultan IT akan membuat perusahaan berkembang dapat meningkatkan kegiatan produksinya dengan baik. Sehingga mereka dapat melakukan kegiatan pemasaran lebih aktif dan maksimal. Jasa konsultan IT Indonesia membuat proses produksi pada perusahaan menjadi berkembang jauh lebih cepat. Progress perusahaan Anda akan semakin maksimal. Dari sinilah konsultan IT memberikan solusi sehingga kegiatan produksi dapat dilakukan dengan cepat. Jasa Konsultan Human Resource IT juga memiliki tenaga kerja IT ahli yang siap membantu perusahaan Anda. TOG Indonesia Salah Satu Perusahaan Konsultan IT Terbaik di Jakarta TOG Indonesia bertujuan untuk memberikan solusi yang dibutuhkan oleh perusahaan untuk bersaing dalam ekonomi digital saat ini; dimana saat ini sangat diperlukan untuk meninjau dan merevisi proses bisnis perusahaan. Dalam menghadapi tantangan global, TOG Indonesia siap membantu Anda melalui perubahan ini. Sebagai grup perusahaan, TOG Indonesia telah mendukung dan menyediakan pelanggannya solusi terdepan kelas dunia. Memberikan solusi dan layanan yang membantu pelanggan mempercepat pertumbuhan bisnis mereka. Kami percaya bahwa ini akan menciptakan nilai baru yang signifikan bagi pelanggan dan Triple One kami juga. Saat ini, Triple One Group sudah bekerjasama dengan berbagai perusahaan, mulai dari perusahaan menengah hingga besar, perusahaan lokal dan multinasional, baik di pasar Indonesia maupun luar negeri. Sistem ini didukung oleh dukungan dan layanan profesional. Sistem ini juga terus ditingkatkan untuk memenuhi persyaratan industrinya dan juga meningkatkan efisiensi dan efektifitas kebutuhan operasional perusahaan. Sumber: https://toghr.com/perusahaan-konsultan-human-resource-it-terbaik-di-jakarta/
How COVID-19 Impacted on Compostable Packaging in Materials and Packaging Industry ?
COVID-19 Impact on Compostable Packaging in Materials and Packaging Industry The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the overall packaging industry, including the compostable packaging market. The compostable packaging market is subjected to a positive and negative impact due to the sudden outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Amidst the lockdown, the market has witnessed high volume growth and better earnings due to a rise in consumption of packaged food and increasing consumer preference towards the use of compostable packaging instead of plastic packaging. According to the survey conducted by compostable flexible packaging company TIPA, it has been revealed that the surge of COVID-19 has changed the consumer perception towards the use of plastic packaging. According to their survey, despite the pandemic, around 85% of consumers believe that compostable packaging should replace general food packaging, while around 58% are willing to pay more for the packaging. Additionally, 67% of consumers have expressed concerns about increased plastic waste during the UK lockdown. This is expected to surge the demand for compostable packaging during and post-pandemic. However, the packaging industry experienced disruption in the supply chain due to the shut down of boundaries and strict lockdowns imposed by the government to control the spread of the virus. AFTERMATH OF COVID-19 AND GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES TO BOOST THE GLOBAL Compostable Packaging market The pandemic of COVID-19 created a demand for flexible packaging due to growing awareness about hygiene and safety. The packaging industry has low exposure to the COVID-19 pandemic. At the same time, some of the small players and players operating in other sectors such as cosmetics, agriculture were left more vulnerable than others. Post COVID-19 has stabilized the demand for packaging for food, beverages, and pharmaceutical industries. Moreover, the unlocking of the situation and opening boundaries by various nations have regulated the supply of raw materials. Various governments are taking initiatives to regulate the supply of packaging for food, beverages, and pharmaceutical products. Additionally, various governments are liberalizing the regulation in the packaging industry to smoothen and regulate the raw material supply for the industry. Therefore, in the post-covid period, the demand for compostable packaging will increase moderately due to its benefits, such as being lightweight, portable, easy to carry, coupled with consumer behavior continuing to follow safety regulations. STRATEGIC DECISIONS FOR MANUFACTURERS AFTER COVID-19 TO GAIN COMPETITIVE MARKET SHARE Compostable packaging is gaining popularity across various industrial sectors all over the globe. Since the lockdown of COVID-19, the packaging manufacturers are required to follow a series of mandates and procedures to battle the crisis and keep a healthy workspace environment. To combat the current situation and gain a competitive market share, the manufacturers are offering attractive packages. Various marketing strategies are being adopted by the market's key manufacturers, such as product innovation and new product development to sustain the competitive market and meet the changing consumer trends. Adopting such strategic marketing policies by various competitors will help them gain competitive market share after the COVID-19 pandemic. For instances, · In December 2020, KM Packaging launched a new range of compostable packaging products. The C-Range of bio-plastic packaging material includes shrink wrap, stretch wrap, adhesive tape, nets, and bags. This product launch will help the company to enhance its sustainable, flexible packaging product portfolio and help offer customers wide range of packaging choice · In June 2021, the Indian Government’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed plant-based packaging as an alternative to single-use plastics. The development will help the Indian Government to achieve the goal of completely ending single use plastic by next year IMPACT ON PRICE The COVID-19 has impacted the global economy growth terribly. Many organizations remained shut while others scaled down their operations or put their expansion plans on hold as they survived the unpredictable crisis. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in nationwide lockdowns, and various stringent regulations on border closing were imposed by the governments of nations across the globe, which resulted in the spike in the prices of compostable packaging. Import and export of raw materials were hampered due to the closing of the border of various nations. This resulted in an increase in the prices in countries that were dependent on the imports of packaging. At the same time, the price in the major packaging exporter countries had fallen owing to the larger production than the demand. However, the ease of lockdown and various initiatives by the Government to export and import packaging resulted in the subsequent price drop owing to its availability. The price impact on the compostable packaging market was relatively dependent on specific commodities. IMPACT ON DEMAND The COVID-19 has resulted in a surge of flexible packaging as they are considered more hygienic due to limited handling. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand for compostable packaging increased due to rising awareness amongst consumers to choose compostable packaging over plastic packaging. Growing awareness about the benefits of increased hygiene has surged compostable packaging in various industry sectors such as food, beverages, pharmaceuticals, and others. The pandemic outbreak has also resulted in compostable packaging among various regions due to rising environmental concerns caused by plastic packaging. Furthermore, the food, beverage, and pharmaceutical packaging business are demonstrating resilience in the current situation, while the companies involved in manufacturing packaging for sectors such as hospitality, cosmetics, and travel are witnessing a stagnant demand. IMPACT ON SUPPLY CHAIN The COVID-19 pandemic has highly disrupted the supply chain of raw materials used to manufacture compostable packaging. It was attributed to the lack of resources and transportation, which led to lower access, delayed stock, and supplies of raw materials products. Additionally, many governments restricted the movement of goods across the countries, and the entire supply chain was distorted. Due to the disrupted supply chain, transportation of raw materials has been interrupted, stalling production. Similarly, inflated prices and halt on production of compostable packaging have resulted in the unmet demand for compostable packaging in various end-users such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical, automotive, and other industries. Further, as there was a tremendous increase in demand for compostable packaging by pharmaceutical, food, and beverage sectors due to rising demand for convenience food and portable and handy hygiene products, the distribution had been significantly disrupted. CONCLUSION COVID- 19 pandemic has taken a toll on the population and economy. A collaborative effort on governments, public health departments, and hospital fraternity to fight the coronavirus has led to economic slowdowns, lockdowns, and extreme public safety measures. Due to the increasing health consciousness among the consumers, the demand for compostable packaging has constantly increased in the COVID–19 pandemic periods. It is likely to increase to avoid plastic packaging. This is mainly because of preventive measures the consumers follow for the COVID-19, which involves the intake of a healthy diet and consumer trend towards sustainable packaging. However, the supply chain has disrupted during the outbreak scenario because the demand was more for these products. Unlocking of lockdown and opening of boundaries across the world is expected to normalize the supply chain for the market, further attributing to the growth of the global compostable packaging market.
How COVID-19 Impacted Additive Manufacturing Market in Pharmaceutical Industry ?
COVID-19 Impact on Additive Manufacturing in Pharmaceutical Industry The outbreak of Coronavirus has caused many industries to change the way they operate, and manufacturing industry is no exception. Also, the rise in demand of antiviral drugs was observed along with decrease in demand of drugs for other ailments. The European Fine Chemical Group estimated that 80% and upward of chemicals used in the making pharmaceuticals sold in the Europe region originate from China and India. Everyday millions of patients rely on drugs manufactured and supplied by pharmaceutical industries; shortage of any particular medicine may create chaos. Manufacturers served throughout the pandemic and are still operating to prevent such turmoil. IMPACT ON DEMAND The Coronavirus led to the widespread closure of local manufacturing plants and companies and has badly affected the various region of world. Due to extensive lockdown and isolation the economic activity has affected adversely which has impacted the global economic activity. Manufacturers began to diversify sourcing of raw materials along with investment in spreading production in different regional markets instead of concentrated markets such as India and China. Likely to be long term effect is reindustrialization of pharmaceutical production in countries such as the United States and Europe in order to minimize dependency on imported products, this would lead to rise in demand of additives in above mentioned countries. Moreover the increasing cases of COVID-19 have also paved the way for enhanced demand of additives but due to movement restrictions same decrease in sales was recorded. For instance, · In January 2021, BASF SE had no indication of any major effect on the global activities and supply chain of our BASF Nutrition & Health sector comprising of BASF Pharma Solutions, BASF Animal Nutrition, BASF Human Nutrition, BASF Enzymes and BASF Fragrance Ingredients owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. · In 2020, DuPont de Nemours, Inc. recorded decrease in earning of excipients sales, which belonged to Nutrition and Biosciences segment. This thus signifies that increasing prevalence of COVID-19 poses a life threatening effect to various types of patients already suffering from several kinds of disease among the most recent known COVID-19 pandemic. Thus the demand of effective treatment option that is antiviral drug has enhanced the supply for short term. This thus demonstrates that COVID-19 is accelerating the demand of additive market. PRICE IMPACT