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Winning the Board

List of FMs, ARs Unit History First Aid Maps and Land Navigation Drill and Ceremony Guard Duty Leadership M16 rifle Handguns M4/m4a1 carbine Crew Served Weapons Military Justice SAEDA Weight Control Army Substance Abuse Program Promotions Uniform wear and appearance Insignias, medals and ribbons NBC (CBRN) Awards and decorations Army programs and services Physical fitness training Maintenance Customs and courtesies Field sanitation Code of conduct Flags Battle focused training Survival The star spangled banner The army song Equal opportunity Geneva conventions (the law of land warfare) Conscientious objections Nco professional development Current events Troop data sheet The nco creed
How to Present Yourself to the Board
1. Knock firmly and loudly (3~4 raps) and enter when told to do so.
2. March in the most direct route towards the president of the board. Halt two steps from the front of the president.
3. Salute: Sergeant Major, Corporal Hwang reports to the president of the board as ordered.
* Hold the salute till the president drops his hand.
4. Be seated when told to do so.
Heels and knees together. Feet at 45 degree angle. Hands resting on the tops of your legs.
5. Opening Statement (date of birth, when you arrived in unit, awards, college, major, etc)
6. Always begin an answer with the title of the person who asks the question, and a brief restatement of the question.
7. 모를 때: "1SG, I don't know the answer to the question, but I know the answer can be found in AR 600-8-22." "!SG, as soon as I find out what MOPP level 0 is, I'll get you back the answer."
8. Leaving: 'dismissed' - position of attention, move to a position within two steps of the president and salute "Warhorse! Blacksmith!" Wait till he drops his hand. In the most direct route execute marching movements toward the door, exit and close the door behind you.
Army Values
Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity, Personal Courage
2ID Imperatives
1. Make ready to fight and win
2. Live an honorable life
3. Treat everyone with dignity and respect
4. Train like your life depends on it
5. Foster a positive command climate where safety is incorporated in all we do.
육군 복무신조
우리의 결의
하나, 우리는 자유민주주의를 수호하며 조국 통일의 역군이 된다.
둘, 우리는 실전과 같은 훈련으로 지상전의 승리자가 된다.
셋, 우리는 법규를 준수하고 상관의 명령에 복종한다.
넷, 우리는 명예와 신의를 지키며 전우애로 굳게 단결한다.
카투사 복무신조 KATUSA Code of Conduct
우리는 주한 미 8군에서 복무하는 대한민국 육군의 일원으로서 국토를 보위하고 자유민주주의를 수호하며 조국 통일과 국위 선양을 위해 다음 사항을 실천한다.
첫째, 우리는 투철한 군인정신으로 부여된 임무에 최선을 다하며 대한민국 육군의 표상이 된다.
둘째, 우리는 법규 및 규정을 준수하고, 적극적이며 능동적인 근무자세로 한미 연합 전투력 증강에 기여한다.
셋째, 우리는 군사외교관으로서의 자부심을 가지고 상호우호 증진의 초석이 된다.
병영생활 행동강령
첫째, 지휘자 이외의 병 상호관계는 명령 복종관계가 아니다.
둘째, 병의 계급은 상호 서열관계를 나타내는 것이며, 지휘자를 제외한 병 상호간에는 명령 지시를 할 수 없다.
셋째, 구타 가혹행위, 인격모독 및 집단 따돌림, 성군기 위반행위는 어떠한 경우에도 금지한다.
Soldier's Creed
I am an American Soldier.
I am a Warrior and a member of a team.
I serve the people of the United States, and live the Army Values.
I will always place the mission first.
I will never accept defeat.
I will never quit.
I will never leave a fallen comrade.
I am disciplined, physically and mentally tough, trained and proficient in my warrior tasks and drills.
I always maintain my arms, my equipment and myself.
I am an expert and I am a professional.
I stand ready to deploy, engage, and destroy the enemies of the United States of America, in close combat.
I am a guardian of freedom and the American way of life.
I am an American Soldier.
Warrior Ethos
I will always place the mission first
I will never accept defeat
I will never quit
I will never leave a fallen comrade
3 General Orders
1: i will guard everything within the limits of my post and quit my post only when properly relieved
2: i will obey my special orders and perform all of my duties in a military manner
3: i will report violations of my special orders, emergencies, and anything not covered in my instructions, to the commander of relief
Warrior's March
We're born in France in '17,
In the Hell of the First World War
With Infantry and Proud Marine,
We Bravely Fought Amidst the Cannons Roar
The Warriors Went Across the Meuse and River Marne,
Our Namess and Our Fame Were Won.
