Okay, so you just bought your first DSLR camera. The first thing you did was unpack the camera, take a few peeks at the manual, put the lens on, and start snapping everything that comes in your sight. After a few weeks, you are tired of Automatic Mode and want to explore the different functions on the camera, but you do not understand what each function does or how to make the most out of the it. First mistake of most beginning DSLR users: neglecting the User Manual. If you have no background in photography, the user manual is a good source to help you learn the basics (aperture, ISO, and exposure). The first area every DSLR user should know is their Camera Mode. Automatic Mode: The most selected mode among DSLR users. The camera does most of the work in determining the best aperture, shutter speed, and white balance to get the best picture it can get. Portrait Mode: If your subject is a single person this mode will select a large aperture to make your subject the focus with a blurred background Macro mode: This is for close up shots and is perfect for small objects. Landscape Mode: Your camera will use a small aperture and large depth of field to focus on your entire scene. Sports Mode/Action Mode: This is perfect for shooting moving subjects such as children, pets, and cars. Your camera will use a high shutter speed to freeze and catch your subject whit it moves. Night Mode: If you are shooting in low light or in the dark, this mode will choose a long exposure time to expose the background. Flash will also appear to illuminate your foreground subjects. Aperture Priority Mode: This mode gives you the freedom of choosing your aperture value and the camera will select prosper shutter speed to expose the scene. Shutter Priority Mode: You can select your shutter speed and the camera will select the best aperture to give your photo the correct aperture. Program Mode: Very similar to automatic mode except the ability to control features such as flash, white balance, and ISO. Manual Mode: This is where you have full control with your camera, but also the most advance. You will have to determine the value based on different lighting situations.