Throughout year 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic caused economic turmoil globally, the pharmaceutical industry in particular had to adapt quickly to minimize the impact on its operations and supply chain of drugs worldwide. Raw materials and additives rates have increased due to reduced supplies and delayed manufacturing plans, and shut downs in some countries. The price of additives and raw materials has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic due to numerous air travel restrictions and inefficiency to supply products. For instance, · The shortage has begun to affect API and bulk prices in trades, the average increase in India was reported to be about 10-15%, and is estimated to reach 50% in some cases. · WACKER Chemie AG a Germany based company is about to raise its prices for dispersions and solid resins in Europe, Africa and Middle East region stating that this measure has been necessitated by rise in price of raw materials cost in market. · The Edelweiss Securities predicted that COVID-19 pandemic would cause severe supply disruptions in pharma sectors causing earing cuts by 15%. But globally pharma companies are performing well, in short term most companies are expected to bounce back in five years. This thus signifies that due to COVID-19 pandemic the price of additives used in pharmaceutical productions have increased due to Coronavirus outspread. IMPACT ON SUPPLY As COVID-19 spreading began in China the surge of medicines has been enhanced due to increasing patient’s volume which put a pressure over the supply of pharmaceutical additives. Moreover the COVID-19 pandemic has changed the business environment for more organizations across the globe. Around the world many companies are hugely reliant on supplies and production in China. However the market players are adopting several initiatives in order to maintain a continuous supply of additives. For instance, · As per the news of September, 2020 this has been suggested that Sandoz is working closely with the Association for Accessible Medicines in order to enhance the global pharmaceutical supply chain. · In 2020, Ashland which is an essential supplier, their supply chain continued to operate safely receive, process and ship specialty products during COVID-19. · As per November 2020 Merck KGaA a company specialized in additives and chemicals stated that it continued to leverage their business continuity plans including risk mitigation activities, accelerated investments and adjusted production schedules for few high demand products. · According to the news of March 2020, Roquette Frères stated that they are working in order to minimize the COVID-19 impact on its supply chain. · As per February 2020, FDA closely monitored supply chain with the possibility of potential disruptions in supply of critical medical products in the U.S. Manufacturers alerted FDA about recently added drugs in drugs shortage list. · DFE Pharma claims that their continued production and supply during the pandemic was not affected in Netherlands, India, Germany and New Zealand. Apparently due to COVID-19 effects on global transport industry the shipping companies are charging more than usual. This suggests that increasing prevalence of COVID-19 poses threat for maintaining a continuous supply chain of additives while initiative adopted by market players allows them to manage a continuous supply chain. STRATEGIC DECISIONS OF MANUFACTURERS Additive manufacturing companies are taking so many strategic decisions in order to cope up with the current scenario of COVID-19 pandemic. The companies engaged in manufacturing of additive manufacturers are collaborating so as to accelerate the market growth. Companies have already taken several kinds of strategic initiatives in order to cope up with the Coronavirus situation. Strategic initiatives by market players such as Dow, Ashland, Kerry, BASF SE among others in the market will help them to expand their network and supply chain. This in turn will lead to increasing product sales and hence will enhance the overall company’s revenue. For instance, · In May 2020, Dow during the COVID-19 pandemic was working closely with government officials and medical professionals, using guidance to adjust plans as warranted. · In April 2020, the U.K.’s Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) published guidelines on Exceptional GMP flexibilities which allow manufacturers to increase their production capability to minimize risk of product shortage using quality risk management principles and to navigate through international travel restrictions imposed due to COVID-19. · In April 2020, Lubrizol enabled 1 Billion bottles of hand sanitizer globally every month to increase its Carbopol polymer production, which is used as a thickener. The increasing demand and sales of antiviral drugs are fuelling the growth of additive manufacturing in pharmaceutical market. Thus, companies operating in the additive manufacturing in pharmaceutical market are adopting several strategies, including agreements, market expansion to enhance their business. These strategic decisions by the market players helped them to attain a lucrative growth even during the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSION As the pandemic of COVID-19 has resulted in several restrictions throughout the borders but still manufacturers of additive manufacturing in pharmaceutical are able to manage their stocks. The demand and supply of pharmaceutical products increased rapidly due to given medical emergency. Drug shortage caused due to the pandemic is expected to remain limited this way for a short period, also if the pandemic exceeds the shortage of pharmaceutical APIs, chemicals and additives may persist on causing shortage of supply in long run. This would also effect complications in distribution especially due to population movement restrictions across the globe. Various manufacturers are continuously engaging in constantly monitoring the supply chain so as to attain a lucrative growth. The activities and certain changes from COVID-19 would reduce dependency of private pharmaceuticals on alone suppliers such as China.
How COVID-19 Impacted on Active, Smart & Intelligent Packaging in Chemicals & Materials Industry ?