We Marched Home Proudly with Flags Held on High,
And They Called Us, "SECOND TO NONE"
AR 350-30: CODE OF CONDUCT
FM 7-21.13 (AR 600-25): CUSTOM&COURTESY
ADP 7-0: TRAINING UNITS AND DEVELOPING LEADERS
ADP 6-22 (AR 6-22): ARMY LEADERSHIP AND LRM (Leadership Requirement Model)
ATP 6-22: COUNSELING
FM 7-22: PRT
AR 600-8-19: PROMOTION AND REDUCTION
PAM 600-5: WARRIOR STANDARD (2ID)
FM 3-22.9: M4 RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP
FM 3-25.26: MAP READING AND NAVIGATION
FM 4-25.11: FIRST AID
AR 670-1: WEAR AND APPEARANCE
AR 27-10: MILITARY JUSTICE
AR 600-20: ARMY PROGRAMS (SHARP/EO)
AR 600-85: ASAP
AR 750-1: MAINTENANCE
FM 3-11: CBRN
Code of Conduct (AR 350-30)
- It is a minimum set of guidelines and standards American soldiers are required to maintain when captured by an enemy.
- Established on 17 Aug 1955, President Eisenhower
- Amended in May 1988
- Six articles: to provide mental defense of US POW
- Article 1: I am an American, fighting in the forces which guard my country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.
- SERE: Survival, Evasion, Resistance, Escape
- Geneva Convention: it provides rules that POW must be treated humanely.
- only required to give name, rank, service number, and date of birth
- what should POW be searched for?: hidden weapons, documents of intelligence value
Military Customs and Courtesies (FM 7-21.13)
- Salute indoors: reporting to board, reporting to commander, reporting to pay officer, indoor ceremony, ROK, at sentry duty indoors
- salutes are not required: in civilian attire, engaged in routine work if salute would interfere, carrying articles with both hands so occupied, working as a detail, or engaged in sports, in public places (public conveyance/theatre/church), in the ranks of a formation
- walk on their left side with someone senior to you
- salute officers: 6 paces or when you acknowledge him/her (speaking distance)
- what do you do when TAPS is played? render a salute, remove headgear, place hand over heart
- no salute as a prisoner: you have lost the right to salute
- some exceptions when enlisted members exchange salutes: when rendering reports in formation, when reporting to an enlisted president of board
- official song of US ARMY: The Army goes Rolling Along
- who exits a military vehicle first? senior person then in ascending order
- what is the only time that you do not remove your head gear when reporting to an officer indoors? when under arms
- how long is the call 'to the color' - 40 seconds
M16/M4 Marksmanship (FM 3-22.9)
- M4 is a 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air cooled, semi-automatic or three round burst, hand-held, shoulder fired weapon
- 6.49 lbs~7.50 lbs
- Max range: 3600m, max effective range: 550m
- Basic load of ammunition: 210 rounds (7 magazines with 30 rounds)
- Two basic elements of sight picture: sight alignment, placing of the aiming point
- SPORTS (immediate action): slap, pull, observe, release, tap, shoot (squeeze)
- 4 fundamentals of marksmanship: steady position, proper aim (sight picture), breathing, trigger squeeze
- Remedial action is continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage ormal function and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified
- how many times should immediate action applied to weapon? once
- CLP: Cleaner, Lubricant, Preservative
- Clearing
1. point the muzzle in safe direction
2. remove the magazine
3. to lock bolt open, pull charging handle rearward
4. visually inspect the receiver and chamber
5. press the upper position of bolt catch to allow the bolt to go forward
6. place the select or lever on semi and squeeze the trigger
7. pull the charging handle fully rearward and release it
8. place the select or lever on safe
9. close the ejection port cover
- upper receiver, lower receiver, spring, buffer assembly, charging handle, bolt carrier, bolt pin, firing retaining pin, firing pin, extractor, extractor pin, bolt
- Ammo types: armor piercing, ball, tracer, dummy, blanks
- mechanical zero is when the front sight is flushed
- functions check
1. clear the weapon
2. place selector on safe, charge the weapon, squeeze the trigger - hammer should not fall
3. place selector on semi, squeeze the trigger and hold - hammer should fall
4. while holding trigger, charge the weapon
5. release trigger slowly you should hear a click
6. squeeze trigger again - hammer will fall
7. place selector on auto, charge the weapon, squeeze and hold trigger - hammer will fall
8. charge weapon, release trigger and squeeze trigger - nothing happens
9. charge weapon and place weapon on safe
Land Navigation / Map reading (FM 3-25.26)
- where is the legend of the map found? lower left margin
- contour lines are imaginary lines on the ground connecting equal elevation
