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المكتبة القانونية الإلكترونية

المكتبة القانونية الإلكترونية هي مدونة قانونية تعليمية ومكتبة إلكترونية خاصة بالمجال القانوني نقوم بنشر دروس القانون ومختلف المراجع القانونية من كتب ومجلات وأطروحات ورسائل وبحوث وعروض ومقالات بالإضافة إلى جميع القوانين المغربية وكل ما يخص الماستر. https://www.bibliodroit.com

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How is international arbitration implemented in the UAE during the new normal?
The number of arbitration cases being registered in the United Arab Emirates has been steadily increasing in recent years. This is especially so for Dubai in terms of commercial litigation, with arbitration being included as a standard clause for dispute resolution, whether relating to real estate matters, construction or commercial contracts. The year 2021 has seen critical changes in the arbitration sector with a new decree anointing the ‘Dubai International Arbitration Centre’ (DIAC) as a sole arbitral chamber in the emirate, which now essentially abolishes the Dubai International Financial Centre-London Court of International Arbitration (DIFC-LCIA). The said decree is in effect from September 2021 and establishes the Dubai International Arbitration Centre to act as the sole dispute-resolution seat in the emirate of Dubai. In this article, we will particularly discuss international arbitration in the UAE and the provisions of the UAE Arbitration Law (Federal Law No. 6/2018 on ‘Arbitration’). It is important to note that the UAE Arbitration Law also applies to international, commercial arbitrations conducted outside the UAE if the parties to the dispute agree to the same. International arbitration has had its crucial impact felt during the Covid pandemic, where the international arbitration process demonstrated its resilience and flexibility in resolving disputes by delivering through technological means, including holding sessions remotely. International arbitration rules concerning the use of technology: Article 28(4) of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (‘UNCITRAL’) Arbitration Rules of 2010 (revised rules) allows for arbitral tribunals the power to have expert witnesses to be examined through means of videoconferencing. Article 28 In the event of an oral hearing, the arbitral Tribunal shall give the parties adequate advance notice of the date, time and place thereof. Witnesses, including expert witnesses, may be heard under the conditions and examined in the manner set by the arbitral Tribunal. Hearings shall be held in camera unless the parties agree otherwise. The arbitral Tribunal may require the retirement of any witness or witnesses, including expert witnesses, during the testimony of such other witnesses, except that a witness, including an expert witness, who is a party to the arbitration shall not, in principle, be asked to retire. The arbitral Tribunal may direct that witnesses, including expert witnesses, be examined through means of telecommunication that do not require their physical presence at the hearing (such as videoconference) UAE arbitration process on the use of technology: The UAE arbitration law is largely based on the international UNCITRAL model arbitration law. The DIAC Rules of 2007 and its amendments govern the arbitration proceedings of the Dubai International Arbitration Centre. Article 20 of the DIAC rules determines the place of arbitration and states that, Article 20.1:The parties may agree in writing on the seat of the arbitration. In the absence of such a choice, the seat of arbitration shall be Dubai, unless the Executive Committee determines in view of all the circumstances, and after having given the parties an opportunity to make a written comment, that another seat is more appropriate. Article 20.2: The Tribunal may, after consultation with the parties, conduct hearings or meetings at any place that it considers appropriate. The Tribunal may deliberate wherever it considers appropriate. Article 20.3: The award shall be deemed to have been made at the seat of the arbitration. Further, article 34.7 of the DIAC Arbitration rules 2017, states that, ‘The Tribunal shall only require witnesses who have submitted a written statement and who have been requested to provide oral testimony during the hearing, to swear an oath prior to giving oral evidence, subject to any mandatory provisions of the applicable procedural law. The Tribunal shall have the authority to accept oaths and conduct examinations in person or by electronic means including telephone or video conference or a combination thereof, provided it has first satisfied itself of the identity