Impact of COVID-19 on Active, Smart and Intelligent Packaging in Chemicals and Materials Industry The COVID-19 pandemic has influenced the whole planet with its major impacts on the economy and businesses across the globe. The COVID-19 spread worldwide in unprecedented ways due to its high infectious and contagious nature and lack of availability of its vaccine. As a result, the greatest medical challenge in the 21st century is yet to be faced by physicians worldwide. Though the emergence of the virus can be traced back to Asia, many European countries along with the U.S. have been struck massively by the pandemic. The virus has spread across all regions ranging from North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East, and Africa up to South America. The COVID-19 has been declared as a pandemic by World Health Organization (WHO) due to its increased spread across the globe. After the declaration of the pandemic, various countries announced the complete lockdown such as India, China, and other Asian countries to decrease its spread. According to the latest situation report by World Health Organization (WHO) stated 175 million cases of Corona have been reported globally and 4 million patients are dead due to the coronavirus. On a slightly positive note, a total of 158 million people have recovered and a total of 2 million vaccine doses have been administered as well. Manufacturers mostly utilize active, smart, and intelligent packaging to preserve the nutritional content and freshness of their products. This worldwide trade is driven by sophisticated and improved transportation infrastructure that allows items to be moved from one location to another without damage. External factors, such as air and temperature, do not affect the real operation of active packaging, which is referred to as product packaging. However, the spread of COVID-19 is an unprecedented worldwide public health crisis that has impacted nearly every business, and its long-term consequences are expected to have an influence on industry growth throughout the projection period. COVID-19 has resulted in changes in consumer behaviour and demand, purchasing patterns, supply chain rerouting, current market dynamics, and substantial government engagement. Economic insecurity caused by the pandemic had also triggered the investors in both public and private sectors to reconsider the STRATEGIC DECISIONS FOR MANUFACTURERS AFTER COVID-19 TO GAIN COMPETITIVE MARKET SHARE The manufacturing sector of smart packaging materials was one of the most damaged sectors by COVID-19. The new Coronavirus developed in China, which is home to the vast majority of facilities supplying raw materials to various production units across the world. Several steps were taken to increase international cooperation among the countries to promote investments and also to improve the ease of doing business inside the nations. Also, various relief measures were provided for manufacturers in the packaging industry. New and existing projects were given a kick start by inviting technological innovations supported by the government. For instance, § Rapid industrialization and urbanization in India, China, and other Asian nations, together with the adoption of smart and energy-efficient technologies used for packaging purposes, have a favourable impact on active, smart and intelligent packaging market demand investment decisions in terms of taking up new construction-based projects. AFTERMATH OF COVID-19 AND GOVERNMENT INITIATIVE TO BOOST THE GLOBAL ACTIVE, SMART AND INTELLIGENT PACKAGING MARKET The government had taken many steps to ensure the availability of raw materials by keeping track of the supply and demand of the intermediate goods for producing packaging materials. Alongside, the government of various countries is also taking action like providing subsidies for raw materials, supporting the domestic producers with short-term loans to assist SMEs (small and medium enterprises) and local manufacturers engaged in the production of smart and active packaging boxes, and cartons. For instance, The Government of India intends to construct green infrastructure for the e-commerce sector to balance environmental efficiency with energy conservation, fuelling the demand for smart and active packaging materials IMPACT ON DEMAND The major sectors of the packaging market are the food industry and e-commerce business, as a major part of the demand for packaging, boxes come from these units. The restaurant and hotel sector was one of the sectors that suffered the burden of COVID-19. The demand for restaurant foods was likewise sluggish, as people were mainly prioritizing the health requirements over any other requirements. Furthermore, the emergence of remote-based work facilities had reduced the need for office buildings along with its canteen foods and hence affecting the global active, smart and intelligent packaging market. IMPACT ON PRICE The worldwide active, smart, and intelligent packaging market is extremely fragmented, with several small and big competitors competing on price and quality. Due to the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand for packaging materials had seen a severe downfall since May 2020, resulting in the fluctuation of the prices of raw materials used for making smart boxes and containers. The rise in prices of basic materials caused by the pandemic, as well as a scarcity of stock with wholesalers, had posed a problem for many small and large-scale projects, affecting the global active, smart and intelligent packaging market. IMPACT ON SUPPLY CHAIN The global coronavirus pandemic had put the contemporary global supply chain to the test like never before. The pandemic had a genuinely global impact, causing many fractures in numerous supply chains like component suppliers, production locations, and in the last mile to the end-users. The production process came to a pause due to the shortage of laborers in almost all the manufacturing sites. Due to a ban on interstate travel, the supply chain also suffered as a result of the emigration of migrant workers. The shutdown of distribution and trade routes has affected the supply channel, resulting in the rise of the operating costs of raw materials. During that situation, all the manufacturers of road marking materials were facing issues with the timely availability of raw materials. CONCLUSION Pandemic has taken a toll on every aspect of life, including the global economy. With the significant downfalls in many sectors, a collaborative effort of government, industry players, and consumers can win the fight against COVID-19. It continues to inflict the world with appalling economic and social dilemmas, capable enough to leave severe backlash on the economy for the next several years. The first wave had already inflicted severe blows to the population as well as the economy. The currently experiencing the second wave is expected to be more disastrous not only to the masses but also to CnM markets. Active, smart, and intelligent packaging boxes are widely utilized in the food sector and e-commerce sector due to their numerous applications, varying from the packing of food and different goods in the container for transportation. The COVID-19 pandemic had caused substantial obstacles to global supply chains. Due to a dip in restaurant activities, the demand for packaging materials had faced a sharp decline in many regions. Repeated nationwide curfews and shutdowns continue to hamper or even halt the movement of raw materials and completed goods, causing manufacturers to suffer. Manufacturing and distribution issues were likely the most visible disturbances to all types of chemical markets. However, the government of various countries had opted for various policies to strengthen international partnerships, diversification of suppliers, and innovation for reducing the need for certain resources, and circular economy techniques to boost economic activities of the entire world.