- 3 types of contour lines: index, intermediate, supplementary
- one degree: 17.7 mils (360 degrees= 6400 mils)
- 3 norths: true north, magnetic north, grid north
- 5 major terrain features: hill, ridge, valley, saddle, depression
- 3 minor terrain features: draw, spur, cliff
- 2 supplementary: cut, cliff
- A map is a graphic representation of a portion of the earth's surface drawn to scale, as seen from above
- what is the distance between grid lines on a combat map? 1km
- magnetic north when using a compass, grid north when using the map
- 2 ways to hold a compass: compass-to-cheek method, centre-hold method
- declination diagram shows the angular relationship between the magentic north, grid north, and true north
- how do you read grid coordinates on a map? right and up
- a compass has 2 sights
- name 2 ways to orient a map: use a compass / terrain association
- FLOT = forward line of troops
- a map can give you accurate distances, locations and heights, best routes, key terrain features, and cover and concealment information
- resection is the method of locating one's position on a map by determining the grid azimuth to at least two well-defined locations that can be pinpointed on the map
- neat line is the border line around the edge of the map
- 2 methods of measuring an azimuth: compass and protractor
- what would you use on a map to measure actual ground distance? the bar scale
First Aid (FM 4-25.11)
- First aid is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personnel can be made available
- Self aid is emergency treatment one applies to oneself
- quickest way to splint a broken leg = tie the broken leg securely to unbroken leg
- how many pressure points: 11
- object of first aid: to stop bleeding, overcome shock, relieve pain, prevent infection
- unique feature of type o blood: it is a universal donor
- heat injuries: soldiers not used to heat, overweight soldiers, prior heat casualties, dehydrated due to alcohol, lack of water
- how high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding? 2-4 inch
- lifesaving steps (ABC): open the airway to restore breathing, stop the bleeding, control shock
- whose first aid dressing should be used on casualty: use the casualty's field dressing
- Casualty should not eat or drink
- why should you dress and bandage asap? to protect the wound from further contamination and to control the bleeding
- what should you do to indicate that a casualty has received a tourniquet? mark his forehead with a T and note the time of the application of the tourniquet
- prevent athlete's foot: keep your feet clean, use foot powder, and change socks daily
- 2 prescribed methods for opening an airway: the jaw thrust, head tilt method
- 3 categories of heat injuries: heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke
- 2 basic types of fractures: open, closed
- signs of an open fracture: bleeding, bones sticking through skin, check for pulse
- signs of a closed fracture: swelling, discoloration, deformity, unusual body position
- 3 types of bleeding: arterial, venous, capillary
- 4 common points for checking pulse: carotid (side of neck), femoral (groin), radial (wrist), posterior tibial (ankle)
- how to stop bleeding: apply a field dressing, manual pressure, elevate the limb, apply a pressure dressing, digital pressure, apply a tourniquet
- CPR is cardiopulmonary resuscitation, used to restore a heart beat
- 2 types of rescue breathing: mouth to mouth / mouth to nose
- AIDS = acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
- how long is direct manual pressure applied to control bleeding? 5-10 min
- COLD: keep it clean, avoid overheat, wear it loose, keep it dry
- 8 steps in evaluating a casualty: responsiveness, breathing, pulse, bleeding, shock, fractures, burns, possible concussions
- 4 types of burns: thermal, electrical, chemical, laseer
Tactical Communication (FM 42-18)
- SOI = single operation instructions
- 5 methods of communication: radio (least secure), sound, visual, messenger (most secure), wire
- COMSEC = Communication Security: discipline of preventing unauthorized intrceptors from accessing telecommunications
- OPSEC = Operations Security: protecting of critical information
- 5 factors that affect the range of radio equipment: weather, terrain, antenna, pace, location
- NCS = net control station
- MIJI = meaconing, intrusion, jamming, and interference
- first thing you do before sending a message: listen to see if the net is clear
- SINCGARS = single channel ground airborne radio system
Maintenance (AR 750-1)
- leader's unit maint handbook = DA PAM 750-1
- 4 levels of maintenance: unit, direct support, general support, depot
- when is a PMCS required to be performed?
