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的 VS 得 VS 地
These are probably some of the most important grammar particles you will ever learn but they will also be some of the trickiest. I mean, they even sound the same! It boils down to this main difference: 的 is used with nouns and 得 is used with verbs. The last one, 地, is mainly used to modify verbs (like the “ly” in English). 1. Noun + 的 + Noun Possessive words (my, your, her, his, our, their, etc.) don’t directly translate into one word in Chinese, you add 的 to the end of the pronoun (I – 我) to make it possessive (My – 我+的). This is definitely one of the easier grammar constructions, one which you should learn very early on in your Chinese studies. 我的书 - wǒ de shū - my book 2. Attribute + 的 + Noun When 的 is used between an attribute and noun, it gives the noun the attribute as you can see below. 很漂亮的老师 - hěn piàoliang de lǎoshī - pretty teacher 3. Verb + 得 + State This particle is used after a verb and indicates effect, degree, possibility. It is quite a hard grammar construction to master and takes a lot of practice but bear with it - the lightbulb moment will come! 飞得快 - fēi de kuài - to fly quickly 4. Adj + 地 + Verb This particle is mainly used as an adverb, like “ly” in English. It’s used before a verb and only then. This is probably one of the particles you'll meet later on in your studies but it's worth practicing a lot to ensure you fully understand how to use it. 慢慢地走 - màn màn de zǒu - to walk slowly 5. Adj + 地 + Adj 地 can also be used to modify/qualify an adjective: 特别地珍贵 - tè bié de zhēn guì - Particularly precious
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