of the witness’. Both the said articles thus essentially allow wide discretion to the tribunal to determine that a virtual setting would be the most appropriate venue. Further, there are express provisions and procedures incorporated in the rules that allow for conducting of witness hearings through electronic means of communication such as video conferencing (as included above). In the Covid era, these flexible rules have proven their worth, and international arbitration in the UAE has demonstrated its resilience and effectiveness. This practice continues into the post covid era as well. https://www.professionallawyer.me/legal-articles/arbitration/international-arbitration-implemented-in-the-uae-during-the-new-normal
Iran's attorney general: Hijab law is under review
Iran’s Attorney General Mohammad Jafar Montazeri said Thursday that Iran’s parliament and judiciary are reviewing the country’s mandatory hijab law, according to pro-reform outlet Entekhab. Montazeri was also quoted as saying Iran’s feared morality police had been “abolished” but Iranian state media strongly pushed back on those comments, saying the interior ministry oversees the force, not the judiciary. CNN is reaching out to the Ministry of Interior for comment. The wearing of a hijab in public is currently mandatory for women in Iran under strict Islamic law that is enforced by the country’s so-called morality police. The laws around the head covering sparked a nationwide protest movement after the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini, who died in police custody after being apprehended by the morality police allegedly for not wearing her hijab properly. Her death on September 16 touched a nerve in the Islamic Republic, with prominent public figures coming out in support of the movement, including top Iranian actor Taraneh Alidoosti. The country has been gripped by a wave of mass protests that were first ignited by Amini’s death and have since coalesced around a range of grievances with the regime. Authorities have unleashed a deadly crackdown on demonstrators, with reports of forced detentions and physical abuse being used to target the country’s Kurdish minority group. In a recent CNN investigation, covert testimony revealed sexual violence against protesters, including boys, in Iran’s detention centers since the start of the unrest. On the hijab law, Montazeri said, “We know you feel anguished when you witness [women] without a hijab in cities, do you think the officials are silent about it? As someone who is in the field of this issue, I say that both the parliament and the judiciary are working, for example, just yesterday we had a meeting with the cultural commission of the parliament, and you will see the results within the next week or two,” as quoted by ISNA, state-affiliated media. But there is no evidence of what, if any, changes could be forthcoming to the law, which came into effect after the Islamic Revolution in 1979. Iran’s Attorney General Mohammad Jafar Montazeri said Thursday that Iran’s parliament and judiciary are reviewing the country’s mandatory hijab law, according to pro-reform outlet Entekhab. Montazeri was also quoted as saying Iran’s feared morality police had been “abolished” but Iranian state media strongly pushed back on those comments, saying the interior ministry oversees the force, not the judiciary. CNN is reaching out to the Ministry of Interior for comment. The wearing of a hijab in public is currently mandatory for women in Iran under strict Islamic law that is enforced by the country’s so-called morality police. The laws around the head covering sparked a nationwide protest movement after the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini, who died in police custody after being apprehended by the morality police allegedly for not wearing her hijab properly. Her death on September 16 touched a nerve in the Islamic Republic, with prominent public figures coming out in support of the movement, including top Iranian actor Taraneh Alidoosti. The country has been gripped by a wave of mass protests that were first ignited by Amini’s death and have since coalesced around a range of grievances with the regime. Authorities have unleashed a deadly crackdown on demonstrators, with reports of forced detentions and physical abuse being used to target the country’s Kurdish minority group. In a recent CNN investigation, covert testimony revealed sexual violence against protesters, including boys, in Iran’s detention centers since the start of the unrest. On the hijab law, Montazeri said, “We know you feel anguished when you witness [women] without a hijab in cities, do