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Bioplastic Fantastic

Avec son projet Bioplastic Fantastic, Johanna Schmeer explore de nouveaux types d'objets et d’interactions que les avancées récentes dans les bio et nano-technologies permettent. Elle a ainsi imaginé des dispositifs biologiques synthétisant à partir de bioplastiques enrichis aux enzymes quelques uns des nutriments les plus essentiels. Leur forme s'inspirant de micro-organismes avec des fonctions similaires dans la nature. Malgré l'aspect presque magique de ces processus, l'accent est pourtant moins mis sur la réalisation technique et scientifique que sur les interactions, l'esthétisme et les sensations induits par ces objets.
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Graphic Design Tip: How to Brainstorm an Effective Logo
Before I started going to art school, my parents (as a lot of parents do) really overestimated my own abilities. During my high school years, they launched their own non-profit organization for breast cancer advocacy, where the entire group was essentially run out of a room of our house. My father was in charge of building the website and making sure that it ran smoothly. My mother was the spokesperson, often attending various conventions and symposiums to address those in the medical field about breast cancer and HER2+, a more aggressive expression. Launching the group was running quite smoothly until my parents approached me with a favor. They wanted me to design their logo. Andddd it didn't go so well. They gave up and found a professional. Fast forward to my life after art school, and I'm looking back at my high school years wishing I could have helped teenage me come up with a great logo design. While creating a logo is not as easy as it looks, it really is perhaps one of my favorite design challenges. There is a lot to consider when you're making a logo, and I've decided that it might be helpful to make a simplified list for all of you Vingle designers so that you can go out into the branding world and create beautiful things! 1. Keep it simple. As fun as it is to be given the opportunity to really utilize your creative side, it really isn't the appropriate time to start busting out all of those fancy and elaborate tricks you might have learned doing other projects. Creating a visually 'busy' logo is just not effective marketing. 2. Keep in mind that you're creating a symbol to represent a company. It can be pretty direct symbolism, ie: the apple logo for Apple or the red cross for American Red Cross, or it can be more abstract, similar to the Nike swoosh. Another popular logo option is to reduce down to a strictly typographic design. Disney or Kellogg's is a good example of effective typographic logos. Get creative, but keep it simple. My favorite example of balance between creativity and minimalism is the FedEx logo. Have you ever noticed there's an arrow between the E and the X? 3. Do your research. Before thumbnailing your own logo ideas, think of all of the logos you've seen that really caught your attention. Even try drawing them out freehand. Look up interviews with the advertising designers behind some of the world's most famous logos. I would recommend "To Inform and Delight", a documentary about Milton Glaser, the artist who designed the I♥NY logo. 4. When you're finally ready, begin making a list of all the descriptive words you associate with the company and how you want your audience to feel when looking at your logo, like 'friendly' or 'sophisticated'. Then think about your nouns. When you think about your company, what images come to mind? If you were creating a logo for Tropicana Orange Juice, for example, maybe the first thing you think of is a tree or an orange or a glass. Try to think of as many nouns as possible, as these will definitely help you when you start putting pencil to paper. 4. USE YOUR SKETCHBOOK. I can't stress the importance of this. I feel like a lot of artists go straight to their laptops and begin working on Photoshop or Illustrator over working on actual thumbnails first. Technology can really stifle the creative process that is so important in the early stages of design. Draw at least 100 thumbnails in your sketchbook. It will really help you push your own boundaries and give you a number of ideas to choose from. 5. When considering which thumbnail you want to use, think about the different ways your logo will be translated for pamphlets, packages, and other promotional materials. Does your logo translate well to color AND black and white? How does it look on a dark background versus a light background? How does the logo look with text and without text? Is it as visually effective when you adjust the scale? Manipulate your logo over and over, and if it is still recognizable, you probably have yourself a really iconic logo! I hope this can help some of you designers and marketers, especially those of you who might be in the middle of branding or rebranding a company. The logo is always the first start! Happy designing!
