funkystar
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Language Learning Tips

Setting a number short term targets is much better than trying to set a single long term language learning goal. I often hear friends saying "I want to be fluent in Russian" or "I want to be fluent in Chinese" - of course, saying that kind of thing is fine but no one just wakes up fluent in a language. It's good to have an end goal that you strive for but equally you need to have a number of realistic and achievable short term goals that will keep you on track to achieving your long term goal. For me, my short term goals include X amount of vocabulary memorised within X amount of time, reading a book in X language by a certain date or taking a proficiency exam and aiming for a score of X. Some goals are daily, otherwise are weekly or even monthly but all are just steps on the way to fluency.
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This is so important. I used to set myself targets of 5 new Chinese words a day and increased it to 10 when 5 was getting too easy. You should do a collection / set of cards for language learning tools that you've used
I like this! My biggest problem is starting projects, like learning Korean, having a strong start, and then giving up when it seems too daunting. I bought myself a textbook, but now my goal is to do a little vocabulary review every day and work through one chapter a week. Not too much at a time! Let's see how well it works once school starts :)
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5 Simple Tips for Writing a Fan Letter in Korean
1. Use polite verb forms. Basically, Korean has two types of verb endings for polite speech style: ์š”(yo) and ๋‹ค(da). When writing fan letters to celebrities, ์š”(yo) form is more appropriate than ๋‹ค(da) form; ๋‹ค(da) would sound too polite and formal for that kind of letter. 2. Use polite noun forms. In Korean, some nouns have entirely different forms for plain speech and honorific speech. To be polite, use ์ €(jeo) / ์ œ(je) instead of ๋‚˜(na) / ๋‚ด(ne). ์ €(jeo) is the equivalent to โ€˜I, meโ€™ in polite speech. ๋‚˜(na) is the casual form of ์ €(jeo). ์ œ(je) is the equivalent to โ€˜myโ€™ in casual speech. ๋‚ด(ne) is the casual form of ์ œ(je). 3. But donโ€™t be too formal and too polite. Iโ€™ve noticed that a lot of Korean learners tend to use the most polite noun forms when writing. Erring on the side of politeness is, of course, always good and safe, but in this fan letter, too-formal and too-polite nouns would sound a little awkward to native speakers (that is, the celebrities who will read your letter). Do not use ๋‹น์‹ (dangshin). Instead, choose the right title for them, such as ์˜ค๋น (oppa), ์–ธ๋‹ˆ(unni), ๋ˆ„๋‚˜(nuna), or ํ˜•(hyung), and use it. 4. Choose the perfect titles for celebrities. If the people youโ€™re sending a letter to are older than you, you should use an appropriate title for them. There are four kinds of titles you would use. The most common titles are ์˜ค๋น (oppa), ์–ธ๋‹ˆ(unni), ๋ˆ„๋‚˜(nuna), and ํ˜•(hyung). But what if you would be the same age as he/she? Adding the suffix์”จ (ssi) to the name could be the appropriate solution in polite speech. When writing the letter with casual speech, you would attach ์•„ to the name ending in a consonant or ์•ผ to the name ending with a vowel. In most cases, the given names are used with the titles weโ€™ve just learned : First name + title. e.g. ์„ธํ›ˆ์”จ Sehoon-ssi (from a male/female who is the same age as Sehoon in polite speech) ๋ฐฑํ˜„์•„ baekhyun-a (from a male/female who is the same age as Baekhyun in casual speech) ์ˆ˜ํ˜ธ์•ผ Suho-ya (from a male/female who is the same age as Suho in casual speech) ๋ฏผํ˜ธ ์˜ค๋น  Minho oppa (from a female younger than Minho) ํ‹ฐํŒŒ๋‹ˆ ๋ˆ„๋‚˜ Tiffany nuna (from a male younger than Tiffany) 5. Attach ๊ป˜ or ์—๊ฒŒ to titles in the first sentence of a letter. The Korean equivalent of โ€œto / dearโ€ is โ€œ๊ป˜(kke)โ€ or โ€œ์—๊ฒŒ(ege)โ€. Though grammatically ๊ป˜(kke) is the more honorific form than ์—๊ฒŒ(ege), there is no big difference between them. Just choose whichever youโ€™d like to use. e.g. ์ค‘๊ธฐ ์˜ค๋น ๊ป˜ / ์ค‘๊ธฐ ์˜ค๋น ์—๊ฒŒ To Joongki oppa, Dear Joongki oppa (from a female younger than Joongki) Here is the entire example of a fan letter written in Korean. This letter was written to ์†ก์ค‘๊ธฐ (Joongki Song, a male Korean actor) by a younger female fan. For reference, I've made some blanks. You can freely adapt this template to suit your context, and fill in the blanks with the name of the celebrity you love! (์ค‘๊ธฐ ์˜ค๋น )์—๊ฒŒ, To Joongki oppa, ์•ˆ๋…•ํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ์ €๋Š” (์‹ฑ๊ฐ€ํด)์— ์‚ด๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” (์ค‘๊ธฐ ์˜ค๋น ) ํŒฌ (์ œ์‹œ์นด)์˜ˆ์š”. Hello, Iโ€™m your fan Jessica from Singapore. (์˜ค๋น )๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์˜ค๋Š” ๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ โ€˜(ํƒœ์–‘์˜ ํ›„์˜ˆ)โ€™๋ฅผ ์ •๋ง ์žฌ๋ฐŒ๊ฒŒ ๋ณด๊ณ  ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (์˜ค๋น )๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์˜จ ์˜ํ™” โ€˜(๋Š‘๋Œ€์†Œ๋…„)โ€™๋„ ๋ดค์–ด์š”. (์˜ค๋น )๋Š” ์ •๋ง ๋ฉ‹์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์ œ์ผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” (๋ฐฐ์šฐ)์˜ˆ์š”. Iโ€™ve enjoyed watching your drama โ€˜Descendants of the Sun.โ€™ I also watched your movie โ€˜A Werewolf Boy.โ€™ Youโ€™re so cool. Youโ€™re my favorite actor. (์–ด์ œ) (์˜ค๋น )๊ฐ€ ํฐ ์ƒ์„ ๋ฐ›์•„์„œ ์ •๋ง ๊ธฐ๋ปค์–ด์š”. (์˜ค๋น )๋Š” ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํžˆ ๊ทธ ์ƒ์„ ๋ฐ›์„ ์ž๊ฒฉ์ด ์žˆ์–ด์š”. I felt so happy as you won the big prize yesterday. You fully deserve it. (๋‹ค์Œ ๋‹ฌ)์— (ํ™์ฝฉ)์—์„œ ํŒฌ๋ฏธํŒ…์„ ํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ์†Œ์‹์„ ๋“ค์—ˆ์–ด์š”. (์‹ฑ๊ฐ€ํด)์—์„œ๋„ ํŒฌ๋ฏธํŒ…์„ ํ–ˆ์œผ๋ฉด ์ข‹๊ฒ ์–ด์š”. Iโ€™ve heard that you have a fan meeting in Hong Kong. I hope you also hold it in Singapore. (์˜ค๋น )๋ฅผ ์•„์ง ํ•œ๋ฒˆ๋„ ๋งŒ๋‚˜์ง€๋Š” ๋ชปํ–ˆ์ง€๋งŒ ์ œ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘๊ณผ ์‘์›์€ ์‹์ง€ ์•Š์„ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. Although weโ€™ve never met, my love and support for you will never fade. ํ•ญ์ƒ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•ํ•˜์„ธ์š”! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋‹ค์Œ (์ž‘ํ’ˆ)๋„ ๊ธฐ๋Œ€ํ• ๊ฒŒ์š”! Always take care of your health! Iโ€™m looking forward to your next work! (์ œ์‹œ์นด) ์˜ฌ๋ฆผ From Jessica [ Download 'Eggbun' ]
Launguage Exchange! - 2
Hey guys! I'm back !! Anyone who doesn't know about this project, you can check it from here : https://www.vingle.net/posts/1446188- Anyway there were lots of sentences that you guys asked for Korean translation ! :) And here are the answers 1. How did you find me? ๋‚˜ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์ฐพ์•˜์–ด? (nah uh dduck ge chaht aht sauh?) 2. I am always this way. ๋‚˜ ์›๋ž˜ ์ด๋ž˜. ( nah wonlae eelae ) 3. I would love to hang out. ์™„์ „ ๊ฐ™์ด ๋†€๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ด. ( wanjeon gatchi nholgo sippeoh ) 4. You are cute. ๋„ˆ ๊ท€์—ฝ๋‹ค. (neauh qui yeop da) 5. I'm so bored ์ง€๋ฃจํ•˜๋‹ค (ji loo ha da) 6. You want to hang out today? ์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋†€๋Ÿฌ ๋‚˜๊ฐˆ๋ž˜? (oh neul nol lauh nagallae?) 7. I just want to go home ์ง‘์— ๊ฐ€๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ด (jip ae ga go sip uh) 8. How was your day? ์˜ค๋Š˜ ํ•˜๋ฃจ ์–ด๋• ์–ด? (ohneul haru uhddatsuh?) 