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Saxegothaea conspicua - Prince Albert’s yew, Saxegothaea, Maniú , Mañío, Mañío Hembra , Mañío Macho, Mañío de Hojas Cortas (Spanish)

Conservation Status
Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened
Currently Saxegothaea conspicua has a relatively continuous distribution, particularly in the Andes. However, in Chile logging and fire wood extraction still occurs within its habitat and if this continues then there is the possibility of the population becoming severely fragmented, particularly in the Coastal Cordillera where most forest destruction occurs. However, presently the loss of habitat has not been sufficient for it to qualify for listing under criterion B and the population of mature individuals is too large to qualify for criteria C or D. There is a possibility that it could be listed as Vulnerable (VU) under criteria A2, A3 or A4, but more information concerning rates of deforestation and past population sizes is required. Argentinian populations are reported to be too small to affect the global listing. Presently it should be listed as Near Threatened (NT) but this species requires continued monitoring, especially in terms of selective felling and range reduction due to fire or changes in land use. Future reassessments could find that it would qualify for VU under criterion B or even criterion A if information on reduction rates are obtained. It is an extremely shade tolerant species and capable of root-suckering.  It is most abundant in the wetter Valdivian rainforest where it is commonly associated with Laureliopsis philippiana, Nothofagus dombeyi and Nothofagus nervosa. In the coastal Cordillera it occurs at low altitudes on poorly-drained marine and fluvio-glacial deposits or between 400-950 m above sea-level on shallow soils developed from micaschists (Lusk 1996). In these sites it is commonly associated with Drimys winteri, Ammomyrtus luma, Dasyphyllum diacanthoides, Eucryphia cordifolia and Weinmannia trichosperma (Lusk 1996). Where ranges overlap it is commonly associated with Podocarpus nubigenus. The ever increasing conversion of native forest in the Coastal Cordillera to commercial plantations of Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus, means that much of the habitat for this species has been lost and continues to disappear. Logging in the Andes outside of National Parks still occurs. Logging is often for firewood or is selective in order to extract young straight stemmed trees before they become contorted and multi-stemmed (Hechenleitner et al. 2005). In Argentina there is no commercial use of its wood, although it may be used locally. In Chile it is highly prized for its uniform, yellow-rose colour, durable wood which is easily worked and is used for making fine furniture. It is also used for construction. It is afforded good protection throughout its range in National Parks, particularly in the large tracts of protected areas that are contiguous between Chile and Argentina in the Andes, where there are some important old-growth forests. There is less protection in the northern part of its distribution, particularly in the Coastal Cordillera of Chile.
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Qu'est ce que le survivalisme ?
Le survivalisme par définition est un mode de vie qui constitue à une préparation à une éventuelle catastrophe. La préparation des survivants repose principalement sur l'apprentissage des techniques de survie et des concepts médicaux. Avec la bonne préparation, le bon équipement et les bons vêtements avec notre boutique militariat, vous pouvez survivre à la forêt ou prévenir les catastrophes. L'origine du survivalisme a commencé avec l'herbertisme. Il s'agit d'un événement pour former l'officier de marine Georges Hébert. Le but de cette activité est de devenir puissant et utile. Pour ce faire, il est nécessaire de réaliser une éducation sportive, nature et utilitaire. Aux États-Unis dans les années 1960, l'inflation et la dépréciation ont incité les gens à adopter l'idée de kits de sauvetage. À partir des années 1970, certains livres sur le mot « survie » et les méthodes appropriées ont commencé à paraître. Kurt Saxon sera le premier à utiliser le terme "survivaliste". Cependant, John Pugsley publiera "Strategy Alpha" dans les années 1980. Ce livre est devenu une référence pour les survivalistes américains. Dans les années 1990, le mythe du bug du millénaire a donné un nouvel élan au mouvement survivaliste. Les divers événements catastrophiques de 2000 à nos jours continuent d'alimenter la peur et de stimuler la motivation survivaliste. La survie est parfois liée aux croyances religieuses. Être préparé signifie parfois commencer un long voyage avec la famille, les amis et les voisins, mais parfois le voyage doit être commencé seul. Ne pas se préparer, bien ou mal, à l'effondrement imminent, souvent appelé survivalisme. En revanche, il peut y avoir rupture plus ou moins normale. Ils dépendent de l'âge, du sexe, du lieu de résidence, de la formation précédente, des personnes accompagnantes, du matériel disponible... Ainsi, notre magasin survivaliste a pour objectif de regrouper au même endroit du matériel utile et de qualité, et à un prix abordable, dans le respect des grandes règles des survivalistes : eau, alimentation, énergie, hygiène/santé, défense, et blog Connaissances. Par conséquent, nous ne parlerons pas d'invasion extraterrestre...
