Growth in this market is largely driven by the rising incidence of infectious diseases and the increasing frequency of pandemics, technological advancements, increasing food safety concerns, and increasing government initiatives and funding to detect and control antimicrobial-resistant species.
COVID-19 Impact On The Global Microbial Identification Market
According to a study conducted by ClinicalTrials.gov, to prevent screening shortages, an innovative PCR-free alternative strategy was developed based on the detection of specific protein signatures in human saliva by MALDI-TOF MS profiling. MALDI-TOF MS profiling is a method used in routine diagnostics by microbiology laboratories for the identification of microorganisms. MALDI-TOF MS profiling has been successfully used to classify individuals according to their infectious status based on the analysis of their saliva.
It is also used as a tool for the identification of respiratory viruses from cell culture supernatants. MALDI-TOF MS is one of the major technologies used in microbial identification.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact on the US, China, India, as well as many major European countries. Since most of these countries are major manufacturers of the instruments and consumables used for microbial identification, the pandemic and nationwide lockdowns have caused a decline in the sales of these products.
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Microbial identification is mainly used for human disease diagnosis. It delivers rapid and reliable results that help in the timely adoption of appropriate therapies. Microbial identification products can improve the management of infectious diseases, especially in areas with inadequate healthcare infrastructure. It is estimated that approximately 1,400 pathogens can cause human diseases.
Pathogenic bacteria alone cause about 350 million cases of foodborne diseases. About 48 million foodborne illnesses occur annually in the US alone, which leads to approximately 128,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 deaths every year. Poor water hygiene can cause 1.7 million deaths a year worldwide, and 9 out of 10 deaths occur in children. Most of these deaths, however, are observed in developing countries (NCBI).
Over the years, there has been a significant increase in the prevalence of infectious diseases worldwide. According to the WHO, TB is one of the top 10 causes of death. A total of 1.5 million people died from TB in 2018 worldwide. Between 2000–2018, an estimated 58 million lives were saved through TB diagnosis and treatment. ccording to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), in 2019, globally, 1.7 million people were newly infected with HIV, 38 million people are living with HIV, and 690,000 people died of AIDS-related illnesses.
Furthermore, incidents such as the Zika epidemic (2016), Ebola epidemic (2014), H1N1 swine flu pandemic (2009), H5N1 Avian flu pandemic (2004), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) pandemic (2003), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic (2019–2020) have caused serious health concerns.
They also lead to an increased demand for diagnostic products, including those for microbial identification. Thus, the high prevalence and incidence of different infectious diseases, coupled with the increasing frequency of pandemics, are driving growth in the microbial identification market.
Some of the leading players in the microbial identification market include bioMérieux SA (France), Becton, Dickinson and Company (US), Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. (US), Danaher Corporation (US), Merck KGaA (Germany), Bruker Corporation (US), Shimadzu Corporation (Japan), QIAGEN NV (Netherlands), Avantor, Inc. (US), and Biolog, Inc. (US).
The phenotypic methods segment accounted for the largest share of the microbial identification market in 2019. The large share of this segment can be attributed to the wide usage of phenotypic methods for microbial identification across the healthcare, food & beverage, pharmaceutical, and environmental sectors