you think the officials are silent about it? As someone who is in the field of this issue, I say that both the parliament and the judiciary are working, for example, just yesterday we had a meeting with the cultural commission of the parliament, and you will see the results within the next week or two,” as quoted by ISNA, state-affiliated media. But there is no evidence of what, if any, changes could be forthcoming to the law, which came into effect after the Islamic Revolution in 1979. “But no official of the Islamic Republic of Iran has said that the Guidance Patrol has been shut,” Al-Alam said Sunday afternoon. “Some foreign media have attempted to interpret these words by the prosecutor-general as the Islamic Republic retreating from the issue of Hijab and modesty and claim that it is due to the recent riots.” The remarks were uttered in Qom, considered a holy city in Siha Islam. https://colab.research.google.com/drive/1-SLXKr0Tc-RBudsSJTTX3QAjZ4Di9PIB?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/103udLdSy0eDTn28CelGJwwJ_U7o3xLm-?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/116RfOSWOi96ZrjRjR_1zXitQLcYYQniB?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/12VHrsE8AsQO51Qn_AtyNL7GRUfuna_7C?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/15-qDV3MNjiLYQvIJQY46w-JM3y6CiO96?usp=sharing 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Advantages of a Conveyancing Expert
Real estate transactions are complex and prone to mistakes if not managed by an expert. These professionals will take care of the marketing, listing, and showing off of your home to prospective buyers. Conveyancing solicitors Blackburn know the ins and outs of the industry and are well- versed in the many elements of the law that are relevant to the process. Handling Legal Matters If there are conditions or limits on the property's title, it may be more difficult to get planning approval. On the other side, there can be certain restrictions on what you can and cannot do within the property or some wall rules. Conveyancing experts will be there to help you during this time, guiding you every step of the way while prioritizing what is best for you, the client. They Look for a Long Time The time spent searching for properties is a major advantage of working with professional conveyancers. Once you provide them with your search parameters, they will thoroughly investigate the properties. There may be issues with the property's boundaries, previous owners, or the property itself. Since so many things might go wrong with a property, a professional should double-check their list to ensure that all possible concerns are discovered and taken care of. Establishing a Financial Plan A professional in conveyancing will see to it that you are totally happy with the terms of the agreement. You'll be able to become educated on the numerous mortgages and financing alternatives available, allowing you to make an informed decision regarding the financial arrangement. One of the worst things that may happen is to get locked into a mortgage that is not what you want. One of the worst things that may happen is getting locked into a mortgage you don't like for the next twenty or thirty years. Property Brokers Are Their Opponents. When selling a home, conveyancing solicitors in Blackburn will find you a real estate agent. Someone in their department is responsible for selling your home. They often interact with many real estate agents and can help you choose the one most suited to you, your house, and your requirements. It's one thing for real estate brokers to try to woo a conveyancing professional but quite another to target a naive homeowner. Since experts are well aware of their challenges, they are more likely to be forthright with them than they would be with a homeowner. It's one thing for real estate brokers to try to woo a conveyancing in Darwen specialist, but quite another to target a homeowner who isn't prepared for it. Since experts are well aware of their challenges, they are more likely to be forthright with them than they would be with a homeowner. In other words, they ensure sure the agreement is kept. If you don't utilize a conveyancer, you may have to deal with the opposing party's conveyancing in Darwen. The difficulty arises when one is expected to understand all aspects of the legislation without any background. If you don't know what you're doing while negotiating a contract, you can wind up with less favourable terms than you deserve. If you have a professional take care of this for you, they will do their best to ensure you are happy with the final deal. You may save a lot of hassle this way.
