Jeonju is famed for its bibimbap but this famous dish was not always called bibimbap; its name has gone though numerous transitions. The basic meaning arose from the Korean verb ‘비비다 bibida’, meaning ‘to mix’, because the dish requires the rice to be mixed well with the chilli sauce and vegetable toppings before eating.
Bibimbap was first known as Goldongjiban, it was cited in the Dongguksesiki written by Hong Seong-mo in 1849 (King Sunjo’s reign). Gol meaning ‘dizzy’ and dong meaning ‘bibimbap dong’, together meant ‘the thorough mixing of various items’.
Cited in Siuijeonseo (writer unknown, but written at the end of the 1800s), circulated as a recipe book for the nobility.
Cited in the Chosun Recipe Book first published in 1913 till 1939 with nine editions, written by Bang Sin-yeong.