Picea sitchensis - Sitka spruce, Tideland spruce
Conservation Status Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern This spruce still covers vast tracts of coastal mainland and islands along the Pacific Coast of North America; it is also a pioneer after disturbance, either natural or from logging, and will return unless deliberately prevented. Consequently it is assessed as Least Concern. Picea sitchensis occurs from tidewater up to steep mountain sides in Alaska and British Columbia, generally to ca. 900 m a.s.l. (highest record 1,189 m), always in proximity to oceanic weather. The soils are variable, usually with a thick humus layer. On Vancouver Island and on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington this spruce attains its greatest size. It is usually mixed with Tsuga heterophylla (shade tolerant competitor), Pseudotsuga menziesii and Thuja plicata, other associated conifers are Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (locally), Xanthocyparis nootkatensis, and Abies amabilis, at higher elevations replaced by Tsuga mertensiana or Abies lasiocarpa; Alnus rubra alongside rivers and Acer macrophyllum in groves are common broad-leaved trees. Logging may have in the past depleted stands of mature trees where these have not been replaced by the same species, but in general, good regeneration has ensured that there has been limited decline in extent of occurrence and area of occupancy. Sitka spruce grows to the largest tree of its genus and is abundant in the coastal forests between roughly 43º and 62º N along the Pacific Ocean. It is a highly valuable timber tree with growth rates exceeding those of other species and, in old growth stands, truly magnificent sizes. It is (still) heavily logged in clear cuts from natural stands including old growth (in this part of the world this means: forest that was never cut before). Smaller sizes go to the paper industry, but big trees are prized for construction and special uses such as small aircraft, masts and spars for sailing ships, oars for rowing boats, ladders, and sounding boards of musical instruments. Sitka spruce has been widely used in plantation forestry on poor acid soils in cool and wet climates such as the hills and moors of Ireland and Scotland; this timber is used for pulp wood. In horticulture it finds less use; most plantings in large parks as specimen trees date from the 19th century, and only a limited number of cultivars has been produced, mostly dwarf forms. It requires a cool and moist climate. This species is present in several protected areas, including national parks.
How To Grow A Beautiful Oxycardium Plant At Home
Some indoor plants such as money plants are quite popular among Gardeners. Philodendron or Oxycardium plants are a great choice for those who don’t have sufficient time to care for plants. They are harder to kill and it is very easy to keep them healthy. Oxycardium plants are available in a variety of beautiful shades. They are suitable to keep as cheerful bushy plants or graceful trailers. You should know everything to grow a beautiful Oxycardium plant at home. Light One of the best aspects of Oxycardium plants' versatility is that they can thrive in low light conditions although they grow faster and produce more leaves when receiving medium to indirect light. But don't place them in direct sunlight. Watering Oxycardium plants can be grown in soil or just in water. Water them when half of the soil is dry while growing in soil. The leaves of Oxycardium appear wilted when it needs water. After watering plants they will show a perky appearance. If the leaves of plants are getting yellow and brown then it is an indication of overwatering and underwatering consequently. Philodendrons can be grown in a container with just water. Check the water closely; Oxycardium soaks the water faster than you anticipate. Don't change the medium of the plant either you are growing it in soil or water. The plant will not do well transferred to another medium. Location A south or