9. Wanna hang out? ๋†€๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐˆ๋ž˜? (nolleuh gallae?) 10. Do you speak Korean? ํ•œ๊ตญ๋ง ํ•  ์ค„ ์•„์„ธ์š”? (han guk mal hal jule ah sey yo? ) 11. How are you liking it here in the United States? ๋ฏธ๊ตญ์— ์žˆ๋Š”๊ฑฐ ์–ด๋•Œ? (migook ae it neun guh auh ttae?) 12. How are you doing today? ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์–ด๋•Œ? (oh nuel auh ddae?) 13. What are you doing? ๋ญํ•ด? (muah hae?) 14.You are so perfect ๋„Œ ์ •๋ง ์™„๋ฒฝํ•ด (naun jeonmal wanbyuckhae) 15. please eat and sleep well. ์ž˜ ๋จน๊ณ  ์ž˜ ์ž. (jal mauk go jal ja) And these are the sentences that I want you guys to correct! 1. Finally!!!! My phone came back to my hand!!! I'm so sorry that I did not wrote any journal these days because I lost my phone... So... How is it going? 2. I've been busy doing stuff. It may not be a good excuse of skipping my diary, but it's true. Also I feel pretty much gloomy thesedays. I just have no idea why I feel this way. I keep trying to cheer myself up and smile. The thing is, it's not working. Maybe it's because I'm getting older. I feel the change every day by day. I think I need a little time for myself to take a rest. I wanna go somewhere nice and quiet or try something new to change my same daily routine. 3. I left out home. I'm outside now. cause I fought with ma dad, I don't want to see dad anymore(I guess, dad don't want to see ma face,too.), so I left! Where I gonna go? for now, I'm in No-re-bang. hmmm.. .. thanks for correction and please write sentences that you want to have as Korean!
How To Learn A New Language At Home
I've been trying to improve my French recently, and came across these awesome YouTubers called DamonandJo. They have self-taught themselves nearly 6 languages! I believe they speak French, Spanish, Portugese, Italian, German, and of course English! You can either watch the video above (which I suggest cause they have the BEST sense of humor) or check out their tips below: 1. Follow Famous YouTubers in the language you want to learn! There are tons of youtubers in other languages, and often if they are famous enough, there will be english subtitles. Listen to them to hear real people speaking the language rather than a text book! They're usually super entertaining too so it helps :) 2. Follow those YouTubers or famous people on twitter so you see that language each day! The easiest way to get used to a foreign language is to see it all the time and this really helps! 3. Change your phone/facebook/etc language to your desired language! Since you probably already know where everything is in your phone or facebook, you wont be confused and you'll learn a ton of new vocab! 4. Listen to audio books in the language you want!!! Audible has a ton of foreign language books. Try starting with a book you already know well (like Harry Potter for me - I'm trying to read that in Korean right now...) and listen throughout your day! 5. Sign up for foreign magazines or newsletters! Or even better download their app in another language! For example, my boyfriend gets push notification from Le Monde which is a french newspaper :) Even if you only read the headline, its practice. 6. Try cooking a meal using a recipe in a different language! You start to learn that a lot of words you actually already know (for example, sautรฉ means the same thing in french and in korean bokkeum (like bokkeumbap) means fried! so literally "fried rice!" 7. Watch TV shows in the language Duh!!!! 8. Talk to yourself and dont be afraid! Practice speaking whenever you can, even to people who are strangers! be brave! What languages are you trying to learn?!