Tellurium dioxide
Tellurium dioxide (TeO2) is the strong oxide of tellurium. It happens in two various types, the yellow plagiotic mineral β-TeO2 tellurite and the synthetic colorless tetragonal (paraturite) α-TeO2. A lot of the info concerning reaction chemistry has actually been obtained in researches entailing pariturite, α-TeO2. The natural mineral of tellurium dioxide is "flavuride". Chemical formula TeO2. Molecular weight 159.60. Colorless crystal, melting point 732.6 ℃. Dicrystalline form: Tetragonal form derived from nitric acid remedy, looking like an octahedral type. Relative thickness 5.67( 15 ℃). After home heating, it turns yellow, melts into dark yellow fluid, as well as cools to acicular crystal (ordnance system) with a loved one density of 5.91( 0 ℃). Insoluble in water. Adducts as well as salts are conveniently liquified in focused strong acids; It is additionally conveniently soluble in caustic alkali solution to develop tellurite. Insoluble in ammonia. Tellurium is produced by combustion in oxygen or by response of tellurium with cold concentrated nitric acid and evaporation of the response remedy. Prep work technique: Response of essential tellurium powder with nitric acid, heating to full response of tellurium powder to quit launching nitrogen oxide, evaporative air conditioning crystallization to get alkali tellurium Te2O3( OH) NO3, as well as home heating decay of this item at 400 ~ 430 ℃. Application Tellurium dioxide powder is made use of to expand TeO2 single crystal or make acoustooptic materials. It is a conditional glass forming agent and also can be utilized as an additive in semiconductor components, conductive pastes as well as electroplating options. Commonly made use of in acoustooptic deflectors, acoustooptic modulators, acoustooptic harmonics, acoustooptic filters, tunable filters and also various other type of acoustooptic gadgets. Under the exact same aperture, the resolution can be improved by orders of magnitude. At the same time, the acousto-optic gadgets constructed from tellurium oxide have the advantages of fast feedback rate, tiny driving power, high diffraction efficiency, steady as well as trusted efficiency. Features of TeO2 crystal: ⚫High refractive index; ⚫Low noise attenuation; ⚫High quality element; ⚫Exceptional acoustic and also optical buildings; ⚫Big sound and light top quality aspect; ⚫High openness to visible light.
Nonlinear optical crystal: LBO crystal
The nonlinear optical crystal is the crystal which reveals the nonlinear optical effect more than twice for the laser electric field. Nonlinear optical crystal is a functional product in which the frequency-doubling (or "regularity conversion") crystal can be used to transform the laser wavelength in order to increase the laser's tunable range, which has critical application value in the field of laser modern technology. Nonlinear crystal properties For nonlinear optical crystals, in addition to having big effective nonlinear coefficients, the adhering to homes are also called for: 1. As a whole, the crystal should have high openness for the wavelength included; 2. the internal absorption needs to be low, the anti-damage threshold needs to be high; 3. Steady physical as well as chemical residential or commercial properties, modest firmness, no deliquescence; 4. Steady, crystal top quality, plus size, affordable price, easy coating. LBO Lithium trisborate, additionally referred to as LBO, is an outstanding high-power UV frequency-doubling crystal with wide passage band, high damages threshold as well as large acceptance Angle. LBO nonlinear crystal is usually utilized in middle and high power 1064nm dual and three-way regularity lasers. It has an extremely high light damage resistance threshold, excellent light harmony, a broad obtaining angle, good mechanical buildings, solid thermal shock resistance, microdelixation, and a large nonlinear coefficient. It is one of the nonlinear crystals with outstanding residential or commercial properties. The most significant advantage of LBO is that it can use temperature level tuning to achieve non-critical phase matching (NCPM). When the regularity increasing process pleases the non-critical phase matching relation, the departure angle between the essential regularity and the 2nd harmonic of the regularity doubling is 0. Currently, the reliable length of the LBO crystal can in theory get to infinity, which can compensate for its little nonlinear coefficient. As a result of its big damage limit, this suggests that high-power essential wave pumping can be attained.
