*The map shows the countries which recognise the state of Palestine. Understanding this is crucial, because it is at the base of a conflict that is nearly 70 years old. Identifying the difference is perhaps the most difficult thing because it all comes down to who you ask. Officially, there is no border that divides the two states because the international community recognises Palestine in different ways; an independent state, some an occupied territory and some don’t recognise its existence at all. Israel is, effectively, what British-owned Palestine was in the early 20th century. After World War II, a plan was implemented to create a Jewish state on what was historically Jewish land. While this was arguably a noble idea after the horrors of the Holocaust, housing one refugee population on someone else’s land only created a second refugee population. The Jewish state founded created, in practice, a country that grants privilege to Jewish citizens, who account for 5.9 million of the country’s 7.8 million people. Activists argue that laws regarding land ownership and citizenship are heavily weighted in Jews’ favours, disadvantaging the local Palestinians. Today, Palestinian refugees are mostly in the West Bank, parts of Lebanon and Jordan and the Gaza Strip. So, despite what you might hear, this is not a religious war – it’s a land war.