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Using Big Electric Heaters to Get Rid Of Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are nasty little blood-sucking bugs. The tiny ones are called ‘nymphs’ and the adults are described as ‘apple seeds with legs’. They come pretty close to you when you are asleep in bed and if you are spending a year abroad or are on a vacation, they will wait for you to get back home. Killing them is an absolute essential and heat treatment by using big bed bug electric heater strategically placed at different corners of your home is one way by which you can avoid the use of chemical and other kinds of treatment. How exterminators can defeat them First of all, in any case, the DIY pest control option is not a good idea. Bed bugs are extremely vulnerable to high temperatures and some insecticides, though now they have grown increasingly resistant to the latter. As chemical treatment needs bagging or removing many household items and even throwing some away, the inconvenience combined with the presence of harmful chemicals at your home doesn’t make it a very suitable option. Freezing treatment Using the freezing treatment, the exterminators blast the bad bugs for you. This treatment uses pressurized carbon dioxide, “snow”. Heat treatment A popular method is where the exterminators use large electric heaters in your home, raising up the heat to about 135 degree F for the heat treatment. This treatment works by drying up the bugs’ bodies. When the temperature is set above 118 degree F, they die quickly but the trick here is to expose every single corner of your place to that temperature. That is the reason why you cannot just do it yourself by turning up your home thermostat and sweating it out for a while as like that, it won’t get hot enough. In fact, with this the places where bed bugs like to hide will stay much cooler than the open areas. Don’t worry, an experienced bed bug expert will always use sensors to keep on checking the temperature in all the nooks and crannies. They will keep the heat on for an hour or more hopefully killing all the bugs and their eggs in your home. Though this heat will not damage most of your household items, you will still have to remove certain things like, pets, oil paintings and meltable plastics. Worrying about the bed bug extermination cost? Well, a popular team of bed bug experts based out of Nashville offers splendid service at a reasonable price! Author Resource:- David has over 10 years of experience in writing about different pest control and extermination services.
How COVID-19 Impacted on Polydiethylsiloxane Based Products (PES) in Chemicals & Materials Industry ?
COVID-19 Impact on Polydiethylsiloxane Based Products (PES) in Chemicals and Materials Industry PolydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES) refer to the type of high-performance polymer materials available with indifferent chemical properties such as low flammability. The polydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES) have a wide range of applications in many industries such as personal care, healthcare, textile, and several other areas. PolydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES) have a huge amount of durable power that improves the efficiency of the final products. Thus due to the COVID-19 outbreak, the demand for such products has to hamper because of the complete lockdown scenario. But the limited production capacities, lack of workers at the factory level, and supply chain interruptions continue to cause difficulties for the manufacturers in the market. Though, the manufacturers are constantly working with the chemical individuals to stabilize the demand for polydiEthylsiloxane based products. The overall sentiment of COVID-19 has weakened the consumer's interest in polydiEthylsiloxane based products and has minimized its usage. The government and other trade associations are trying to maintain the demand level and thus have taken various steps to equilibrium the demand and supply of the polydiEthylsiloxane based products in the market. AFTERMATH OF COVID-19 AND GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES TO BOOST THE GLOBAL POLYDIETHYLSILOXANE BASED PRODUCTS (PES) MARKET In the aftermath of COVID-19, the government has taken various steps in order to maintain the demand and supply of chemicals. The government is also supporting local producers to boost the demand and supply cycle, which hamper due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The government has decided to extend financial and procedural support to domestic companies to kick start local production. The government is considering various stimulus packages to boost the chemical industry. STRATEGIC DECISIONS FOR MANUFACTURERS AFTER COVID-19 TO GAIN COMPETITIVE MARKET SHARE PolydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES) are a major part of the cosmetics and personal care industry. The breakout of coronavirus has shaken the entire chemical industry. Due to this pandemic, most of the production got hit and created a panic situation worldwide. Thus, to maintain the demand and supply, the government took various strategic decisions for the manufacturers. The government supported the local manufacturers getting the raw materials at reasonable rates, which started availing at higher prices. This step helped the manufacturers obtain raw materials at a much lower cost and saved huge amounts of loss. Also, various governments have extended support to small and medium enterprises to reduce dependence on imports, and domestic demands can be catered. IMPACT ON PRICE The prices of polydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES) have been affected due to COVID-19. Also, the downfall in the supply of products in the global market has largely impacted the prices. On the other hand, the government imposed a lockdown in every country. It also canceled all domestic and international flights, which affected the prices of polydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES) and their raw materials. The manufacturers followed the government rules and regulations regarding COVID-19 and tried to start a new manufacturing unit in a different region, impacting the price of polydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES). So, they have shown an imbalance in the overall pricing of the polydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES). IMPACT ON DEMAND The polydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES) have witnessed a dip in demand in various regions due to weak requirements from end-user in the industry, especially in personal care, textile, and several other industries. Due to the economic slowdown, the