Nearly 2,000 evacuated after Indonesia's Mount Semeru erupts
Indonesia’s Mount Semeru erupted on Sunday, blanketing roads and homes in volcanic ash and prompting evacuations of nearly 2,000 residents in East Java province, according to authorities in the country. A statement Sunday from Indonesia’s disaster management agency (BNPB) said no injuries or deaths have so far been reported and evacuees have taken shelter in public facilities, including village halls and schools. More than 20,000 face masks have been handed out to mitigate respiratory health risks from volcanic ash, it added. Mount Semeru, which lies around 640 kilometers (400 miles) southeast of the capital Jakarta, began erupting at 2:46 a.m. local time Sunday (2:46 p.m. ET Saturday), according to BNPB. Videos shared by BNPB showed nearby villages covered in gray ash. Indonesia’s Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, PVMBG, said in a statement the alert level of volcanic activity had been raised to the highest Level 4. The agency warned residents to stay at least 17 kilometers (10.5 miles) away from Semeru’s eruption center, adding that volcanic ash had reached as far as 12 kilometers (7.4 miles) from the epicenter. Japan’s Meteorological Agency said the plume from the eruption reached 15 kilometers (about 49,200 feet) into the air. The agency said in a statement Sunday there had been no tsunami impact following the eruption. Indonesia, an archipelago of 270 million people, sits on the “Ring of Fire,” a band around the Pacific Ocean that sets off frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity. Standing at 3,676 meters (12,060 feet), Mount Semeru is the tallest volcano on Java – and one of its most active ones. More than 50 people were killed and thousands more displaced when it erupted last year. Compared to the 2021 eruption, PVMBG chief Hendra Gunawan said the agency saw the potential for a larger volume of magma from the eruption Sunday. “Therefore Semeru’s hot clouds could reach further (this year) and at that distance there are many residences,” he said. The eruption in East Java on Sunday follows a series of earthquakes on the west of the island, including one last month that killed more than 300 people. The deadly November quake that hit West Java’s Cianjur was a shallow temblor of 5.6 magnitude. A much deeper quake on Saturday in the town of Garut of 6.1 magnitude sent people running from buildings but did not cause major damage. https://colab.research.google.com/drive/1-SLXKr0Tc-RBudsSJTTX3QAjZ4Di9PIB?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/103udLdSy0eDTn28CelGJwwJ_U7o3xLm-?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/116RfOSWOi96ZrjRjR_1zXitQLcYYQniB?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/12VHrsE8AsQO51Qn_AtyNL7GRUfuna_7C?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/15-qDV3MNjiLYQvIJQY46w-JM3y6CiO96?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/15mHlOEcvhbV6Gjo9sWTDJYoLy0T4I40z?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/16CJnIuCmlzFmmR4epkr69EMj1ANO3AWW?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/16swRXRWjUjvtxMTZlGDQ6V3OJtA2yRaB?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/193jgU-OKQ5-GiRKxboNQCZS2C_uIhsBu?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/19ND_7q2iyLZhgxkAbprzRXrD0JSLVMqJ?usp=sharing 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Laser Frequency Doubling
Laser frequency doubling describes the laser whose wavelength is lowered by fifty percent, and also the frequency is doubled by the frequency doubling crystal (LBO, BBO). After the crystal doubles the frequency of 1064nm solid light, it becomes 532 green light. Doubling condition The problem for frequency doubling is that the crystal can discover a direction to make sure that the fundamental frequency laser with frequency f1 and the frequency doubled light with frequency 2 * f1 can have the same refractive index (photon momentum conservation), to make sure that optimal gain feature can exist in the crystal size. The laser can continually convert the power from the f1 basic frequency to the 2 * f1 frequency doubled light. The principle of optical frequency doubling The principle basis for the frequency doubling of light is the nonlinear result of laser light. The laser light is so extreme that it triggers the atomic polarization of the crystalline material, that is, the separation of favorable and unfavorable charge facilities. This separation is a dynamic resonance, as well as the vibration frequency, is consistent with the frequency of the laser. The vibration amplitude is related to the intensity