west-facing window is the best for a philodendron plant. This is the best place where plants will get the right amount of light to thrive and will be protected from direct sunlight. You can also place It inside balconies. Repotting Oxycardium plants should be repotted when they become root bound around every two to three years. Plant them in well-aerated soil for good drainage. If you want a decorative pot for your Oxycardium plant then simply plant them in a Terracotta pot first and keep it inside the decorative pot. Using some pebbles in the bottom of the decorative pot will keep the Oxycardium plant from sitting in water. Fertilization Philodendrons can survive without fertilizer for years. However, you can fertilize them monthly because they are fast-growing plants. Use a half-strength solution of houseplant food in the spring and summer season once a month. In fall and winter, use fertilizer after every other month. The best time for fertilization is when the plant is producing new leaves. Pruning Oxycardium plant is perfect for hanging planters for table plants; they also can be enjoyed as trailing plants. Regular pruning is helpful to keep the plant lush and full. To promote bushy ness and encourage new growth, cut the leggy trails after a node. Use pruning shears or fingernails for pruning and make smooth cuts rather than Jagged. Propagation Oxycardium plants are very easy to propagate. Just pinch or cut a branch having at least a couple of nodes. Directly put the cutting into the water or soil and it will begin to grow very soon. Toxicity The Oxycardium plant is toxic and this is the main drawback to this plant. It can cause severe discomfort if ingested by pets or humans. They can feel the symptoms of burning and swelling on the lips, tongue, throat, vomiting, and diarrhea. The SAP of the plant also can cause skin irritation. Some common problems Curling leaves Curling leaves is the indication that the plant is not getting enough water. It can also occur due to overwatering because it drowns the roots. If the leaves are dropping or turning yellow, it is a sign of overwatering to solve this problem; water your plants less frequently. Insufficient amounts of water can cause the leaves of plants to turn brown. Don't keep long gaps between waterings. If the leaves turn brown then start watering them more and they will cure soon. Styling tip The large heart-shaped leaves of the philodendron plant add life to your living space. Oxycardium plants not only make your living room feel more tropical but also add texture and color to it. Use hanging planters or let it climb the walls with the help of trellis. Flexible trailing vines and large glossy heart-shaped leaves will make your living space more stylish.
Do snake plants do better inside or outside?
Snake plants are native to Southern Asia, the Islands of Madagascar, and Africa. Snake plants are also known as mother-in-law’s tongue. There are approx 70 different species available of snake plants the most common species is Trifasciata. It is available in two forms: Bird nest sansevieria; it has curly leaves and is short approx 12 inches and the second is with tall upright leaves and can grow 3 to 4 feet. A gold bordered leaved plant is known as mother-in-law’s tongue and all Green leaves plants are called snake plants. Snake plants are grown for their foliage although they also produce flowers but they are tiny and grow in a bunch on long stems. The flowers of snake plants are small in number and size and pollinated by moths that is why they don't produce many seeds. They eventually produce berries outdoors. There are no moths indoors to pollinate the flowers of the snake plants. They are produced by spreading through underground rhizomes Although they also can be grown from seeds. The shorter type snake plant spreads rapidly and becomes invasive in tropical areas. How to grow indoors Generally, snake plants are grown indoors and they are adaptable to low light levels. It flourishes best in a sunny spot but a little