Punctures can be quite off putting for new and recreational cyclists, particularly if you’re not equipped with the knowledge or kit to get yourself back on the road.
1. Puncture Resistant Tires
Tires resistant to puncturing are one of the best purchases you can make in avoiding future punctures. They do weigh a bit more than regular tires, but unless you are racing than you won't really notice.
2. Avoid Road Debris
Road debris such as nails, glass, and the like are bound to be on the street. This debris usually collects around the sides of the streets, so if you can you should try to avoid these areas while riding. Even riding a few feet away from the gutter will help a lot.
3. Properly Install Tubes
Sometimes the most frustrating thing is not the first flat, but the second flat you get from improperly installing your replacement tube. Make sure you know how to install a new tube without pinching, you'll appreciate this skill eventually.
4. Correct Tire Pressure
You could get a flat from too much or not enough air. Make sure you have a good floor pump with a PSI gauge. Make sure to check your tires at least every other ride. Never go over the maximum PSI rating for your tire. The lighter you are the less air you really need in your tires. Look up weight charts associated with PSI for your size wheel.
5. Replace Old Tires
When tires start to dry out and/or crack it may be time to consider buying a new set of tires. As I mentioned before, you should consider puncture resistant tires.
6. Use New Inner Tubes
Yes, it is much cheaper to just patch a tube with a patch kit to save old tubes. However, patch kits will never make a broken tube perfect again and it will be more susceptible to breaking again. Spend a few bucks and just put in a new tube!
7. Use Rim Tape
This should be a given, but rim tape sometimes gets moved and misplaced over time. Make sure the tape on the inside of your rim is covering all the spoke nipples (except the hole for your tube's valve).