of the laser area. Due to the fact that the laser magnetic field strength and also polarization strength is nonlinear, for second-order nonlinearity, the polarization intensity is proportional to the square of the laser's electric area intensity E. The intensity of the fundamental frequency optical area changes, which can be seen from the trigonometric function, cosa * cosa= 0.5 *( cos2a +1). The second-order nonlinearity will produce double-frequency polarized vibration as well as zero-frequency polarized prejudice. This frequency-doubled polarization (resonance of the range between favorable and also adverse costs) will certainly create frequency-doubled light or contribute in gaining the passing frequency-doubled laser light. Frequency-doubled light problem. This makeover or enhancement of doubled-frequency light requires to fulfill two problems: (1) The basic frequency light leads the doubled frequency light by 0.75 π; (2) The phase difference area stays unmodified in the crystal activity area. The phase distinction area remains the very same, needing the product to have the very same refractive index for both frequencies. Usually, the refractive index of products boosts with light frequency. BBO crystals such as this can meet the exact same refractive index in certain instructions. The regular refractive index guarantees that the spatial coupling area with a specific size in certain instructions in the crystal is fixed and the waveform difference is steady. There is a specific deviation in practice, so the combining size is limited, which is the particular size of the laser crystal. https://www.laser-crylink.com/laser-products/nonlinear-crystal/bbo-crystal/ Classification of frequency-doubling crystals. Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP), potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP), potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP), dihydrogen arsenate crucible (DCDA), and also various other crystals. They are a representative variety of crystals that produce dual-frequency and other nonlinear optical impacts, appropriate for use in the near-ultraviolet-visible as well as near-infrared areas, and have a big damage limit. Lithium niobate (LN), salt barium niobate, potassium niobate, α-type lithium iodate, and also various other crystals. The additional nonlinear electric polarization coefficient is huge, and the refractive index of crystals such as LN as well as BNN is sensitive to temperature, which varie from the temperature level adjustment features of the diffusion impact. People can readjust the temperature level suitably to accomplish non-critical matching. Appropriate for the noticeable light area as well as the mid-infrared area (0.4 μ-5μ). LN is prone to refractive index change and photodamage under light; the damage limit of BNN is more than that of LN, but the strong remedy area is larger, as well as the structure is easy to transform, causing inadequate optical uniformity, and also big crystals with excellent efficiency are tough to get; potassium niobate has no strong service In the melting zone, it is feasible to obtain big crystals with consistent optical residential or commercial properties; α lithium iodate is a liquid service growth crystal, which can expand big crystals with excellent optical quality, as well as the damages threshold is more than that of BNN crystals. The downside is that it has no non-critical matching capacity. Semiconductor crystals. Semiconductor crystals consist of gallium arsenide, gallium arsenide, zinc sulfide, cadmium zinc oxide, selenium, etc. Their square nonlinear electric polarization coefficients are more than those of the first 2 crystals and also appropriate for bigger infrared bands Nevertheless, except for selenium and tellurium, the majority of crystals have no dual refraction result and can not attain setting matching. Borate, barium metaborate (β-BaB2O4), lithium triborate (LiB3O5), and so on. Amongst them, Researchers efficiently created barium metaborate and also lithium triborate crystals for the first time in the 1980s. As well as had the superior benefits of big nonlinear optical coefficients as well as high laser damages limit. It is an exceptional crystal material for laser frequency conversion, which has actually created terrific consequences worldwide. Ideal for ultraviolet wavelengths, consisting of KBF, etc, even for deep ultraviolet wavelengths. The basic requirements for the amount frequency, distinction frequency, and also optical parameter oscillation effects of nonlinear optical crystals are the same as those of dual-frequency crystals.