demand for such products except essential commodities has decreased, eventually reducing the consumption of the things used in them. Also the decline in various production activities, the demand for industrial materials has faced a significant hit. In this way, the demand for the entire chemicals and materials market has been impacted. IMPACT ON SUPPLY CHAIN Due to the outbreak of COVID-19, the supply chain has suffered abruptly. Manufacturers have stock, but they are not getting demand for it. So, there is a situation of oversupply in the market. In this situation, both manufacturers and consumers are facing the timely availability of raw materials. The restriction over transportation and labor availability is another factor that has affected the supply chain of polydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES). At several parts, the manufacturers are struggling for raw material reach, and at the same time, some are struggling with delivering the product. Thus, the impact on supply is not due to one factor but is facing a hit from other manufacturing points. CONCLUSION The pandemic has taken a toll on every aspect of life, including the global economy. With the significant downfalls in many sectors, a collaborative effort of government, industry players, and consumers can win the fight against COVID-19. It continues to inflict the world with appalling economic and social dilemmas, capable enough to leave severe backlash on the economy for the next several years. The first wave had already inflicted severe blows to the population as well as the economy. The currently experiencing second wave is expected to be more disastrous to the masses and several markets. Firstly, the trade war between China and the U.S. has impacted the economy and the outbreak of COVD-19. These two unfortunate events have led to disturbance in the availability and the pricing of various market growth, including polydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES). Though the imbalance between demand and supply and its impact on pricing is considered short-term, it will not have a long-term impact on price. Due to the continuous dropping requirements in application, the manufacturer’s margin is also declining, which they earn from providing polydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES) to various areas. Also, with the continuously dropping requirements of chemicals and materials used in various production activities, the manufacturers’ margin is declining, which they earn from the supply of polydiEthylsiloxane based products (PES). The government is taking steps such as relaxation on tax, fiscal deficit, and others to minimize the impact and maintain the equilibrium in the global market.
Significant Impact of COVID-19 on Eco-Friendly Packaging | Materials & Packaging Industry
COVID-19 Impact on Eco-Friendly Packaging in Materials and Packaging Industry INTRODUCTION Eco-friendly packaging is a kind of environmentally-friendly packaging usually composed of recycled or renewable materials considered sustainable for both individuals and the environment. It is also known as sustainable packaging or green packaging. Eco-friendly packaging can help decrease carbon emissions and create notably limited waste, thereby playing an important role in keeping the planet healthy. There are plenty of alternative packaging solutions that are biodegradable and recyclable such as paper, cardboard, corn starch, bagasse paper, and others. Moreover, some plastics and metals can be recycled, such as PET bottles, milk jugs, shampoo bottles, ice cream tubs, takeaway tubs, plastic utensils, plastic bags, and steel cans. Although, the coronavirus pandemic has introduced different challenges for the economy and businesses across the globe. Lockdowns have strongly impacted the industrial transform processes that have existed for a long time. Impact on demand and decreased investment have caused major disruptions in supply chains and trading patterns in the global eco-friendly packaging market. COVID-19 is a respiratory disease, and there is no indication that food itself is a vector of its transmission. However, coronavirus, and measures to control its spread, have had profound implications for packaging, such as food security, nutrition, and food systems. This chaos in supply chains affected mainly packaging food availability in some cases, especially where proper packaging could not reach markets, putting pressure on prices on some scarce goods. UPCOMING FUTURE OF GLOBAL ECO-FRIENDLY PACKAGING MARKET After the COVID-19, the eco-friendly packaging market will increase in upcoming years because eco-friendly packaging development is a global objective that aims to address the societal challenge of climate action, the environment, resource efficiency, and raw materials. In this sense, an essential strategy is the promotion of green packaging, that is, the use of sustainable materials and designs for the packaging of goods. Moreover, the influence of eco-friendly packaging on the industry and purchasers, including the design and materials used in sustainable packaging, its costs, marketing strategies, and corporate social engagement related to green packaging, drives the market. The impact of eco-friendly packaging in waste management, logistics, and supply chain management also contributes to driving the global eco-friendly packaging market. STRATEGIC DECISIONS FOR GLOBAL ECO-FRIENDLY PACKAGING MARKET AFTER COVID-19 TO GAIN COMPETITIVE MARKET SHARE The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the world economy but governments, have tried to address and mitigate the challenges of COVID-19 and recover from the economic and social crises. These include eco-friendly recovery measures in their policy packages to address the pandemic's short- and medium-term socio-economic impacts. Few measures were not targeted at green sectors or activities. Nevertheless, they are likely to impact the environmental outcomes positively or negatively. Governments across the globe realize the importance and advantages of eco-friendly packaging. It is considered an opportunity to undertake an extensive and fundamental restructuring of critical sectors and activities to support the transition to low-emission, climate-resilient, and resource-efficient economies in socially inclusive ways. There are several actions taken by governments of some nations, such as the Paris Agreement for sustainable development goals and other international environmental agreements, such as the Aichi biodiversity goal, which will improve the well-being of communities and societies over the near future. On the other hand, the government and eco-friendly packaging industries work together to boost