The Class of 2016: This Year's Funniest Graduation Caps
It's that time of year again - time for the senior classmen (and classwomen!) to say their goodbyes and celebrate their accomplishments as they finally receive their diplomas. Let's admit it. Graduation ceremonies, while understandably important, can get a little dull. There's a whole lot of speeches, a whole lot of sitting, and that obligatory watching-every-single-student-walk part. However, grads have gotten creative over the years, keeping things interesting with all sorts of gags - the simplest being the funny designs they put on their graduation caps! Graduation cap humor definitely reflects the times. Check out some of the funniest caps of the graduation season thus far, and then let me know: Are these SO 2016 or what?! "M-Morty, this is - belch - the first day of the r-rest of your life." Shout-out to all those cat ladies gettin' degrees to support their fur babies. Check out Sponge Bob Square Cap over here. This will forever be my favorite quote from 'The Office'. Because Lisa Simpson should be all of our education #goals. He-Man, you the real (heavily bedazzled) MVP. "I solemnly swear I am up to gettin' paid." You can practically hear the mic drop after reading this one. +1 BRIGHT FUTURE! So which one of these were your favorite? What would your graduation cap look like? Let me know in the comments below! (And for more cool and creative caps, check out @HairConfetti's Disney-Inspired Graduation Caps card too!)
Je T'aime! Crazy Romantic French Quotes
After I graduated from college with a degree in French literature, I lived in France for a year. I fell in love โ€“ with the language, the culture, the food, the little cafรฉs, the wine... because how could you not? Many people love the sound of French. I think it's pretty, but more than anything, I just love the way things sounds when expressed in French. It seems more elegant, more romantic than English, non? Here are a few lovely French quotes about l'amour that I'm sure you'll want to stick right up on your wall. :) You'll find my translations below. I've come to steal a hundred million kisses from you. โ€“ Serge Gainsbourg I'll be a poet, and you, poetry. โ€“ Franรงois Coppรฉe Love belongs to those who think about it. โ€“Marcel Achard Life is full of little happinesses. โ€“ Unknown Love isn't just a feeling, it's also an art. Some simple word, a caution, a nothing reveals to a woman the grand and sublime artist that can touch her heart without piercing it. โ€“ Honorรฉ de Balzac What is love? It's when you look at the other person and smile. โ€“ Agnรจs Desarthe We fall in love. And as always, when we fall, we get hurt. โ€“ Franรงois Weyergans This one seems like a compilation of several celebrated sayings about love: May my kisses be the words of love I don't say to you. We forgive to the extent that we love. I adore you. Between two hearts that love each other, there is no need for words. My love for you is as big as the world. You are the light of my life. (Literally "joy of my life," but that sounds weird in English...) You are my love. I love you. You are magnificent! โ€“ Various Authors My darling. Just a really cute, cutesy way of nicknaming your boy or girlfriend in France. :) You could also use this as a grandparent/parent to refer to your kid, or even to refer to a pet that you love a lot! <3 I love you more than chocolate mousse. โ€“ Unknown We only see well with our hearts. The essential is invisible to the eyes. โ€“ Antoine de Saint-Exupรฉry I hope you liked these beautiful quotes :) If you're a Francophile and want more, let me know! I also accept translation requests if you need help figuring out what a certain phrase means. :) Bon journรฉe ร  tous! <3 xoxo
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