What was the first video game? In the month of October in 1958 Physicist William Higinbotham created what is believed to be the first ever video-based game.
It was a simple tennis game that was akin to the popular 1980s game Pong and was quite popular at an open house at the Brookhaven National Laboratory open house. Higinbotham was born the 25th of October 1909 in Bridgeport, CT and grew up in Caledonia, NY.
His graduation in 1932 from Williams College in 1932, and went on to graduate school in the field of physics in Cornell University. While at Cornell as an undergraduate student, he worked as an electronic technician. After 1941, he was a part of in the MIT Radiation Lab, where was working on cathode-ray tubes for displays in radar. In 1943, he relocated from Los Alamos to Los Alamos to work on electronics for a timing device for the nuclear bomb.
In 1948, he was a member of Brookhaven National Laboratory's instrumentation team. He was the the head of the group from 1951 until 1968.
In October, Brookhaven hosted the annual day of visitors, where thousands of visitors were invited to tour the laboratory. Higinbotham was the one who designed an exhibit that showed the instruments division's work.
The majority of the exhibits were boring. Higinbotham was convinced that he could keep the attention of visitors by making an interactive exhibit. He later mentioned in a interview in a magazine that he considered "it might liven up the place to have a game that people could play, and which would convey the message that our scientific endeavors have relevance for society."
The instrumentation group was equipped with an analog computer of a tiny size which could show various curves, such as the trajectory of a ball that bounces using an oscilloscope. It took Higinbotham just a few hours to conceptualize the idea of a tennis match, and just a couple of days to create the components. He had worked on radar displays and other electronic gadgets, Higinbotham had no trouble in creating the simple display for the game.
What Was the First Video Game?
Like the debates surrounding numerous inventions and discoveries The question of the very first game on video, and the creator of it have various answers.
However, if you sort through the chaos it will be easier to narrow your choices and narrow down some potential candidates.
Bertie the Brain
According to some sources, the first video game developed is Bertie the Brain - constructed in 1950 by an inventor known as Josef Kates.
This huge, massive machine, which was four meters high it played a classic childhood game called Tic-Tac-Toe and was on display at the Canadian National Exhibition.
For months, attendees at the Canadian National Exhibition were able to test an artificial mind of Bertie the Brain with varying levels of difficulty at their pleasure. In its day, Bertie was a marvel of technology that never before seen.
Unfortunately, this aspect of our history was discarded towards the end of the exhibit and dismissed as a mere "novelty," even if it was a fantastical one.
We're returning to our definitions of an online game, one of which Bertie the Brain isn't quite able to fulfill.
Tennis for Two: The World's First Video Game
In October of 1958, Tennis for Two, the first game to actually be played on video, was made available to the public. It was played during an open house in Brookhaven National Laboratory. Brookhaven National Laboratory. One of the very first games on television created by William Higinbotham, turned out to be the highlight of the show to the delight of guests as well as Higinbotham himself. People queued up to play their turn participate in Tennis for Two.
With a tiny analog computer, users could alter two knobs and press an icon, which played tennis games on an oscilloscope. It was basically an earlier version of cult game Pong which would become popular 14 years afterward.
The game took just a few hours to create which was also a massive hit. Higinbotham was thrilled, since his small experiment accomplished exactly what he wanted to achieve in bringing life to an otherwise boring and dull occasion.
Higinbotham created video games in order to prove that science doesn't have to be all about destruction and war.
Tennis for Two quickly became the most talked about piece in the show, and captivated the attention of those that played, in spite of the absence of fancy graphics or intricate controls. The players wrote their scores as well as challenges given out.
Then, little did Higinbotham know that day that he had created an era-defining movement. The movement would continue to expand over the next few years and eventually transform the industry of entertainment into the present.
Similar to its predecessor Bertie the Brain, Tennis for Two was almost lost to the world after the event was hosted by Brookhaven National Laboratory. It wasn't until a few decades later when the seeds planted that day would bloom and begin to grow.
William Higinbotham, despite being acknowledged as the creator of the very first game invented, did not decide to focus on this area of research and study. He left the project in other competent hands, he went back to his research in the field of nuclear weapons control throughout the course of his life.
Tennis for Two, a crucial part of the history of gaming was destroyed and its components were used in various projects, ruining it for ever and making it a forgotten relic from the past.
However, the story continued to go on and from that point onwards, the video game business would continue to expand exponentially growing in popularity as years went by.
What Was the World's First Video Game?
On a day of autumn in the middle of October 1958, a nuclear physicist Dr. William "Willy" Higinbotham, prepared something very special for people who attended Brookhaven's annual public exhibit.
In the past, visitors, mostly local students -- had attended the event but left without having a connection to the static exhibits that showcased the lab's significant, but complicated and confusing research.
As the person responsible for the displays for the show the Dr. Higinbotham decided he needed to develop something that was more engaging for his guests and amuse guests while showcasing the latest technologies at the laboratory.
Through this research Higinbotham was able to create something unique. Higinbotham created something unique and the guests who came to Brookhaven in the fall of 1958 became the first "gamers."
A Nuclear Physicist Invents Video Games
It's a bit odd it is that. Higinbotham's history is interwoven with the advent of video games, for a variety of reasons.
One reason is Dr. Higinbotham never worked for any major toy manufacturer. He couldn't find an early video game manufacturer similar to Atari. He was also not advocating for video games in his life.
Instead, in one the many happy coincidences of the past the late the late Dr. Higinbotham was instead a highly respected physicist who had an extensive and prestigious career in government research and human rights work.
Dr. Higinbotham's career was launched in World War II, when Dr. Higinbotham was in charge of the electronics division within the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the laboratory famous for generating one of the first nuclear weapon.
When he was at Los Alamos, he was involved in the development of the ignition system that would be used to ignite the first nuclear bomb.
Following the war After the war, the Dr. Higinbotham became deeply involved in the nuclear nonproliferation movement, a campaign aimed at reducing the proliferation and proliferation of nuclear arms.
For the majority of his professional career the majority of his time, he worked as an employee at Brookhaven where he held a variety of different posts, including as the head for the Instrumentation Division.