10 interesting facts about plastic surgery (Walk back into the past)

10 Interesting Facts about Plastic Surgery 1. Despite the popular misconception, the word "plastic" in "plastic surgery" does not mean "artificial," but is derived from the ancient Greek word "plastikos," which means to mold or give form. Thus plastic surgery means "molding or shaping surgery" – its use here has no connection with plastics in the sense of synthetic polymer material. 2. The first documented nose job was performed in 600 B.C. in ancient India. Physicians would use skin removed from either the cheek or forehead to reconstruct noses. Two polished wooden tubes would then be inserted into where the nostrils were supposed to be to keep the air passages open during healing. 3. In 1794, British surgeons witnessed an Indian brick layer repair the nose of a British cattle driver who had his nose and hand cut off by a prisoner. British surgeons then brought the procedure back to Europe where interest rapidly grew. 4. Scar removal was popular in ancient Rome. This was particularly so for scars on the back as these were considered marks of shame because they suggested a man had turned his back in battle – or worse, he had been whipped like a slave. 5. While the Egyptians did not practice extreme forms of plastic surgery on the living, they would often prepare their dead following principles of plastic surgery. For example, Ramses II's mummy was surgically altered by having a small bone and a handful of seeds inserted into his nose to ensure that his most prominent feature would be recognizable in the afterlife. The mummy of Queen Nunjmet also had bandages stuffed in her cheeks and belly in the same way that modern plastic surgeons implant silicone into a body.
+ 2 interests

Tattoos: Understand risks and precautions

Tattoos might make you feel cool and are more common than ever, but don't take tattooing lightly. Know the risks and understand basic safety precautions and aftercare steps before jumping into tattooing! You could be the proud owner of a new tattoo in a matter of hours — but don't let the ease of getting tattoos stop you from making a thoughtful decision about permanent body art. Before you get a tattoo, make sure you know what's involved. Also, be certain that tattooing is the right decision for you. How tattoos are done: A tattoo is a permanent mark or design made on your skin with pigments inserted through pricks into the skin's top layer. Typically, the tattoo artist uses a hand-held machine that acts much like a sewing machine, with one or more needles piercing the skin repeatedly. With every puncture, the needles insert tiny ink droplets. The process — which is done without anesthetics — causes a small amount of bleeding and slight to potentially significant pain. Tattoos breach the skin, which means that skin infections and other complications are possible. Specific risks include: 1) Allergic reactions. Tattoo dyes — especially red, green, yellow and blue dyes — can cause allergic skin reactions, such as an itchy rash at the tattoo site. This can occur even years after you get the tattoo.