before, during and aftr the operation of a piece of equipment and also at weekly and monthly intervals
- TM is a technical manual, outlines the specific scope of repairs on equipment
- class 1 leak = seepage of fluid not great enough to form drops
- class 2 leak = seepage of fluid great enough to form drops, but not enough to cause the drops to fall
- calss 3 leak = seepage of fluid great enough to form drops and drip during inspection
- PLL = prescribed load list (15 days)
- MAIT = maintenance assistance and instruction team
Wear and Appearance of the Uniform (AR 670-1)
- what are the ranks that shoulder boards come in? CPL through SGM of the army & officer ranks
- who can untuck their APFT uniform? pregnant
- who is authorized to wear insignia of branch on the patrol cap? chaplains
- what is the only insignia authorized for wear on the IPFU? the physical fitness badge
Military Justice (AR 27-10)
- does a person have to accept an article 15? he or she has the right to demand a trial by court martial
- UCMJ = uniform code of military justice
- there are 146 articles in the UCMJ. sub articles total 12 (146+12=158)
- Any commanding officer may impose an article 15
- 3 classifications of article 15: summarized, company grade, field grade
- 3 types of court martial: summary, special, general
- maximum punishments that company commanders may impose: 14 days extra duty, 14 days restriction, 7 days correctional custody (E3 and below), 7 days forfeiture of pay, 1 grade reduction for E4 and below, oral or written letter of reprimand
- 1950 UCMJ enacted by Congress
- one circumstance when a soldier does not have the right to refuse an Article 15 and demand trial by court martial? when aboard a ship
- what rights are given to soldier under article 15? the right to remain silent, demand trial, an attorney
- what does the UCMJ establish? it declares what conduct is a crime, establishes the various types of courts and sets forth the basic procedures to be followed in the administration of the military justice
- what are the articles 77 through 134 known as? punitive articles
- who is the highest military court? the court of military appeals
- under what article is non-judicial punishment imposed? article 15
Army Programs: SHARP&EO (AR 600-20)
- ASAP: Army Substance Abuse Program (AR 600-85)
- mission of ASAP: to strengthen the overall fitness and effectiveness of the army's total workforce and to enhance the combat readiness of its soldiers
- what are the ways that soldiers can be identified as having a substance abuse program? voluntary, commander/supervisor identification, biochemical identification, medical identification, investigation or apprehension
- ACS = army community service (AR 608-1)
- ACES (AR 621-5): develop confident, competent leaders
- Army Learning Centers (AR 621-5)
- TABE = test of adult basic education
- SHARP policy applies on and off post and during and non-duty hours
- Sexual assault: crime defined as intentional sexual contact, characterized by use of force, physical threat or abuse of authority or when the victim does not or cannot consent
- sexual assaults include: rape, non consensual sodomy, indecent assault, attempts to commit these acts
- prevention of sexual harassment is whose responsibility? the commander
- sexual harassment: verbal, nonverbal, physical contact
- EOR = equal opportunity representative
- EOR normally is SGT through 1LT
- AR 600-20 chapter 6 covers EO
- SHARP is a form of gender discrimination that involves unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature between the same or opposite genders
- primary source for solving EO complaints: unit chain of command
- 5 categories EO protected: race, religion, color, national origin, gender
- IAM = intervene, act, motivate
- Army sexual assault prevention and response program: AR 600-20 CH 7 and 8
- SHARP = sexual harassment assault response and prevention
- if sexually assaulted, to whom may they report the crime? chain of command, medical treatment facility, MP, chaplains
- soldiers are required to have 4 of EO training per year
-SHARP Representative: SFC ADAMS / SSG LEE
- EO Representative: SFC HENLEG / SSG WOOD
- Chaplains - CPT Crane-blake
Army Leadership (ADP 6-22)
- training the force: FM 7-0
- training the units and developing leaders: ADP 7-0
- leadership is influencing people by providing purpose, direction and motivation while operating to accomplish the mission and improving organization
- purpose gives subordinates the reason to act, direction involves communicating how to accomplish a mission, motivation supplies the will to do