The Works of Dale Chihuly The Atlantis Collection
ABOVE - A detail of "The Crystal Gate" installation in the Atlantis Resort, Nassau, The Bahamas. Dale Chihuly is a blown glass designer/sculptor whose works are considered unique to the field of blown glass, "moving it into the realm of large-scale sculpture". His works are legendary in the realm of art glass and he is considered a modern master through his mixing of traditional glass blowing techniques (learned in Venice Italy) and new techniques he’s developed to create works of mind-blowing intricacy and scale. Since a serious car accident in 1976 left him blinded in one eye and a body surfing accident in 1979 left him unable to hold the glass blowing pipe. He has since hired others to do the manual labor in bringing his designs to life. He calls himself “more of a choreographer than a dancer… more of a supervisor than a participant… more a director than an actor.” His large installations are on display in permanent collections all over the world, including in the United States, Canada, England, Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and Nassau, the Bahamas at the Atlantis Resort. ABOVE - A detail of "The Crystal Gate" installation in the Atlantis Resort, Nassau, The Bahamas. The challenges in shooting such amazing works of art are many: SCALE - These massive installations are so large and complex that to capture the truly amazing detail and unique beauty of each you really need to shoot close-up images. The scale is then lost. But to shoot wide to establish each work in the environment they were places (designed for), you loose the finer details that make these works so awe inspiring. I knew when I was booked to shoot a corporate event in the Atlantis that the four large Chihuly installations were top of my list for my own "must shoot" items for the trip. I'd seen wide photo after wide photo and once on site and standing in amazement at their complexity and detail I decided to shoot long and tight - opting to not focus on scale so much as detail but knowing that certain angles would convey the size of their settings and therefore express their monumental size. LOCATION - These works of art are the show pieces of the busiest part of the resort, the casino. There isn't a time day or night that these works of art are not surrounded by people. Having the time to set up a shot and take it would be difficult. LOCATION - Because photography in the casino proper is not allowed, I was limited to the angles I could select. This meant going for my 300mm f/2.8 lens - large, heavy, and in need of some sort of support (i.e. tripod or monopod). It wasn't going to be possible to stop in a busy walkway and set up a tripod - so I decided to experiment with hand-held shots. LOCATION - Again, because of the location I couldn't increase shutter speed with the use of a speedlight. Flash photography was strictly prohibited inside the resort. The areas these installations occupied were dimly lit, which worked to the advantage of their display (since they are all internally lit), but with large lenses you have the hand-held rule of photography - if you don't want blur from the lens shaking you must shoot the second equivalent of the total focal length of the lens. Meaning I had to shoot at 1/350 second or higher to keep from having shake/blur in the images from holding that massive lens hand-held. I adjusted ISO to compensate and I used anything I could to steady my body/arms as I hoisted 12lbs of camera and lens up to get my shots. ABOVE -At the main entrance of the Atlantis Casino, "The Crystal Gate" installation stands 18 feet tall. Made of individual crystal glass shafts (3,100 to be exact), it is an amazing work of beauty as well as being a feat of design and engineering. Weighing over 30,000 pounds, it simply is an astoundingly beautiful and complex sculpture. Chihuly Atlantis Exhibits – Dale Chihuly was commissioned by the owner and builder of The Atlantis to make four grand statement works for the casino. Each is insured for over a million US dollars, they are all uniquely individual yet collectively appropriate for the design and theme of the Atlantis's main casino. The Crystal Gate - The Crystal Gate is a glittering tower of crystal soaring nearly 20 feet into the air at the entrance to the Atlantis Casino weighing 30,000 pounds and is made of 3,100 hand-blown crystals. It is the grand statement piece as you enter the casino – a marvel of crystal shapes and forms. It was by far my favorite piece, the pure scale and ambition of it spoke to me. I took dozens of photos of it and each angle reveals a new character and symmetry. ABOVE - The Temple of the Moon rests atop a large elevated platform. It sits opposite the casino from The Temple of the Sun. Between the two in the center of the room, suspended from the ceiling, is the Seaform Chandelier. Temple of the Moon & The Temple of the Sun - The challenge was to bring beauty to paradise -- and the Sun and Moon. Chihuly was commissioned to make dazzling yet approachable sculpture for the new Atlantis Resort Hotel on Paradise Island in the Bahamas. SPECIAL NOTE - Having the ability to step OUTSIDE the casino and shoot a photo such as the one above is one of the many reasons why I will ALWAYS travel with a super-telephoto lens. Having a 300, 400, 500, or 600mm lens available makes shots like the one above a reality. ABOVE - The Temple of the Moon – Each of the surface "plates" of the Temple of the Moon in itself is an amazing work of art. Cobalt blue mixes with silverish white and translucent blues to create a soothing and symmetrical opposite to the Temple of the Sun across the casino. “I knew I could create the sun very successfully, but the moon would have to somehow be blown and constructed in an entirely original way. I knew it would be difficult and force me to make something new.” ~ Dale Chihuly Beautifully rendered relief paintings of the twelve signs of the zodiac circle the Sun and Moon installations. BELOW - The dynamic and explosive colors and design of the Temple of the Sun are indeed a striking contrast to the relaxing and calming coolness of the Temple of the Moon. Temple of the Sun – The Temple of the Sun is a giant ball of flame-like tentacles of yellow, orange, and red elements radiating from its globe. It resembles a fearsome underwater creature of beauty and mystery while at the same time it could also easily be said that it is a representation of the violence and danger that reaches out from the center of every star into space. The Temple of the Sun has more than 2,300 yellow, orange, and red elements radiating from a fiery globe atop a replica of a Mayan temple. AND THEN THERE WAS THE SEA - BELOW - In the center of the room, caught between the two extremes of the sun and moon rests the Seaform Chandelier. The Seaform Chandelier – Featuring 900 unique hand blown elements depicting a wide assortment of ocean life in abstract form; this stunning 12ft diameter glass sculpture is located in the center of the Bacarat Lounge within sight of the two massive “Temple” sculptures. It features a number of instantly recognizable ocean shapes such starfish and then flows into shapes reminiscent of dolphins and other aquatic life. It is also an interesting "buffer" between the two extremes of the Temples. There are hints of gold and reds found in the Temple of the Sun, and cooler whites and bluish grey found in the Temple of the Moon. BELOW - In and around the casino are numerous smaller Chihuly works known as Macchia Bowls. Macchia Bowls - Derived from the Latin macula, the Italian word “macchia” connotes simply a stain or a spot, but it has a much richer range of meaning. Since the Renaissance, macchia has been associated with a sketchy way of applying the initial color to a drawing or painting. Particularly appropriate for the late style of the Venetian painter Titian, the word characterizes his emphasis on brushwork and summary treatment of form. In the seventeenth century, macchia designated the special quality of improvisational sketches that appear to be nature’s miraculous creation rather than mere human work. When Chihuly appropriates the term “Macchia” for his series, he gives back to the word some of its traditional meanings, particularly the emphasis on spontaneity, on artistic collaboration with technique rather than mere control of it. There is an undeniable sense of continuity and purpose to the master works on display at the Atlantis. Each piece although completely unique in design, shape, and color, flows into the next as a collective series should. Each alone is breathtaking and awe inspiring; but together they are an experience. The Atlantis is a destination without question, but the entire island of Nassau offers a unique treasure of culture and history that should not be missed if you ever have the chance to visit. For me, the chance to experience these beautiful installations in person and then be challenged in attempting to capture their beautify in photographs was one of the many highlights of my trip. © Copyright 2011-2015, Jon Patrick Hyde, All Rights Reserved.
Clinical trial phases
Clinical trials are a type of research conducted to study new tests, treatments, and drugs and evaluate their outcomes, side effects, and efficacy on human health. There are various medical interventions, including drugs, biological products, radiological procedures, devices, behavioral treatments, surgical procedures, and preventive care in which people volunteer to take part. Take the Best Training in Clinical Research. Clinical trial phases Biomedical, clinical trials include the following four clinical research phases: ● Phase I of clinical trials usually studies new drugs for the first time in a small group of people to evaluate a safe dosage range and identify side effects. ● Phase II of clinical trials studies test treatments that were found safe in phase I of clinical trials. However, phase II is conducted on a larger group of human subjects for monitoring any adverse effects. ● Phase III of clinical trials is conducted in different regions and countries and on larger populations. Phase III is the step conducted right before a new treatment or drug is approved. ● Phase IV of clinical trials is conducted after a country approves, but there is still a need for further testing efficacy in a larger population over a longer timeframe. . Take Clinical Research Course from the Best. There are various guidelines outlined by different international and national organizations for ensuring careful design, review, and completion of the process. Clinical trials require approval before they can even begin. People of all ages, including children, can volunteer to participate in clinical trials. However, various guidelines direct the participation of people in clinical trials. These guidelines can relate to underlying health conditions, side effects from other drugs, and so on.
Pharmacovigilance & Best Pharmacovigilance Training
Pharmacovigilance or drug safety in lay man language. Pharmacovigilance is the science that connects to the detection, collection, monitoring, assessment, and prevention of the negative effects of pharmaceutical products. Pharmaceutical vigilance mainly involves the evaluation of information and facts provided by the health care providers. Pharmacovigilance excessively focuses on the adverse reactions of drugs, defined as the response to an unintended and noxious drug. It also includes the inefficiency of the drug. Errors like abuse and overdose of the medication and drug exposure during pregnancy despite the lack of an adverse effect are considered to result in an adverse drug reaction. Pharmacovigilance is extremely important to determine the usability and the effects of any drug. Any pharmacovigilance service centre undergoes special clinical research training through several clinical research course. This is one of the major departments of any pharmaceutical company. Any pharmacovigilance process mainly consists of four stages. These stages include: Pharmacovigilance Detection Process: This is the first stage in the vigilance process of any drug. It begins with the safety information that comes from several sources, which may be either solicited or unsolicited. Those that are received as a result of the targeted data collection form the solicited data sources. These include clinical trials with one or three phases and post-marketing, including interventional and non-interventional studies and research. Solicited sources also include organized systems that have a well-defined public health purpose and a scientific and clinical purpose. Solicited sources also include personalized programs forum-registered drug administration. Unsolicited sources are spontaneous and those which are received without any form of request. These sources generally include regulatory authorities, literature reports, patients and healthcare providers, license providers, internet, journal, books, and other resources. Pharmacovigilance Assessment Process: After the initial collection of all the required data, ICSR assessment is conducted. This assessment mainly includes: 1. Triage: This phase of potential adverse event report involves the major function of establishing the validity of an ICSR. Any valid ICSR should mainly possess an identifiable patient, an identifiable reporter, suspect drug, and an adverse event. 2. Data Entry: Any pharmaceutical company maintains its own suitable database. After validation, the drug parameters are entered into this safe database. The further steps in data entry include determining seriousness, coding the adverse events, assessing causality, assessing labeling, and concise and legible narrative writing. 3. Questioning Process: Any clarifications and additions discrepancies are raised and cleared during this phase of the assessment. 4. Reviewing: Physicians and other professionals review the safety regulations that emphasize the seriousness, causality, labeling, etc. 5. Closure of the case: The completed report, including all the parameters, is submitted to the required authorities. . Learn Best Clinical Research Course. Understanding and Analysing the Drug safety profile: The data collected is reviewed and analyzed to understand the safety profile of the drug using a periodic benefit-risk evaluation report which includes data collected from all forms of clinical trials and spontaneous trials for which a risk-benefit analysis is conducted. Particular adverse reaction follow-up queries are used to get structured information on reported suspected adverse reactions. A risk management plan and development safety update report is also made. Signal analysis is also conducted. Prevention of the negative effects: This phase is the final stage of pharmacovigilance. Performing minimization of risk activities in order to update the summary of the product description, a leaflet of patient information, labeling and packaging, and legal status of the medication is done in this phase. This stage also includes the monitoring of this minimization of risk activities. Collaboration in the field of pharmacovigilance forms the foundation of the WHO program for international drug monitoring. These reports are generally analyzed locally and could lead to action within the country itself. The WHO program membership of any country helps them keep up with similar researches and reports that are made worldwide. When there are multiple reports of a particular drug, this process may lead to a detection of a signal which could be hazardous to the human body. Ecopharmocovigilance: Procedures for monitoring the drug concentrations and the ill effects of these drugs on the environment lack despite the FDA. A concept including environmental pharmacology and pharmacovigilance focuses on this domain. The activities of ecopharmacovigilance include increasing the facts available on the environmental effects on the drug, use of environmental risk management plans, tracking new data on the exposure to the environment, risk identification, etc. There are several pharmacovigilance courses that focus on this aspect of the field.
Product Photography - DIY
Make your trinkets look legit in photos--that you happen to take yourself. With just a few tools (that you already own), you can take professional-looking product photos of just about anything that's small. I found this DIY hack on LifeHack.org. You can read the full article here if you'd like. Photo credit: Canon/Little Visuals via littlevisuals.co What you need: Camera Laptop Shiny black surface (like a tablet that's not turned on) Piece of white paper Small light 2 Binder clips (And any item you want to photograph, like a perfume bottle) Get Started 1. Google search for "bokeh" in images. Find an interesting picture you'd like to use as your background. Download the image and open to fill the screen. 2. Lay the item with the shiny black surface, (like a tablet) over your keyboard 3. Angle the screen at a slightly forward to prevent a glare. 4. If need be, lower the brightness setting on your laptop so it's not too bright. 5. Place object (you want to photograph) on the shiny surface in front of the screen. 6. Clip the sheet of paper at two ends using binder clips. 7. Placement of the paper should be at the left corner of your laptop keyboard. 8. Using a small lamp, shine the light through the paper to the object. 9. Face camera straight on in front of laptop. 10. Take photo. This is what your ordinary perfume bottle looks like when you're finished. Photo editing software no longer needed. TIP Make sure your shiny black surface is clean and free of debris, finger prints and lint. A compressed can of air can eliminate dust and lint very well.
Principles regulating clinical trials worldwide
Clinical research training Clinical research training programs are designed for clinicians and scientists around the world. These research training programs provide advanced training in healthcare methods and research. The training often incorporates in-person seminars and dynamic workshops. It focuses on enhancing clinicians’ and staff skills, knowledge, and ability at every phase of the research, particularly for pre-clinical research phases. The training includes writing grant proposals and launching new projects for analyzing data and presenting their clinical results. . Take the Best Training in Clinical Research. Principles regulating clinical trials worldwide ● Obtaining clear, transparent, and informed consent from participants. ● Allowing participants to withdraw at any point of time from a clinical trial. ● The outcome of the clinical research should provide benefits to society without doing any harm to the participants who volunteered to participate in the clinical trial. Any unintended response to a drug or medical product should be considered an adverse reaction. Clinical trials are required to follow the following guidelines and more to ensure the safety of patients and efficacy of tests and treatments. However, stringent requirements may force clinical trials to shift to low-income and middle-income countries depriving the local population of the opportunity to benefit from international clinical research. ● ● A declaration of confirmation by the auditor that an audit has been conducted. ● The auditor should provide a written evaluation of the results of the audit. ● A written description of a clinical trial or study. ● Report of placebo or any investigational product if used in the clinical trial. ● The ethical and moral obligation to protect patients and reap clinical research benefits. . Take Clinical Research Course from the Best. The conclusions derived from the results of a clinical trial conducted worldwide generally apply to all study centers and countries. It increases the pace of drug development and facilitates the approval process of the tests and treatments in foreign markets. However, clinical trials face several challenges that they should overcome to ensure optimal conduct and coordinate clinical trial sites that operate under different regulations, technical, cultural, and political conditions. Clinical trial sponsors are responsible for obtaining consensus among clinical experts and regulatory agencies regarding fundamental questions that include a consistent diagnosis.