sunlight is also okay. Let the soil dry out slightly before the next watering. Clay pots are best for Snake plants as clay is porous. Clay pots allow the soil to dry more quickly compared to plastic pots. The plastic pot holds moisture and the moist soil can cause root rot in plants. Dry conditions are suitable for this plant. Use cactus potting soil for Snake plants as it provides the proper drainage that snake plants need. Underwatering and overwatering are harmful to Snake plants and can kill them. Keep them away from drafty windows during the winter. Being tropical plants, they are very sensitive to cold temperatures. The temperature between 70 degrees Fahrenheit to 90 degrees Fahrenheit is suitable for Snake plants. Snake plants grow very fast so you should repot them annually. Use a shallow and wide container otherwise, your container may crack. A container gives a secure base to the snake plant. The Spring season is best for repotting and fertilization. Use a balanced fertilizer diluted to half strength. You can also fertilize the plant in the growing season in August again. Don't fertilize the plant during winter because it is the rest time of plants they don't grow actively. How to grow outdoors You can grow snake plants outdoors. Snake plants are known for easy to grow and tough plants but they need good drainage. Overwatering can cause root rot and they will die. They prefer the dryness that is why they are most suitable for xeriscape landscapes and dessert. In arid conditions, the thick cuticles on the leaves of the snake plants prevent them from drying out. Snake plants can grow in moderate light although they prefer full sunlight. Low light can cause a weak and final plant. Propagation Snake plant can be grown from seeds but generally, it is propagated from divisions. Spring season is the time for division. First of all, cover the surface with a newspaper. Use a knife around the edge of the pot to loosen the soil. Snake plants are grown by underground rhizomes. Use sharp garden shears or a knife to cut the rhizomes. Use cactus potting soil and plant the divisions in a shallow pot. Use a balanced fertilizer diluted to half-strength at this time. Should I buy snake plants specified for outdoor or indoor All snake plants can be grown indoors or outdoors; there are no separate snake plants for indoors or outdoors. If you want to place an indoor plants outdoors then do it gradually. Snake plants need full sun outdoors. If it is not getting enough sunlight then it will lose its color. Provide six to eight hours of sunlight each day. Don't grow snake plants in clay soils that require well-drained soil.
Chia sẻ kinh nghiệm làm đẹp da (p2)
Chào cả nhà, em đã dùng sữa ong chúa được hơn 1 năm và giờ đây em cảm nhận được hiệu quả của sữa ong chúa mang lại. Bằng chứng là trước đây khi chưa dùng sữa ong chúa thì da em bị mụn cám và mụn trứng cá, có cả mụn bọc nữa, da em thuộc da dầu và lỗ chân lông to, nên khi dù dùng các loại kem hay thuốc trị mụn gì cũng không hết. Vì những vấn đề này xuất phát từ nội tiết tố trong cơ thể bị rối loạn, không cân bằng được. Em tìm đủ mọi phương pháp, uống tây, nam gì cũng không giảm được nhiều. Nhưng khi em biết đến sản phẩm sữa ong chúa tươi từ một người bạn, lúc đầu nghe nói e cũng không tin lắm, nhưng cũng tìm hiểu chỗ bán uy tín và đặt về dùng thử xem có hiệu quả không?. Sau khi em sử dụng được một thời gian, có khi em sẽ đắp mặt nạ sữa ong chúa tươi, có khi em sẽ trộn sữa ong chúa với các nguyên liệu tự nhiên khác, ví dụ như mật ong, tinh bột nghệ, bột yến mạch, hay bột trà xanh, nha đam,… mỗi tuần em chỉ đắp mặt nạ sữa ong chúa từ 2 - 3 lần vì da mặt em là da nhạy cảm nên không dám đắp nhiều. Cứ thế em đã kiên trì được một thời gian thì da mặt mình có sự thay đổi rõ ràng, khi soi gương mình không còn thấy mụn nổi nữa mà lỗ chân lông cũng đã nhỏ hơn trước, lượng dầu cũng giảm hẳn. Sáng ngủ dậy, rửa mặt thấy da mình trông trắng hồng và mịn màng nhìn thấy thích lắm. Bây gờ, chỉ cần một chút son là có thế ra đường đi cà phê với bạn bè rồi.