- be, know and do: army leadership begins with what the leader must be. the values and attributes that shape a leader's character. your skills are those things you know how to do. you cannot be effective, you cannot be a leader, until you act and do what you must
- 3 principal ways leaders can provide knowledge and feedback: counseling, coaching, mentoring
- leader's effectiveness is dramatically enhanced by military bearing, physical fitness, confidence, resilience
- 11 principles of army leadership
- leader actions: influencing, operating, improving
- 3 levels of leadership: direct, organizational, strategic
- attributes of army leader: a leader of character, a leader of presence, a leader with intellectual capacity
- core leader competencies: an army leader leads, an army leader develops, an army leader achieves
- 2 barriers of communication: physical (noise of battle, distance), psychological
- 3 major factors that determine a leader's character: army values, empathy, warrior ethos
- LRM (leadership requirements model): encompasses competencies and attributes
- communication is a process of providing information
- Counseling: ATP 6-22.1
- 5 styles of leadership: directing, participating, delegating, transformational, transactional
Physical Training (FM 7-22)
- PRT = physical readiness training
- DA form 3349 = physical profile form
- DA form 705 = physical readiness test scorecard
- physical readiness is the ability to meet the physical demands of any combat or duty position, accomplish the mission, and continue to fight and win
- C-METL = core mission essential task list
- D-METL = directed mission essential task list
- WTBD = warrior tasks and battle drills
- who's program is physical readiness training program? the commander's program
- who is essential to a successful PRT and why? senior NCOs becuase they are most experienced trainers in unit
- Principle that all army training is based on: train as you will fight
- how should PRT be conducted? PRT should be tough, realistic, physically challenging, yet safe in its execution
- goal of training: mastery, not just proficiency
- 3 phases of PRT: initial conditioning, toughening, sustaining phase
- object of PRT: to prepare soldiers to meet the physical demands related to mission
- 3 exercise principals: precision, progression, integration
- what elements does PRT consist of? preparation, activities, recovery
- how many times a week should PRT be conducted? 4~5 times per week
- components of PRT: strength, endurance, mobility
- 3 types of training incorporated in PRT: on ground, off ground, combatives
- 8 qualitative factors of PRT: agility, balance, coordination, flexibility, posture, stability, speed, power
- physical fitness training: FM 21-20
Warrior Tasks and Drills (STP 21-1)
- 5 subject areas of army warrior tasks: shoot, move, communicate, survive, adapt
- 9 warrior drills: react to contact, avoid ambush, react to ambush, react to indirect fire, react to chemical attack, break contact, dismount a vehicle, evacuate injured personnel from vehicle, secure at a halt
Training unit and developing leaders (ADP 7-0)
- 3 training domains the army uses: institutional training, operational training, self-development
- how do commanders exercise the responsibility to train units and develop leaders? commanders exercise this responsibility through formal and informal chains, assisted by other officers and NCOs, through the development and execution of progressive, challenging, and realistic training
- where does training begin for soldiers? training begins in the generating forces
- what is the army's life-blood? unit training and leader development
- soldiers and leaders should train to master: both the individual and unit collective tasks that support the unit's mission-essential tasks
- self-development is a personal responsibility
- which training principle prepare units to be resilient? train to sustain
- TEWT = tactical exercise without troops
- army's 7 principles of leader development: lead by example, develop subordinate leaders, create a learning environment for subordinate leaders, train leaders in the art and science of mission command, train to develop adaptive leaders, train leaders to think critically and creatively, train your leaders to know their subordinates and their families
- METL: mission essential task list is the doctrinal framework of fundamental tasks for which the unit was designed
- what unit level has a standardized unit METL? brigade and above
- what unit levels develop their own METL? Battalions and companies develop their own METL to support their higher headquarters
- who standardized brigade and aboe METL's? the department of the army
- what is the lowest level that can have a METL? the company level
- how many TLPs (troop leading procedures) and what are the?
