Psychologist Kevin Dutton presents the classic psychological test known as "the trolley problem" with a variation.
We’ve all heard the old philosophical scenario known as the trolley problem: as the runaway vehicle of the name careens out of control toward the edge of a cliff, you must choose whether to pull the lever to switch it to another track. The catch: while the trolley would then no longer plunge off that cliff, bringing about the certain deaths of the five people aboard, it would instead kill someone standing on the other track, who will survive if you don’t pull the lever. In a more fraught version of the problem, you must choose not whether to pull a lever, but whether to shove a person of considerable bulk onto the (single) track, stopping the trolley but killing the bulky individual.
Hypothetically, there is someone in the world dying now and I could stop it by donating to that charity, or running over to whatever location it is and putting out the fire. I, as well as anyone, could stop these deaths. Realistically no, but we can. What is considered killing these people in this case? Proximity? Competence to save them?
I'm not sure what the answer is, but it's interesting to think about, to be sure.