the global eco-friendly packaging market. In Canada, Botanical Paperwork is an example of a company that offers a variety of plan table seed paper goods, including many sustainable, eco-friendly packaging options, that can develop into wildflowers, herbs, and vegetables. Moreover, an eco-friendly California marketing company specializes in customized products that include plantable business cards that come flat or folded with a selection of bulbs. This company’s products are made without harmful chemicals out of a hundred percent recycled materials and printed with vegetable-based inks. IMPACT ON PRICE During coronavirus, the industry has caused a huge shutdown, and sustainable industry stopped their manufacturing products, which negatively impacted the eco-friendly packaging market. Due to this, the shortage has driven prices too high. Millions of people worldwide were infected with COVID-19 disease. Except for the medical supplies and life support products, most industries have been greatly impacted, and the eco-friendly packaging market is no exception to it. There was an increased consumption in health care industries, medical equipment, and hygiene products to protect from the virus. In which eco-friendly packaging had a crucial role to play by packaging these commodities. This has impacted the price significantly. IMPACT ON DEMAND The spread of coronavirus has caused a vast shortage of eco-friendly packaging and, due to shut down in many factories, workers were going back home. The pandemic crisis has already led to some of the sharpest declines in demand for certain types of packaging. At the same time, it accelerated growth for others—such as packaging for e-commerce shipments that are emerging as lifelines in this new world. Such changes are presenting majority packaging companies with a new set of challenges. According to the plastic recycling expert Vanden Recycling UK MD David Wilson, there has been a partial shift in public attitude towards plastic during the pandemic. The world is seeing ongoing demand for plastic packaging and increased use in some areas. That is going hand-in-hand with the ability to recycle packaging and the inclusion of recycled content. There has been no reduction in demand for PET and HDPE for use in plastic bottles, and other polymers are also in demand for other plastic packing applications. Therefore, the need for eco-friendly packages is likely to increase undoubtedly. However, it will continue to face stiff competition from substitute packaging materials. IMPACT ON SUPPLY CHAIN The COVID-19 has adversely affected the supply chain of inputs for many businesses, with lockdown policies affecting the movement of people and business operations such as transportation of goods and others. Since most countries restricted borders due to COVID-19, the volume of exports and imports has reduced and, retailers have found it challenging to deliver their products. On the other hand, the important relationship between packaging and logistics has been observed during the pandemic, and a new idea emerged called ‘Sustainable Packaging Logistics’ (SPL). SPL represents a link between green packaging and green transportation. Because both are eco-friendly, one green transportation comprises those modes of transportation that do not depend on diminishing natural resources like fossil fuels. These transportation modes rely on renewable energy sources. Another one is green packaging uses materials and manufacturing techniques to diminish energy use and reduce the harmful impacts of packaging on the environment. CONCLUSION Eco-friendly packaging, also known as green or sustainable packaging, is an emerging area of interest for scholars, researchers, and practitioners worldwide. It has also been observed that the enthusiasm to acquire eco-friendly packaged products of a significant number of buyers is also reliant on value. Moreover, from the business perspective, it has been witnessed that organizations are being forced to adapt green packaging initiatives due to the societal pressure derived from environmental concerns or customers. Thus, during coronavirus, the government took a highly significant and diplomatic decision by which the situation is expected to improve over the coming years economically. Also, it has created favorable conditions for business activities and, at the same time, has increased the level of preparedness for the crisis in the future.
How Impacted COVID-19 on Benzene in Chemicals and Materials Industry ?
COVID-19 Impact on Benzene in Chemicals and Materials Industry INTRODUCTION Aromatic compounds are organic chemical compounds that are derived during the distillation of crude oil in refineries. Some of the major aromatic compounds are benzene, toluene, aniline, cumene, styrene, xylene, and others. Benzene is one of the simplest (in terms of composition) and a widely used aromatic compound. It is obtained as a co-product during steam cracking of gas oil. Other than this, benzene is also obtained during catalyst reforming of hydrocarbons. It is also used to make other aromatic compounds such as nitrobenzene, cumene, ethyl benzene, and others. The entire world is facing the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in various sectors and industries. As China is the producer and supplier of most of the raw materials or inputs in various industries, the outbreak of the virus in China has disrupted the entire economy. China being the most significant producer and consumer for chemicals, the entire aromatic chemicals industry has been affected. After China, the chemical industry will be affected severely in India and the U.S. The outbreak of novel coronavirus in China had the most critical impact across the Chinese chemical industry, as the movement of all types of chemicals inside the country and outside the country had suffered. Most of the industries were shut down from the beginning of January 2020, which restricted both demand and supply for benzene. Industrial, traffic, and social activities were largely suspended in China, effectively reducing the intensity of pollution emissions and air pollution levels. As per the data published by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China PM10, PM2.5, SO2, and NO2 in 337 cities in China decreased by 30.0%, 27.3%, 23.1% and 28.0%, respectively, compared with the values for February of 2020, and the decline was more significant than other winter months. GLOBAL IMPACT The entire chemical industry including aromatic chemical compounds has witnessed a decline of more than 5% earlier this year. This decline percentage has increased to around 20% as the effect of coronavirus has intensified. Also, the sudden outbreak of second wave has again