receive the mission, issue a warning order, make a tentative plan, start necessary movement, reconnoiter, complete the plan, issue the complete order, supervise
- 5 paragraphs of an OPORD (operation order):
1. situation
2. mission, who, what, when, why and where
3. execution
4. service support
5. command and signal
- 10 principles of training: commanders are responsible for training, NCOs train individuals, crews, small teams, train as combined arms and joint team, train for combat proficiency, train to standard using appropriate doctrine, train to adapt, train to maintain and sustain, train using multi-echelon techniques, train to sustain proficiency, train and develop leaders
Promotions and Reduction (AR 600-8-19)
- what should you look for when recommending an individual for promotion? overall performance, attitude, leadership ability, and development potential
- inefficiency: a demonstration of characteristics that shows that a person cannot perform duties and responsibilities of the grade and MOS
- 5 reasons that a soldier may be reduced: erroneous enlistment grade, misconduct, inefficiency, approve for discharge from service under other than honorable conditions, failure to complete training
- 3 different ways that a soldier reduced for misconduct: by article 15, court martial, conviction by civil court
- Normal TIS and TIG requirement for promotion to PFC: tis=12months, tig=4months
- Normal TIS and TIG requirement for pormotion to SPC: tis=24months, tig=4months
- 3 levels of promotion: unit level, semi-centralized, DA centralized
- what are promotion based on? potential, performance
- reevaluation may be requested if they have increased their latest promotion score by 20 or more points
- how many zones are there for promotion to SGT or SSG? 2 (PZ: primary zone, SZ: secondary zone)
- promotion to SGT: TIS= 36 months, TIG= 8 months
- promotion to SSG: TIS= 84months, TIG= 8 months
- SGT Board (PZ): TIS=34 months, TIG= 6 months
- SSG Board (PZ): TIS= 82 months, TIG= 8 months
- who has the authority to promote soldiers? unit commander for E4 and below
- total reevaluation includes the entire process from the commander's recommendation to the promotion board and administrative points
- when may a soldier request a total reevaluation? 6 months after the latest board appearance
- when is a soldier promoted to PV2? when they complete 6 months of active Federal Service
CBRN (FM 3-11)
- 5 levels of MOPP (mission oriented protective posture)
- chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear
- JSLIST: joint service lightweight integrated suit technology
- MOPP0: available for immediate donning - IPE, Field gear
- MOPP1: worn - overgarment, field gear / carried - footwear covers, mask, gloves
- MOPP2: worn - overgarment, field gear, footwear covers / carried - mask, gloves
- MOPP3: worn - overgarment, field gear, footwear covers, mask and hood/ cariied - gloves
- MOPP4: worn - overgarment, field gear, footwear covers, mask and hood, gloves
- proper masking procedures: stop breathing and close eyes, don protective mask, clear mask, check the seal of the mask, sound the alarm to alert others, continue the mission
- NBC hazard are classified into two types: immediate hazards, residual hazards
- what forms do chemical agents come in? vapors, solids, liquids, gas
- in what sequence should the straps be tightened? forehead straps, cheek straps, temple straps
- 3 fundamentals of NBC defense: avoid contamination, protection, decontamination
- the protective mask will not protect against: ammonia vapors, carbon monoxide
2ID Standard (Division Pamphlet 600-5)
- warrior standards
- at what degrees are you authorized to wear the green fleece cap: 32 degrees or below under long exposed duration
- what is the garrison headphone policy?
headphones will not be used while walking, running, and jogging. only authorized in the gym working out
- what are some exemptions to the 2ID policy 10-1 (curfew leaves and off post pass privileges): disorderly conduct, any alcohol-related incident, possession or use of an illegal substance
- exeptions to curfew policy: living two houses, have a pass
- battalion barracks policy (visitation/curfew/safety features)
- company commanders and first sergeants will inspect their soldiers' quarters on a weekly basis
- platoon leaders and platoon sgts will inspect twice weekly. one of inspections must be on the weekend
- prohibited items: any type of BB guns, pellet gun, slingshot
- a straight razor, a knife with razor blade (exceptions: hunting, fishing, kitchen knife, knives to perform military duties, ceremonial or decorative knives, straight razor used for shaving only
- hot plate, electric frying pan, deep fryer, gas stove
- bicycles will be secured to a bicycle rack outside of the quarters
- stored alcohol quantities in barrack are limited to: one six pack of beers, one fifth of hard liquor, one bottle of wine, one four pack of wine coolers for soldiers of legal drinking age
- underwear shall not be worn as the sole garment or as an outergarment
- quiet hours are from 2200 to 0500 during the week and 2300 to 0800 on weekends. Volume violations will result in the loss of usage of audio system for 30 days.