Ait Ben Haddou Kasbah
The ksar, a group of earthen buildings surrounded by high walls, is a traditional pre-Saharan habitat. The houses crowd together within the defensive walls, which are reinforced by corner towers. Ait-Ben-Haddou, in Ouarzazate province, is a striking example of the architecture of southern Morocco. Located in the foothills on the southern slopes of the High Atlas in the Province of Ouarzazate, the site of Ait-Ben-Haddou is the most famous ksar in the Ounila Valley. The Ksar of Aït-Ben-Haddou is a striking example of southern Moroccan architecture. The ksar is a mainly collective grouping of dwellings. Inside the defensive walls which are reinforced by angle towers and pierced with a baffle gate, houses crowd together - some modest, others resembling small urban castles with their high angle towers and upper sections decorated with motifs in clay brick - but there are also buildings and community areas. It is an extraordinary ensemble of buildings offering a complete panorama of pre-Saharan earthen construction techniques. The oldest constructions do not appear to be earlier than the 17th century, although their structure and technique were propagated from a very early period in the valleys of southern Morocco. The site was also one of the many trading posts on the commercial route linking ancient Sudan to Marrakesh by the Dra Valley and the Tizi-n'Telouet Pass. Architecturally, the living quarters form a compact grouping, closed and suspended. The community areas of the ksar include a mosque, a public square, grain threshing areas outside the ramparts, a fortification and a loft at the top of the village, an caravanserai, two cemeteries (Muslim and Jewish) and the Sanctuary of the Saint Sidi Ali or Amer. The Ksar of Ait- Ben-Haddou is a perfect synthesis of earthen architecture of the pre-Saharan regions of Morocco. Criterion (iv): The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou is an eminent example of a ksar in southern Morocco illustrating the main types of earthen constructions that may be observed dating from the 17th century in the valleys of Dra, Todgha, Dadès and Souss. Criterion (v): The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou illustrates the traditional earthen habitat, representing the culture of southern Morocco, which has become vulnerable as a result of irreversible socio-economic and cultural changes Integrity (2009) All the structures comprising the ksar are located within the boundaries of the property and the buffer zone protects its environment. The earthen buildings are very vulnerable due to lack of maintenance and regular repair resulting from the abandonment of the ksar by its inhabitants. The CERKAS (Centre for the conservation and rehabilitation of the architectural heritage of atlas and sub-atlas zones) monitors, with difficulty, respect for the visual integrity of the property. Authenticity (2009) In comparison to other ksour of the region, the Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou has preserved its architectural authenticity with regard to configuration and materials. The architectural style is well preserved and the earthen constructions are perfectly adapted to the climatic conditions and are in harmony with the natural and social environment. The large houses in the lower part of the village, with well conserved decorative motifs, are regularly maintained. The construction materials used still remain earth and wood. The inclination to introduce cement has so far been unsuccessful, thanks to the continued monitoring of the «Comité de contrôle des infractions» (Rural Community, Town Planning Division, Urban Agency, CERKAS). Only a few lintels and reinforced concrete escaped its vigilance, but they have been hidden by earthen rendering. Particular attention is also paid to doors and windows giving on to the lanes, to ensure that the wood is not replaced by metal. Protection and management requirements (2009) Protection measures essentially relate to the different laws for the listing of historic monuments and sites, in particular the Law 22-80 concerning Moroccan heritage. The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou currently has a five-year management plan (2007-2012). This management plan is the result of two years of reflection and workshops involving all the persons and institutions concerned with the future of the site, in particular the local populations. The recommendations of this plan are being implemented. Furthermore, two management committees have been established (a local committee and a national one) in which all the parties are represented and cooperate in decision-making. As well as managing the property, CERKAS ensures coordination in the implementation of this management plan. visit our site for more informations...
