These tips from Wes Siler at Indefinitely Wild will keep you safe and alive while enduring the cold outdoors on your next camping trip, hike thru, or other outdoor activity. Pay attention! 1) Cover Up: Where a hat, scarf, gloves, etc. Insulation is key. Your mom was right when she said "layer up." Cover exposed skin and your head, or you'll be losing heat. Don't just cover up the cold parts: your extremities feel cold because your entire body is working hard to pump warm blood as it cools. You'll warm faster (extremities included!) by warming your whole body, not just your hands. Layer under your jeans, too: warm socks aren't gonna keep you warm on their own. 2) Layer Up: The more layers you have, the more air you are trapping, and the more air that has to be cooled before your body begins to cool. Insulation, again, is key! Learn the specifics of layers before. 3) Base Layers: You need to stay dry when you're cold (or else you'll break a sweat, and that (in the worst cases) could kill you. Base layers should be used to keep you dry by sucking moisture away from your skin. Some garments are able to effectively regulate body temperature throughout a wide variety of temperatures, if worn appropriately For general cold weather wear, those are the best base layers we can recommend. 4) Mid-Layers: Down jackets, wool sweaters, fleece sweatpants. Bulky insulation is the way to go. This is probably the first layer you'll take off when it warms up. 5) The Shell: You've got a base, and some insulation with mid layers. Now, you need to keep dry and add a final layer. Time to get ahold of a shell! For general camping and outdoors activities, the soft shell is more than enough (hard shells are for more persistent weather conditions). Unzip all pit zips and vents when doing any recreation; zip them up when you're feeling cold. 6) Beyond layers: Put on a weatherproof pair of pants, not jeans, and layer appropriately. For your feet and hands, you'll be warmest and driest with good silk sock or glove liners worn under a wool insulation layer. The outer layer of your feet and hands should be waterproof and provide a final level of insulation. Cover your head and neck: make it wool or silk.