- visitation hours: duty days before duty days - 1700 to 2300, duty days before non-duty days - 1700 to 0100, non-duty days before duty days - 1000 to 2300
- while guests are in the room, the door must remain completely open at all times
- safety features: CQ desk, fire extinguisher, safety posters, fire lights
- curfew: 0100 have to be back on post, 0200-0500 cannot be out of room
- ROK curfew: 2000 be back from pass, 2200 cannot be out of room
TCTO (Time Compliance Technical Order): 시한성 기술지시서 - 기본 정비 메뉴얼 총칭
TO/TM (Technical Order/Manual): 기술지시서 - 메뉴얼/설계도
WO (Work Order): 제조 지도서 - 부품 하나에 걸리는 수리 및 교체 요청
Maintenance (repair): 정비
Phase: 정비 총과정 - 보통 14일에 거쳐 이루어지는 정비 과정
Airworthiness (airworthy): 내공성 - 안전히 비행 가능한 수리가 필요한지 보는 것
Inspection: 고장탐구
Disassembly check: 분해 점검
Carry-over: 정비 이월 - 정비 작업의 장기화
Hard-time: 사용 시간 한계
Routine Check: 정기 점검 과정
Unit: 부품, 파트 - 탈부착이 가능한 것들
Resource Management: 정비 보급 관리 - 경제성 창출을 목적으로 한 보급 과정
(Back)shop: 정비계통(부서) - 부문별 정비 구분
Airframe: 기체 - 항공기 껍데기들
Engine: 동력 - 항공기의 동력
Powertrain: 기관 - 항공기 동력 전달 기관들을 관리
Hydraulics: 수력 - 유압식 기관
Armament: 무장 - 정비계통 중 하나
Blade: 날개 - 프로펠러 만듦
Avionics Radar: 비행운용 - 감지, 레이더
Avionics Commo: 비행운용 - 위장
QC: 정비 집행부 - 정비 과정에 협력한다
PC: 정비 관리부 - 정비 과정을 관리
Shopstock: 주요 부품 - 비싸서 재활용
Benchstock: 부속 부품 - 싸서 쓰고 버림
Sensitive Item: 관리 필요품 - 주로 회로같은 것
Line-replaceable unit: 즉시교체 가능단위 - 빨리 교체할 수 있도록 설계된 부분
Phase
일반적으로 14일간 진행되며, 항공기가 다시 작전을 수행할 수 있는 상태로 만드는 정비의 총과정을 일컫는 말이다. 1개의 헬기에 1개의 phase team을 붙여서 진행한다. phase가 시작되면 정비 대기 중이던 항공기를 phase bay 내로 들여와 점검 및 정비를 시작하며, 정비가 완료되어 작전 수행에 무리가 없는 수준이라고 판단되면 다시 airfield로 내보내 작전에 투입될 수 있도록 한다.
phase process는 보통 세가지 방향성을 가지고 있다. 첫째로 작전 수행 제반 능력을 충실히 구비할 것. 즉 airworthiness을 기반으로 한 전반의 기능이 무리 없이 운용되도록 하는 것이다. 둘째는 신속성으로 작전 수행에 차질이 없도록 신속한 정비를 항상 수행할 수 있도록 한다. 셋째는 경제성이다. technical supply와 pc등 각 부서와의 긴밀한 협력으로 정비에 필요한 비용을 항상 경제적인 수준으로 운용한다.
qc는 pc보다 더욱 현장에 밀착된 부서이다. 실제 정비과정에서 나오는 문제들을 관리하여 정비가 오류없이 흘러갈 수 있도록 하는 부서이다. 어떤 부속품이 disposable한지 수리가 가능한지, 혹은 미확인 부속품의 class를 identifying 하는 등 정비사와 직접적인 협력을 한다. 보통 대대에서 취급하는 항공기 모델의 전문가적 지식을 가지고 있고, 데이터 베이스에 접근 가능한 인가를 가진 전문 부사관들이 근무한다.
Backshop
정비계통을 의미한다. 정비는 정비 부문의 성격에 따라 계통이 나뉘는데, Maintenance, Engine, Powertrain, Hydraulics, Armament, Airframe, Avionics, Blade 등 9개의 부서가 나뉘어져 있으며, Maintenance는 정비에 직접 참여하는 정비사들로 보통 계통으로 취급하지 않는다. 즉 8개의 정비계통이 있다. backshop이라 하면 이 계통들의 정비사무실을 의미하며 정비 중 계통에 대한 전문 지식이 필요하면 backshop의 자문을 구하게 된다. 보통 부문별 민간 정비기술자가 1-2명 정도 편제되어 있다.
Maintenance는 계통 분류가 아니라 정비사들을 포괄하는 부서이다. phase 팀이 구성될 때는 보통 maintenance에서 차출되며 mos가 항공정비이거나, 항공정비에 대한 교육을 받았거나 하는 전문 인력들이 편제되어있다.
Airframe은 기체의 껍데기들을 말한다. 기체가 운용되는 환경에 알맞은 구조와 외부를 만드는 것이 이 계통의 목적이다. 또한 내부 좌석이나 창문 등 기체의 일부 구성품도 같이 담당한다.
Engine은 기체의 동력을 말한다. 기체가 날고 움직일 수 있도록 하는 동력을 생산하는 계통을 맡고 정비한다.
Powertrain은 기관으로 동력이 필요한 부분에 필요한 형태로 전달될 수 있도록 하는 기관들을 정비한다.
Armament는 무장으로 각 항공기에 탑재된 무장을 관리한다.
Avionics는 항공 운용으로 감지와 위장 두가지 계통을 포함한다.
Hydraulics는 항공기 내부의 유압식 기관들을 관리한다.
Blade는 항공기의 프로펠러 등 aerodynamics와 관련된 부품들을 관리한다.
Line-replaceable unit
보통 항공기는 설계 당시부터 조립의 최소단위가 상정되어 있으며 신속한 교체 (R&R; remove and replacement)가 가능하도록 하는 것이 그 목적이다. 고장난 부분만을 들어내고 교체하면 항공기 전체를 재조립하는 수고를 덜 수 있어 효과적이기 때문이다. 대표적으로 무장이나 라디오 등이 그 예이다.
Field Maintenance
wartime maintenance라 부를 수도 있으며, 야전 정비를 지칭한다. 전시에 시설과 장비에 의존하지 않고 얼마나 야전에서 효과적으로 정비할 수 있는지를 그 화두로 하며, LRU의 도입 자체가 야전 정비 상황의 필요성 때문이었다.
야전 정비는 시설이 없고, 장비가 없으며, 실외이다. 이 때문에 야전 정비가 가능한 유닛은 몇가지 규칙을 가진다. 첫째로 portable 해야한다. 최소단위를 본부에서 조립하면 수송하여 바로 야전에서 탈착하는 식이다. 둘째가 바로 R&R의 간편성이다. 보통 장비가 필요 없거나 Frearson 드라이버라는 규격화된 장비만을 요구하게 된다. 셋쨰로 실외 환경에 무상성이어야 한다. 습도, 먼지, 자외선, 충격, 방사선, 정전기, 열 등에 노출되어도 기능을 유지해야 한다.
Technical Supply
보통 시설화된 부서로 정비에 필요한 모든 자원을 관리한다. 텍썹의 운용은 정비의 효율에 큰 영향을 미친다. 정비가 이루어지는 곳에서 바로 자원을 운용 가능하도록 하여 파견된 항공기의 유지와 관리가 이루어지도록 한다.
텍썹의 주 목적은 항공기에 필요한 자원을 보관하고 관리하여 언제나 즉각 부품을 지원할 수 있도록 하는 데에 있다. 야전 정비가 이루어질 경우에도 마찬가지로 야전에 임시 공구보급소가 마련된다. 지난 기간의 정비 데이터를 기반으로 부품의 보관 수량 등을 결정하여 관리함으로써, 효율을 극대화한다.
텍썹의 또 다른 임무는 phase의 경제적 운용에 일조하는 것이다. TS는 일정 레벨의 부품 수리능력을 갖추어야 하며, 부품이 재활용 가능한 지를 판단한다. 하지만 신속성이 경제성보다 우선순위에 있기에 보통 부품의 수리가 가능할 경우 3교대 체제로 부품을 보급하여 부품의 교체, 교체 부품의 수리, 교체 부품의 보관이 동시에 이루어지도록 운용한다.
텍썹은 시설화 된 경우 부품의 특성을 고려하여 보관하며, 야전에 임시로 설치된 경우 packaging을 이용하여 습도와 온도, 충격을 부분적으로 관리할 수 있도록 한다. 이러한 특수 박스는 그 자체로 자원의 일종으로 인식하며, 야전에 파견될 수 있도록 일정 부품의 일정 수량을 항상 관리 할 수 있도록 spare packaging을 구비해 놓는다.
phitecus
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