Russia to Move Troops From Belarus to Occupied Ukraine: Kyiv
The general staff of Ukraine's armed forces Sunday said Russia is planning to transfer some of its units and personnel stationed in Belarus into the occupied territories of Ukraine. This comes as Russian losses mount, retreats have happened and a looming harsh winter approaches. "It is expected that the grouping of the enemy's troops operating in the temporarily occupied and temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine will be strengthened due to the transfer of individual units from the territory of the Republic of Belarus after they acquire combat capabilities," they wrote. According to the Ukraine armed forces, there have been more than 87,000 Russian deaths since the full-scale war in Ukraine began in February. The war has entered its 277th day and 10th month. Russia amassed troops along Ukraine's northern and western borders in late January while it also conducted military with neighboring Belarus. Russia attacked Ukraine on February 24 this year and there have been heavy casualties on both sides. Belarus has been an ally of Russia the entire time and has provided airspace and territory for Russian missile strikes into Ukraine, the general staff noted. Since the war began, Russia has failed to overtake Kyiv, Lviv and Odesa, but they occupied many regions in the eastern portion of Ukraine. Russia has occupied most of the Donbas Oblast, which includes Luhansk, Severodonetsk, Donetsk and Mariupol. They occupied the Crimea peninsula in 2014. Just two weeks ago, Army Gen. Mark Milley, the U.S. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said Russia had suffered more than 100,000 losses (including deaths plus injuries) and that there had been 40,000 civilian deaths of Ukrainians. He also noted Russia will take "weeks" to evacuate Kherson. "The initial indicators are they are in fact doing it," Milley said of Russia's retreat from Kherson. "I believe they're doing it in order to preserve their force, to reestablish defensive lines south of the (Dnieper) river, but that remains to be seen." U.S. National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said the United States will continue monitoring Russia's claim of retreating Kherson. Sullivan said it would be a major win, but not necessarily the end of war. "If this does come to pass, that will mean in the battle of Kyiv, in the battle of Kherson, in the battle of Kharkiv, the Ukrainians will have prevailed against an invading, marauding force that conducted an illegal war in their country,'' Sullivan said this month. "But of course, it's not the end of the war.'' Ukraine says Russian had 600 deaths within the last day. https://colab.research.google.com/drive/1-z1HgZ2tiBwdPQ0LZkLXZUmp-iIzTnhT?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/108qF9dj_pT2oewybhVcrdUxe3wJsgPyT?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/12fouYbK5UqTq4mWXVAQgFfN-E7uvH6iz?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/15s7QLHn6K_8OPve0LqcAjlaP7OA-8vcc?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/17aSC2ZY7w9TBytWfxTl7dV0O946hkW1d?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/18S4tN0evhr41znssafJCAqtGULOCZXQW?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/18xCiHF1agxF6Mvs6QZpQUIRj-v1drDU6?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/1ArdqhqEx4fagZahfgJwwRZ3oZYT5sIbZ?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/1ERFWxyxAbRQ3BhQX2Lpq1QnQfj7ynQfq?usp=sharing https://colab.research.google.com/drive/1F_29OEDdXYMe6MExDf25bM-DGz1B8jca?usp=sharing 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Visiting the City of Gunsan in South Korea
Korea has a complicated, heartbreaking history, but in Gunsan the struggle to grapple with the past is especially strong. In cities like Seoul, most of the city was torn apart first by the Japanese then by the Korean war, and then again in the 80s by the desire to "modernize." So when you look at Seoul, you have to actively look for pieces of hardships of the 20th century. Gunsan though was not touched by the Korean war (except for losing their train station) so all of the architecture from the 1920s that the Japanese built while they colonized the country and set up a system of taking all of their food, remains. Gunsan does a fantastic job of showcasing the history while also standing up for Korea and sharing the hardships the citizens went through during this time. It was a great history lesson and I'm thankful that they had so much info in English! First stop was Cafe Teum, an old grainery that turned into a cafe after it was abandoned and in disarry. Then I went to the Hitotsu House, a two story Japanese style house in the center of the Shinheungdong neighborhood where all the rich Japanese people lived before the 1950s. It's very rare to see any Japanese architecture in Korea because it was all torn down by the war or by citizens wanting to tear down what the colonizers left behind. Next was Dongguksa, the only Japanese style temple left in Korea. It was stunning and so peaceful with a little tea house and tons of bamboo. Last up was the rail town and architecture museum which I adored. I learned so much on this trip and I hope you learned something too :) Watch my trip there here: