Literary analysis not easy to teach. Students often feel stifled, and are not able to brainstorm and analyze past what is explicitly written in the text without someone there to give them a step-by-step development.
The first step is to get students to understand the text, and then give them the freedom to analyze. This chart, seen on the second image, is a great way to guide them through the steps.
It's not easy to tell students how to think, but I don't think that even this five step system needs to be stuck to too much. The process should be kept very simple, the bear bones of this course, and then they should be given the room to develop within those spaces. This way, students can become passionate about what they are doing!
Teachers in public districts are pushed to teach a certain amount per day, but following this guide, you can push that while also making sure that students are truly learning to synthesize and value their own opinions about the literature, which is incredibly important for literary analysis!
Even if you're not working to teach students, following this charts guidelines to explore your opinions of any piece of written work can be a huge success!!