Official 2016 Valentine Rose
Despite the fact that 90% of red supermarket roses are Classy (by name), last year's official Valentine's Day rose was the medium-sized, deep Red Berlin. This year, however, it's on to something a bit less mysterious with a lot more 'show.' It's called Explorer, which is an Ecuadorian rose that is commercially available through Royal Flowers. As you can see, though pictures simply can't do it justice, the rose is a bright saturated red hue with bi-sheen petals that give a two-tone illusion. The 'bright' reflective areas of the petals exude a white-violet essence that is almost invisible, yet noticeable enough to catch your attention. It's an extroverted rose, whereas many of the red roses are dark, brooding and modest. There's a flair of drama with the color change effect that makes these roses stand out from all the other red roses in the room! If you're doing the rose thing this Valentine's Day, then be sure to order Explorer red roses by name. This does, however, require that you put some thought and effort into the holiday and not simply pick up what's left after work before heading home. I've said this a million times, "Valentine's Day isn't a drive-thru holiday from rush hour after work to bed time." It's a full and complete day. Enjoy it! Here are some other great red roses that you can see are just marvelous, with the inclusion of Explorer at the top, second from the right. Are you on board with this year's official Valentine's Day rose pick? Let me know what you think in the comments! Sharing this with the love and relationship crowd. Men, take notes! :) @jordanhamilton @AlloBaber @humairaa @jcl4rks0n @AimeBolanos @alywoah @CiciRoman @paulisaghost @LizArnone @lisbt92 @Dragon0fTime @KassamRajput @Arellano1052 @ChangThao @YlianaVera @BuffyFHK @Dynamo @GiGie @JayllaMarie @MableWaddles @rodiziketan @RaquelArredondo @cullenquigley @Bekka @humairaa @nicolejb @MelissaMae @delmontequality @Sriharsha @LuisEstevenGarc @CashTunstall @JacquelineRexMy @PrinceCampbell @esha @YinofYang @Aripendragon
Turmeric, the Golden Spice - From Traditional Medicine to Modern Medicine
Turmeric is an ancient spice that has been used mainly in cooking. Turmeric is a powerful anti-inflammatory herb that’s been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. Turmeric, whose botanical name is Curcuma longa. It helps restore normal body functioning. It can provide relief from cold cough, skin disorders, bruises & wounds, flu, sore throat, muscle spasm, allergy, pain, etc. Turmeric health benefits Turmeric has many anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that not only keep illnesses at bay, Turmeric also treat pre-existing chronic health conditions. One of the most important compounds in turmeric is curcumin, which is responsible for most of turmeric’s potential health benefits. · Turmeric has Anti-Inflammatory properties – It has shown curcumin to be highly effective in reducing inflammation. · Immunity Booster - Turmeric also boosts immunity levels. Its anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal properties protect us from a variety of infections. · It has anticancer properties - turmeric has anti-cancerous properties, specifically for breast, bowel, stomach, and skin cancer cells · It can help with depression - Turmeric has curcumin may increase serotonin and dopamine—two brain chemicals that affect your mood. It may also help you respond better to unexpected stress. · It improves skin health - Turmeric can help with skin conditions such as eczema, ulcers, psoriasis, and wounds. Here are the top super health benefits of turmeric and curcumin. Turmeric benefits for skin Turmeric is used extensively to treat acne, hyperpigmentation, and remove unwanted hair. It is also beneficial in skincare for babies. Anti-cancer Properties:- Turmeric benefits acne because not only is it a natural antiseptic to keep the bacteria from spreading, but it’s anti-inflammatory, which takes down the redness and swelling of the blemish, Reduces Dark Circles:- Turmeric has anti-inflammatory, skin-lightening and microcirculation-boosting powers, and you've got a perfect recipe for fighting dark undereye circles Help Psoriasis and Eczema:- Besides having anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that help target the source of conditions such as eczema, turmeric may also inhibit the activity of PhK, a protein associated with psoriasis. Turmeric benefits for hair Defeating dandruff:- A good massage with turmeric essential oil can help you get rid of dandruff problems. Curbing hair loss:- The antifungal quality of turmeric can rid your scalp of the infection which can be the end of hair fall. Treating scalp conditions:- The anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory qualities of turmeric make your scalp infection-free and healthy Is it healthy to drink turmeric every day? Yes, but make sure not to drink in excess quantity at all. Turmeric Water is hot in nature hence reducing the intake in summers especially for individuals with pitta dominant bodies. Also, it is not advisable to consume high doses of turmeric for a long period of time. Turmeric Tea Drops:- Potent nutrient drops of Turmeric – Vitamin B complex and Vitamin Add about 1-2 teaspoon or 10 -15 drops to a cup of warm water. And enjoy the turmeric tea. haldee water (Turmeric Hydrosol) is water-soluble nutrient-rich water of turmeric roots. This simple, quick, and convenient way of making tea help stick to the regular routine of drinking turmeric tea at home and while you are on a trip.