hit the market and the supply chain, which was into the building zone, got demolished once again. The appearance of new variants of COVID-19 has still positioned a threat on the market. Major reason behind the continuous decline is raw material and labor shortages as well as government-mandated plant shutdowns. Also, the dual impact of the pandemic that resulted in shutdown and the March 2020 oil price collapse has exacerbated the oversupply situation that some U.S. chemical producers already faced. This resulted in dip in demand in both local and global markets. The benzene market is dependent on various raw material inputs, such as oil, gas, coal, minerals, and bio-based materials. Apart from this, any impact on end-user companies will have huge implication over the industry. Benzene is used across a broad range of industries to manufacture various chemicals used to produce plastics, resins, and nylon and synthetic fibers. Benzene is also used to make some types of lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents, drugs, and pesticides. All these industries are facing downturn in almost all parts of globe and thus have resulted in decreased demand for benzene and other aromatic compounds. IMPACT ON DEMAND After the outbreak, the demand for benzene has been observed inconsistent across distinct segments. Before the COVID-19 eruption, benzene ranked in the top 20 chemicals for production volume. As it works as a raw material for production of plastics, resins, and nylon and synthetic fibers along with lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents, drugs, and pesticides, many industries are dependent on it. Any impact on the demand of these products, directly impacts the demand of benzene. Soon before the challenge of the pandemic is over and market conditions return to pre-outbreak stages, benzene suppliers will need to make well-informed structural adjustments and restructure their firms to handle this uneven demand scenario. As benzene can also be prepared naturally through volcanoes and fire outburst in forests, many countries have noticed higher benzene concentration. This has definitely increased the production of benzene, but the demand is still struggling to match up the mark. In some countries, as the nation was facing lockdown, many industries were shut, the amount of benzene is air was reduced by 62%. IMPACT ON CHEMICAL MANUFACTURING COMPANY For companies that are into the production of benzene or any other aromatic compounds, the pandemic has had a mixed effect. For certain product lines, low oil prices lowered raw material costs, although the closure of Chinese plants also allowed factories from Europe, the U.S. and India to fill the gap and raise order intakes. Disruptions in the supply chain, however, have contributed to sourcing difficulties for many suppliers. Significant logistics difficulties are also faced by industries relying on Chinese raw materials. Major effect on demand and supply of benzene was felt by the suppliers in Q2 of 2021 rather than in Q4 of 2020. Reduced earnings have already been announced by various aromatic compound manufacturers for Q1 2020. Though many emerging economies have lifted the lockouts, it is not expected that the demand will rise significantly, so these businesses will mostly undergo a U-shaped recovery. Once factories reopen and supply chains become more fluid, benzene producers are most likely to meet their current order obligations before the end of 2020. How early lockdowns are removed in different parts of the world and how rapidly the world will recover from the pandemic will depend on the time taken and scale of recovery. RESTRICTION ON LOGISTIC SUPPORT The restriction on logistics has been the main challenge for all sectors of the industry. The countries were divided into divided into thousands of islands by the isolation policy when the spread of coronavirus was on its peak. There was huge restriction on movement of people and goods. In a bid to contain the virus, people and cargoes were separated between provinces, cities, towns or even villages. The railways were also stopped in several countries and where it continued to operate, the loading & unloading have been constrained by a shortage of labor resulting at one point in the transport capability dropping by some 50%. Transportation has been seriously impacted. As for cross-border travel by vehicles, if the route had not already been closed, the drivers had to be quarantined for two weeks. Vehicle traffic was often constrained by the provinces coming from states or areas where the crisis was worst. Transportation via water sources was the only alternative left, but even in that situation, many ports declined to work and offer their services. For instance, ports in Jiangsu, refused barges from Hubei to dock. Logistics continue to be a problem for the sector even after the change in the overall conditions. While there are no government road blockages, both for transport purposes and at the plants themselves, there is still a lack of labor. It is expected that it will take some weeks still before normal activity across the whole industry is resumed. In the meantime, supply of Chinese benzene has tightened prompting prices to firm both in the domestic and export markets. TRENDS THAT EMERGED POST COVID-19 IN BENZENE MARKET The speed of business-to-business (B2B) trade adoption in chemicals has been slower than in other B2B sectors until recently. Chemical transactions on US B2B e-commerce websites are increasing at a compound annual growth rate of 3.7 percent (CAGR; 2017-2020), compared with a CAGR of 13.6 percent during the same period for total US B2B e-commerce sales. In a recent study, two-thirds of 76 managers of the chemical industry shared their reliance on other market goals or capability constraints as the key reasons why digital commerce has not been embraced more rapidly by the chemical industry to date. CONCLUSION The chemical industry and aromatic chemical compounds market is in the recovery phase. Initially, the industry had to face severe outcomes as China was the first country where this disease was spread and China itself is the major producer of chemicals. Because of this the entire world market was disturbed. Now when the China has almost recovered from this disease, the rest of the world is still struggling and thus, the industry is not up with full capacity. Things will take time, but the benzene market will buck up soon as they are the pillars of global economy. The Ministry is constantly making efforts so that the industry can once again be back on track and the availability of all raw materials and products will become normal.
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